Arjava, Ārjava: 18 definitions


Arjava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ārjava (आर्जव).—Son of Subala and brother of Śakuni. He was killed by Irāvān son of Arjuna. (Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ārjava (आर्जव).—A pupil of Bāṣkali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ārjava (आर्जव) refers to one of the ten Yamas (disciplines) prescribed for forest dwelling, as mentioned in the the Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra.—The Mānasollāsa verse 9.21-24ab lists thirty Yamas and Niyamas. The Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra (8.4), whose date has been estimated between the fourth and eighth centuries, is the earliest source for a list of twenty Yamas and Niyamas [e.g., ārjava]. These were prescribed to a sage at the forest dwelling (vanāśrama) stage of life.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ārjava (आर्जव, “sincerity”) refers to one of the ten-fold dharma (i.e., Yatidharma) capable of leading across saṃsāra, according to chapter 3.3 [sumatinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Sumatinātha said:—“The sources of pride—youth, power, beauty, etc.—have become subdued from penance, like evil spirits of a sorceror reduced to servitude from the power to summon them. Yatidharma, handed down orally by the Blessed Ones, is the best boat without impediments for crossing the ocean of saṃsāra. [...] Sincerity (ārjava) is straightness in speech, mind and body from overcoming deceit. [...] So the ten-fold dharma, like a spotless wishing-jewel, capable of leading across saṃsāra, is attained in the world by merit”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ārjava (आर्जव) refers to “straightforwardness” (towards deception), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Tolerance of anger and humility towards pride, moreover straightforwardness (ārjava) towards deception [and] abandonment of attachment, these are the enemies of desire respectively. Yogis continually drive away desire and dislike through equanimity or through the state of non-attachment , and they drive away wrong faith through the application of right faith”.

Synonyms: Māyābhāva.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ārjava (आर्जव).—n S Straightness, directness, rectitude, lit. fig.

--- OR ---

ārjava (आर्जव).—n (ārjava S but the ja is dz.) Flattery, adulation, obsequiousness; servile cringing, fawning, praising, beseeching.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ārjava (आर्जव).—n Flattery; fawning. Straight- ness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव).—[ṛjorbhāvaḥ aṇ]

1) Straightness; दूरं यात्युदरं च रोमलतिका नेत्रार्जवं धावति (dūraṃ yātyudaraṃ ca romalatikā netrārjavaṃ dhāvati) S. D.

2) Straightforwardness, rectitude of conduct, uprightness, honesty, sincerity, open-heartedness; आर्जवं कुटिलेषु न नीतिः (ārjavaṃ kuṭileṣu na nītiḥ); अहिंसा क्षान्तिरार्जवं (ahiṃsā kṣāntirārjavaṃ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 13.7;16.1;17.4;18.42. क्षेत्रमार्जवस्य (kṣetramārjavasya) K.45; Bhartṛhari 2.22.

3) Simplicity, humility; कृतानुकारानिव गोभिरार्जवे (kṛtānukārāniva gobhirārjave) Kirātārjunīya 4.13; Mv.5.46.

4) Front (Loc. ārjave straight in the front); देवदत्तस्यार्जवे (devadattasyārjave) ŚB. on MS.1.1.15.

Derivable forms: ārjavam (आर्जवम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव).—name of a cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.154.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव).—n.

(-vaṃ) 1. Straightness. 2. Rectitude, propriety of act or observance. 3. Sincerity. E. ṛju straight, aṇa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव).—i. e. ṛju + a, n. Candour, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 222; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव).—[adjective] straight, honest; [neuter] straightness, rectitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārjava (आर्जव):—mfn. ([from] ṛju [gana] pṛthvādi, [Pāṇini 5-1, 122]), straight

2) honest, sincere, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) m. Name of a teacher, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) n. straightness, straight direction, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) rectitude, propriety of act or observance

6) honesty, frankness, sincerity, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārjava (आर्जव):—(vaṃ) 1. n. Straightness, rectitude natural or moral.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ārjava (आर्जव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ajjava, Ajjavayā, Ajjaviya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arjava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ārjava (ಆರ್ಜವ):—

1) [noun] the state or quality of being honest; honesty a) a refraining from lying, cheating or stealing; a being truthful, trustworthy or upright; b) sincerity; fairness; straightforwardness; c) chastity.

2) [noun] balance of mind; steadfastness.

3) [noun] an observing delightfully of one’s daily rituals.

4) [noun] the state or quality of being humble; absence of pride or self-assertion; humility; humbleness.

5) [noun] a man of rectitude, uprightness or humility.

6) [noun] a following humbly another for favour, protection, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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