Subala, aka: Su-bala, Subāla; 6 Definition(s)


Subala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Subala in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Subala (सुबल).—General. A King of Gāndhāra. Subala was the father of Śakuni, uncle of the Kauravas. Śakuni was the rebirth of Nagnajit, disciple of Prahlāda. Śakuni inherited the name Saubala from his father Subala whose only daughter was Gāndhārī, mother of Duryodhana. Both Śakuni and Gāndhārī were economic experts. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 63). At the time of the marriage proposal of Gāndhārī the fact of the blindness of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, the prospective bride-groom, worried Subala much, but he married his daughter to the blind King considering the great reputation of the royal family. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 109, Verse 11). Other information. (i) Subala, in the company of his sons Śakuni, Acala and Vṛṣaka participated in the Rājasūya performed by Yudhiṣṭhira. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 6).

(ii) After the Rājasūya was over it was Nakula, one of the Pāṇḍavas, who led Subala and his sons beyond the boundaries of the Kingdom safely. (Sabhā Parva Chapter 45, Verse 49). (See full article at Story of Subala from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Subala (सुबल).—A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. His son was a great friend of King Jayadratha. (Vana Parva, Chapter 265, Verse 8).

3) Subala (सुबल).—A son of Garuḍa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 3).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Subala (सुबल).—A prince of Gāndhāra: his daughter was Gāndhārī, and son Śakuni.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 28-29; III. 1. 14; X. 84. 1.

1b) A son of Sumati, and father of Sunītha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 48-49.

1c) A playmate of Kṛṣṇa: wanted to eat the fruits of the palmyra grove then in possession of Dhenuka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 15. 20; 22 31.

1d) A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 115.

1e) A Nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20-54.

1f) Ojasvi of the 14th epoch of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 116.

1g) A son of Dṛḍasena and father of Sunīta.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 8-9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Subala (सुबल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.93, I.63, II.31.6, III.48.25, VI.10.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Subala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of subala in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Subala (सुबल, “beautiful strength”):—One of the six sons of Garuḍa (vehicle of Viṣṇu) and his wife Unnati, according to the Purāṇas. Garuḍa represents the mantras of the Vedas which carry the Lord of Sacrifices.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Subala (सुबल).—The father of Śakuni and Gāndhārī. He was the King of Gāndhāra.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Subala (सुबल).—a. very powerful. (-laḥ) 1 Name of Śiva.

2) Name of the father of Śakuni.

Subala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bala (बल).

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Subāla (सुबाल).—a. very childish.

Subāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bāla (बाल).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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