Suma, Sumā, Sūma: 13 definitions
Suma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Suma (सुम) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Suma] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
An eminent Theri of India who came over to Anuradhapura in the time of Devanampiyatissa and taught the Vinaya there. Dpv.xviii.24.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Suma in Guinea is the name of a plant defined with Oryza sativa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Oryza sativa var. elongata Desv. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1821)
· The Flora of British India (1896)
· Acta Genetica Sinica (1984)
· Physis. Revista de la Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias Naturales (1933)
· Landwirthschaftliche Flora (1866)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Suma, for example health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The moon.
-mam A flower; स्मरस्य स्वर्बालानयनसुममालार्चनपदम् (smarasya svarbālānayanasumamālārcanapadam) Bv.1.84.
Derivable forms: sumaḥ (सुमः).
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3) Sky or heaven.
Derivable forms: sūmaḥ (सूमः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maṃ) A flower. m.
(-maḥ) 1. The moon. 2. Camphor. 3. Sky. E. su excellent, mā the goddess Lakshmi; prized by her; or mak aff.: see kusuma .
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(-maḥ-maṃ) 1. Sky, heaven. 2. Milk. 3. Water. E. ṣū to bring forth, mak Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Suma (सुम).—probably 1. su + ma (cf. sūna, prasūna, s.v. 1. su), n. A flower, [Cāṇakya] 24 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 408.
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Sūma (सूम).—[sū + ma] (see vb. 1. su), m. 1. Milk. 2. Water. 3. Sky.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Suma (सुम):—[=su-ma] m. (id est. 5. su + 4. ma; √3. mā) the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] the sky, atmosphere, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] n. a flower (cf. su-manas), [Cāṇakya; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]
4) Sūma (सूम):—[from sūti] 1. sūma m. (for 2. See sub voce) milk, water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) 2. sūma m. (said to be [from] √2. su; for 1. sūma See p. 1241, col. 3) the sky, heaven, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 144.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Suma (सुम):—[su-ma] (maṃ) 1. n. A flower.
2) Sūma (सूम):—[(maḥ-maṃ)] 1. m. n. Sky; milk; water.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Suma (सुम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suma.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Sūma (सूम) [Also spelled sum]:—(a) penurious, miser, niggardly; (nm) a miser; ~[pana/panā] penury, miserliness, niggardliness.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Suma (सुम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Suma.
2) Sumā (सुमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Svasṛ.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Suma (ಸುಮ):—[noun] the blossom of a plant; a flower.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+276): Cuma, Cumaiccapparam, Cumaittayir, Cumaiyatai, Cumaiyirakki, Cumam, Cumankalam, Cumanta, Cumarttam, Cumatalai, Cumati, Cumattu, Cumeru, Samantakuta, Shumara, Suma kala, Sumaalee, Sumabana, Sumac, Sumac amaranthe.
Ends with (+122): Adinakusuma, Agastyakusuma, Akalakusuma, Akashakusuma, Akusuma, Ambarakusuma, Anandakusuma, Anangakusuma, Apsarahkusuma, Asuma, Atasikusuma, Avakirnakusuma, Barhikusuma, Basuma, Bisakusuma, Bisuma, Brihatikusuma, Campakakusuma, Canakyakusuma, Candakusuma.
Full-text (+221): Sumana, Shami, Saktuphala, Samira, Sumushti, Svasri, Sumanda, Sumanorama, Sumagadha, Sumrita, Sumavali, Sumagadham, Sumaha, Sumadram, Sumukhata, Sumaninita, Sumrityu, Sumagadhi, Sumarshana, Sumukta.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Suma, Sumā, Sūma, Su-ma; (plurals include: Sumas, Sumās, Sūmas, mas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 7.13 - Poetic conventions regarding to the Moon < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Part 19 - Rājaśekhara’s Earlier Work’s on Kavi-śikṣā < [Chapter 2 - A General Outlines of Sanskrit Poetics]
Part 8.14 - Characteristics of Grīṣma-kāla (summer season) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)