Pratapa, Pratāpa: 20 definitions
Pratapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pratāpa (प्रताप) refers to “great valour”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] worldly pleasures and salvation (bhuktimukti) will be secured by a person who worships with Tulasī. Great valour (pratāpa) can be secured by worshipping with Arka or Kubjakalhāra flowers.”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Pratāpa (प्रताप).—A prince of the country of Sauvīra. He stood behind the chariot of Jayadratha holding his flag. Arjunaslew him. (Śloka 10, Chapter 265, Vana Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Pratāpa (प्रताप).—A follower of Bali.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 245. 32.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Pratāpa (प्रताप) refers to “very violent” and is used to describe the demon Krauñca, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “As she [i.e., the Goddess] moved from place to place (her) sweat, born of (her) exertion, fell on the ground. From that a great and fierce demon (mahāsura) was born called Krauñca. The three worlds suffered due to that very violent (pratāpa) being. Then all the gods along with Indra having approached Brahmā asked him how Krauñca could be killed [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
India history and geography
Pratāpa.—see partāb. Note: pratāpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Pratāpa.—same as partāb. Note: pratāpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Pratapa in India is the name of a plant defined with Calotropis gigantea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Periploca cochinchinensis Lour. (among others).
2) Pratapa is also identified with Calotropis procera It has the synonym Asclepias gigantea Jacq., nom. illeg. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Hortus Kewensis (1789)
· Revised Handb. to the Flora of Ceylon (1973)
· Journal of Natural Products
· Hortus Kewensis (1811)
· Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology (2007)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1903)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Pratapa, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
pratāpa (प्रताप).—m (S) Majesty, dignity, authoritativeness: also glory, grandeur, mightiness. 2 Power, prowess, puissance, valor. 3 Efficacy, virtue, potency (as of medicines). 4 A gold coin, valuing about two rupees, current at Dharwaṛ &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pratāpa (प्रताप).—m Majesty, dignity. Power, pro- wess. Virtue.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Pratapa (प्रतप).—The heat of the sun.
Derivable forms: pratapaḥ (प्रतपः).
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1) Heat, warmth; अन्यप्रतापमासाद्य यो दृढत्वं न गच्छति (anyapratāpamāsādya yo dṛḍhatvaṃ na gacchati) (here pratāpa means 'prowess' also); Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.17.
2) Radiance, glowing heat; अमी च कथमादित्याः प्रतापक्षति- शीतलाः (amī ca kathamādityāḥ pratāpakṣati- śītalāḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.24.
3) Splendour, brilliancy.
4) Dignity, majesty, glory; सर्वः प्रायो भजति विकृतिं भिद्यमाने प्रतापे (sarvaḥ prāyo bhajati vikṛtiṃ bhidyamāne pratāpe) Mv.2.4.
5) Courage, valour, heroism, प्रतापस्तस्य भानोश्च युगपद् व्यानशे दिशः (pratāpastasya bhānośca yugapad vyānaśe diśaḥ) R.4.15. (where pratāpa means 'heat' also); 4.3; शत्रुश्रेणीपतङ्गाञ्ज्वलति रघुपते त्वत्प्रतापप्रदीपः (śatruśreṇīpataṅgāñjvalati raghupate tvatpratāpapradīpaḥ) Udb.; यं देशं श्रयते तमेव कुरुते बाहुप्रतापार्जितम् (yaṃ deśaṃ śrayate tameva kurute bāhupratāpārjitam) H.
6) Spirit, vigour, energy.
7) Ardour, zeal.
8) Issue of ultimatum; प्रेषणं सन्धिपालत्वं प्रतापो मित्रसंग्रहः (preṣaṇaṃ sandhipālatvaṃ pratāpo mitrasaṃgrahaḥ) Kau. A.1.16.
Derivable forms: pratāpaḥ (प्रतापः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pratāpa (प्रताप).—m., (1) name of a large number of former Buddhas: Mahāvastu i.58.9; (2) = next, probably only by corruption: Mahāvastu i.6.13 (no v.l.); some mss. read so in i.15.7 (verse), but unmetrically.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-paḥ) 1. Majesty, dignity, glory, possession of rank and power. 2. Spirit, valour, energy. 3. Splendour, brilliancy. 4. Warmth, glowing, Heat. E. pra before, tap to shine, aff. ghañ . “arka vṛkṣe ca .”Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratāpa (प्रताप).—i. e. pra-tap + a, m. 1. Heat, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 12. 2. Splendour, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 131. 3. Majesty, dignity, Kām. Nītis. 8, 12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratāpa (प्रताप).—[masculine] heat, glow, splendour, brilliancy, highness, majesty, power.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratapa (प्रतप):—[=pra-tapa] [from pra-tap] m. the heat of the sun
2) Pratāpa (प्रताप):—[=pra-tāpa] [from pra-tap] m. glowing heat, heat, warmth, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] splendour, brilliancy, glory, majesty, dignity, power, strength, energy, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] Calotropis Gigantea (= arka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratāpa (प्रताप):—[pra-tāpa] (paḥ) 1. m Majesty; spirit, energy; splendour; heat.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pratāpa (प्रताप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Payāva.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Pratāpa (प्रताप) [Also spelled pratap]:—(nm) glorious grace, glory, dignity; glorious renown; overwhelming, influence; ~[vāna] see [pratāpī; —se, kisī ke] through the glorious grace of.
1) [noun] great or intense heat.
2) [noun] the light of the sun; sunlight.
3) [noun] intense light.
4) [noun] marked courage or bravery; valolur.
5) [noun] the supposed flowing of an ethereal fluid or power from saintly persons; influence.
6) [noun] the power of persons or things to affect others, seen only in its effects; influence.
7) [noun] magnificient glory; brilliant distinction; splendour.
8) [noun] (hist.) a monetary coin.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+41): Pratapa-cakravartin, Pratapa-caritra, Pratapabhairava, Pratapabhanu, Pratapacandra, Pratapachandra, Pratapadeva, Pratapadhavala, Pratapaditya, Pratapadityata, Pratapakalpadruma, Pratapakutuka, Pratapalamkara, Pratapalankeshvara, Pratapamahima, Pratapamala, Pratapamartanda, Pratapamartande malamasavidhi, Pratapamukuta, Pratapana.
Ends with: Apratapa, Atipratapa, Dhundhipratapa, Mahapratapa, Nishpratapa, Pandavapratapa, Parashuramapratapa, Praudhapratapa, Prodhapratapa, Punyapratapa, Rudrapratapa, Supratapa, Vira-pratapa, Viravarapratapa.
Full-text (+81): Praudhapratapa, Pratapavat, Apratapa, Pratapamukuta, Prataparudriya, Prataparudrayashobhushana, Pratapavilasa, Pratapin, Pratapamartanda, Pratapasa, Pratapanarasimha, Nishpratapa, Pratapanrisimha, Pratapatra, Pratapasimha, Prataparaja, Pratapapura, Prataparamapuja, Pratapadeva, Prataparudrakalyana.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Pratapa, Pratāpa, Pra-tapa, Pra-tāpa; (plurals include: Pratapas, Pratāpas, tapas, tāpas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 30 - Singaraja and Pratapa Kurmaraja (A.D. 1440-1461) < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Part 26 - Pratapa Gangaraju (A.D. 1319-1368) < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Part 40 - End of the Sila (Silavamsi) dynasty < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Note 1: the ruling dynasties (Hoysala and Kakatiya) < [Chapter XI - Kulottunga III (a.d. 1178 to 1218)]
Temples in Kannambadi < [Chapter II - Temples of Kulottunga I’s Time]
Temples in Papanasam < [Chapter XII - Temples of Kulottunga III’s Time]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCLXIII < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section CXLIII < [Jayadratha-Vadha Parva]
Medaram Jatra < [April – June, 2002]
Yaksha Gana < [September-October 1934]
The Reddis and the Rayas - A Page from Deccan History < [November-December 1933]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Treatment for fever (47): Pratapa-martanda rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Part 23 - Treatment for diarrhea (14): Pratapa-bhairava rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Treatment for fever (43): Pratapa-tapana rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.24.84 < [Chapter 24 - The Lord Displays His Universal Form to Advaita]
Verse 3.3.447 < [Chapter 3 - Mahāprabhu’s Deliverance of Sarvabhauma, Exhibition of His Six-armed Form, and Journey to Bengal]
Verse 3.5.140 < [Chapter 5 - The Pastimes of Nityānanda]