Udgita, Udgīta: 7 definitions


Udgita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Udgīta (उद्गीत) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “udgīta is kalās in the Prasvāra once (lit. in the beginning) ascending and next (lit. in the end) descending”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya

Udgīta (उद्गीत).—The udgīta stands for the sacrificial act to be performed by the udgātṛ, the sāmaveda priest, with the udgīta hymns. The devas meditated on the udgīta as the breath in the nostril, but the asuras smote the breath with evil. Then they meditated on udgīta as the speech, the eye, the ear, the mind; but ail these sense organs were smitten with evil by the asuras. Then they meditated on udgīta as prāṇa (vital breath) and the asuras failed to smite it with evil. Therefore prāṇa is superior to all sense-organs. (see Gauḍapāda’s Kārikā on the see Māṇḍūkya-upaniṣad 3.5)

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgīta (उद्गीत).—[neuter] song.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udgīta (उद्गीत):—[=ud-gīta] [from ud-gai] mfn. sung

2) [v.s. ...] announced, celebrated

3) [v.s. ...] n. singing, a song, [Mahābhārata]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udgīta (उद्गीत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uggīya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udgita in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udgīta (उद्गीत):—(nm) an anthem.

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