Suma, Sumā, Sūma: 6 definitions

Introduction

Suma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Suma (सुम) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Suma] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An eminent Theri of India who came over to Anuradhapura in the time of Devanampiyatissa and taught the Vinaya there. Dpv.xviii.24.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suma (सुम).—

1) The moon.

2) Camphor.

3) Sky.

-mam A flower; स्मरस्य स्वर्बालानयनसुममालार्चनपदम् (smarasya svarbālānayanasumamālārcanapadam) Bv.1.84.

Derivable forms: sumaḥ (सुमः).

--- OR ---

Sūma (सूम).—[sṛ-mak]

1) Water.

2) Milk.

3) Sky or heaven.

Derivable forms: sūmaḥ (सूमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suma (सुम).—n.

(-maṃ) A flower. m.

(-maḥ) 1. The moon. 2. Camphor. 3. Sky. E. su excellent, the goddess Lakshmi; prized by her; or mak aff.: see kusuma .

--- OR ---

Sūma (सूम).—mn.

(-maḥ-maṃ) 1. Sky, heaven. 2. Milk. 3. Water. E. ṣū to bring forth, mak Unadi aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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