Saumanasa, Saumanasā: 15 definitions


Saumanasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saumanasa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saumanasa (सौमनस).—One of the eight elephants supporting the globe. (See under Aṣṭadiggajas).

2) Saumanasa (सौमनस).—The peak of a mountain. It was on this golden peak, with a girth of one yojana and an elevation of ten yojanas, that Bhagavān Viṣṇu placed the first of his three steps during the incarnation as Vāmana, the second step being on the peak of Meru and the third on the head of Mahābali.

2) "There is a golden peak called Saumanasa, with girth of one yojana and a height of ten yojanas. It is said that in days of yore Mahāviṣṇu placed the first of his three steps on this peak the second being on the peak of Meru." Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa. Kiṣkindhā kāṇḍa, Sarga 40).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saumanasa (सौमनस).—A Vidyādharagaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 29.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saumanasa in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Saumanasa (सौमनस) is the name of a mountain situated to the south of mount Meru and north of mount Niṣadha. To the west of Saumanasa lies mount Vidyutprabha and in between these two mountains are the bhogabhūmis (enjoyment-lands) known as Devakuru in which the mountains Citrakūṭa and Vicitrakūṭa stand along the east and west banks of the river Sitodā. On top of these mountains stand the temples of the Jinas.

Niṣadha is one of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Saumanasa (सौमनस) refers to a species of Graiveyaka gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. It is also known by the name Sumaṅkasa or Sumaṃkasa. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Graiveyakas (e.g., the Saumanasas) do not bind karmans, are 1-sensed class of beings and have an immovable body, warm splendour, cold lustre, animal state of existence, ānupūrvī and āyus.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Saumanasa (सौमनस) is the name of an ancient region, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] having taken the water-pots, the Ābhiyogika-gods took water from the ocean of milk, like clouds. From it they took white lotuses, blue lotuses, and red lotuses, as if to show to Hari a token of (the taking of) the waters. [...] In Bhadraśāla, Nandana, Saumanasa, and Pāṇḍaka they took everything, the best gośīrṣa-sandal, etc. After mixing together the fragrant substances and water, they went quickly to mount Meru”.

2) Saumanasa (सौमनस) is the name of a mountain range in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly, “To the north of the Niṣadha Mountains and to the south of Meru are the Vidyutprabha Mountains and the Saumanasa Mountains in the west and east. They have the shape of an elephant’s tusk, almost touching Meru at the end. Between them are the Bhogabhumis, the Devakurus, 11,842 yojanas wide. In them, at each side of the five lakes divided by Śītodā, are ten mountains of gold, making a total of 100. There on the east and west banks of Śītodā are the mountains Vicitrakūṭa and Citrakūṭa. They are 1000 yojanas in height and the same in diameter at the base. The diameter at the top is half of that”.

3) Saumanasā (सौमनसा) refers to one of the 32 mountains between the lotus-lakes situated near the four Añjana mountains, which are situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In the four directions from each of the Añjana Mountains there are lotus-lakes, 100,000 yojanas square: [...]. Between each two lotus-lakes there are 2 Ratikara Mountains so there are 32 Ratikara Mountains (e.g., Saumanasā). On the Dadhimukha Mountains and on the Ratikara Mountains, there are eternal shrines of the Arhats, just as on the Añjana Mountains likewise at the intermediate points of the continent there are 4 Ratikara Mountains, having a length and width of 10,000 yojanas, and a height of 1,000 yojanas, made of all kinds of jewels, divine, the shape of a jhallarī. [...] In them (i.e., the 32 Ratikara Mountains, e.g., Saumanasā) the gods with all their splendor together with their retinues make eight-day festivals in the shrines on the holy days of the holy Arhats”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Saumanasa (सौमनस) or Saumanasavana is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, which lies at the centre of Jambūdvīpa: the tree enveloping the continent of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.—There are four forests (vana) on Sumeru Mount. They are called Bhadraśāla, Nandanavana, Saumanasavana and Pāṇḍukavana. The first forest lies at the foot of the mountain and the rest in its platform. How many Jina temples are there in the four forests? There are four Jina temples in four directions in each forest for a total of 16 temples on the mount.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Saumanasa (सौमनस) is one of the nine graiveyakas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

The nava-graiveyakas (e.g., Saumanasa) are the three layered residences above the sixteenth heaven (kalpa) where Ahamindra deities reside. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saumanasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saumanasa (सौमनस).—a. (- or - f.) [सुमनस्-अण् (sumanas-aṇ)]

1) Agreeable to the feelings, pleasing.

2) Relating to flowers, floral; मम न सौमनसौ मनसो मुदे (mama na saumanasau manaso mude) Śiśupālavadha 6.12.

-sam 1 Kindliness of spirit, benevolence, kindness.

2) Pleasure, satisfaction.

3) The nutmeg.

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Saumanasā (सौमनसा).—The outer skin of the nutmeg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saumanasa (सौमनस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā or -sī-saṃ) 1. Floral, flowery, relating to flowers. 2. Agreeable, pleasing. n. (-sa) 1. Benevolence. 2. Pleasure. E. sumanas content, and aṇ aff.

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Saumanasā (सौमनसा).—f.

(-sā) The outer skin of the nutmeg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saumanasa (सौमनस).—i. e. su-manas + a, I. adj. 1. Pleasing. 2. Flowery. Ii. n. Pleasure, satisfaction, Chr. 294, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saumanasa (सौमनस).—[feminine] ī relating to flowers, flowery; [neuter] pleasure, satisfaction, cheerfulness (also [masculine]), benevolence, kindness, favour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saumanasa (सौमनस):—[from saumana] mf(ī)n. ([from] su-manas) coming from or consisting of flowers, floral, flowery, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Pārśvanātha-caritra]

2) [v.s. ...] agreeable to the feelings, pleasing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. cheerfulness, enjoyment, comfort, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the eighth day of the civil month (= karma-māsa), [Indische Studien by A. Weber]

5) [v.s. ...] of the elephant of the western quarter, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [ib.; Harivaṃśa]

7) Saumanasā (सौमनसा):—[from saumanasa > saumana] f. the outer skin of the nutmeg, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) Saumanasa (सौमनस):—[from saumana] n. benevolence, kindness, favour, [Ṛg-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] pleasure, satisfaction, [ib.; Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] n. the nutmeg (cf. ī f.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a peak of a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Bombay edition])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saumanasa (सौमनस):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ) a.] Flowery; pleasing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saumanasa (सौमनस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Somaṇasa, Somaṇasā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saumanasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saumanasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saumanasa (ಸೌಮನಸ):—

1) [noun] a gladness, cheerfulness of mind; a gentle and kind disposition.

2) [noun] a good natured man.

3) [noun] (jain.) one of the nine regions above the heavens.

4) [noun] (jain.) name of one of the heavens.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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