Asma, Asmā, Ashma, Aśma, Āśma: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Asma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśma and Āśma can be transliterated into English as Asma or Ashma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aśmā (अश्मा).—An ancient sage.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Aśma (अश्म) refers to “stones” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Aśma], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Aśma (अश्म) refers to “stones”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘The excellent Sādhaka [should be] full of sattva, firm, capable of endurance, his mind fixed on [his] mantra, unassailable, of great wisdom, looking impartially (sama) on mud (loṣṭa), stones (aśma) and gold (kāñcana) engaged, regular in [the performance of] oblations, always devoted to recitation and meditation, dexterous in the dispelling of obstacles, firm in [the practice of his] religious observance, calm, pure. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

asmā : (m.) a stone.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśmā (अश्मा).—m S A stone. In burning a corpse, the stone over which they drop water is not called by any common name but by aśmā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśma (अश्म).—

1) A mountain, a rock (at the end of comp.)

2) (Ved.) A cloud.

Derivable forms: aśmaḥ (अश्मः).

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Āśma (आश्म).—a. (-śmī f.) [अश्मन-अण् (aśmana-aṇ)] Made of stone, stony.

-śmaḥ Anything made of stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśma (अश्म).—m.

(-śmaḥ) 1. A mountain, a rock. 2. A cloud, (in the language of the Vedas:) see aśman.

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Āśma (आश्म).—mfn.

(-śmaḥ-śmā-śmaṃ) Stony, made of stone, &c. E. aśman stone, and aṇ affix: with the final rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asma (अस्म).—1. [pronoun] stem of 1st [person or personal]

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Asma (अस्म).—2. asma [pronoun] stem of 3d [person or personal]

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Asma (अस्म).—[pronoun] stem of 3d [person or personal]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśma (अश्म):—[from aśna] 1. aśma ifc. for 2. aśman, a stone, [Pāṇini 5-4, 94.]

2) [from aśna] 2. aśma (in [compound] for 2. aśman).

3) Asma (अस्म):—([from] a-sma), a [pronominal] base from which some forms ([dative case] asmai, or asmai [ablative] asimāt [locative case] asmin) of idam (q.v.) are formed

4) also the base of the first person [plural] [accusative] asmān ([= ἡμᾶς]), [instrumental case] asmābhis [dative case] asmabhyam [ablative] asmat, in later, language also asmat-tas ([Mahābhārata] etc.) [genitive case] asmākam ([exceptionally asmāka, [Ṛg-veda i, 173, 10; Atharva-veda]]) [locative case] asmāsu

5) [dative case] [locative case] asme (only [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā])

6) Āśma (आश्म):—mfn. ([from] aśman, [Kātyāyana on Pāṇini 6-6, 144]), stony, made of stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśma (अश्म):—(śmaḥ) m. A mountain; a cloud.

2) Āśma (आश्म):—[(śmaḥ-śmā-śmaṃ) a.] Stony.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśma (ಅಶ್ಮ):—

1) [noun] a piece of rock, relatively of small size; a stone.

2) [noun] a visible mass of tiny, condensed water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere; cloud.

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Āśma (ಆಶ್ಮ):—[adjective] made of stone.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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