Sumagadha, Sumāgadhā, Sumagadhā: 6 definitions


Sumagadha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Sumagadha or Sumagava.—A lotus pond near Rajagaha. The Samyutta Nikaya mentions the Buddha as relating the story of a man who went to Sumagadha with the thought, I will speculate about the world. He saw an army, with its four divisions, enter a lotus stalk. He then thought he must be mad and told everyone so. The Buddha explained that what the man had seen was real; it was an Asura army, fleeing from the devas in panic, through a lotus stalk (S.v.447f.; cf. Ramayana i.34).

Near the pond was the Moranivapa, and within walking distance was the Paribbajakarama in Queen Udumbarikas park. The Buddha was walking about in the open air near Sumagadha, just before he preached the Udumbarikasihanada Sutta. D.iii.40.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sumagadha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sumagadhā (सुमगधा) is the name of a pool as well as a stoppig-place, or vihāra located at Rājagṛha, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V. Rājagṛha is the name of a sacred city where the Buddha was dwelling at the beginning of the discourse in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sumāgadhā (सुमागधा) is the name of a tank situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Sumāgadhā is a tank near Rājagaha.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sumagadha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sumāgadhā (सुमागधा).—(1) name of a daughter of Anāthapiṇḍada: Divyāvadāna 402.1, 6; app. the same as Pali Subhaddā (either Mahā- or Cūla-subhaddā, qq.v., Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)); (2) (= Pali id.) name of a lake or pool: Pischel, SBBA 1904, p. 817, fol. 170 a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sumagadha (सुमगध):—[=su-magadha] [from su > su-ma] m. [plural] the happy Magadhas (am ind.), [Patañjali on Pāṇini 2-1, 6]

2) Sumagadhā (सुमगधा):—[=su-magadhā] [from su-magadha > su > su-ma] f. Name of a daughter of Anātha-piṇḍika, [Buddhist literature]

3) Sumāgadha (सुमागध):—[=su-māgadha] [from su > su-ma] m. Name of a man, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) Sumāgadhā (सुमागधा):—[=su-māgadhā] [from su-māgadha > su > su-ma] f. Name of a daughter of Anātha-piṇḍika, [Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sumagadha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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