Sahi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sahi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Sāhi (साहि) in Prakrit refers to a Shah [shāh], and represents one of the Arabic-Persian words mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—var. pātasāhi: cf. sv

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Ṣāhi (षाहि) is the name of a tribe mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. These tribes (e.g., the Ṣāhis, latin: Shahis) migrated to places other than their original settlemenets and gave their names to the janapadas they settled. They replaced the old Vedic tribes in Punjab and Rajasthan though some of them are deemed as offshoots of the main tribe..

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

It appears that the Hunas were the vassals of the Kushano-Sasanian kings and had only the title of “Shahi” (King) and not “Shahanushahi”(King of Kings). Inscriptions, Gilgit manuscripts and Kalhana’s Rajat arangini indicate that many Shahi kings reigned in North-western India (Kabul and Norhern Pakistan). Historians separated these Shahi kings into two categories, Patola Shahis and Kabul Shahis. But most of them had the title of “Shahi” starting from the reign of the Huna kings. Therefore, Kalhana refers to them only as Shahi kings. Therefore, it is probable that these Shahi kings belonged to the same lineage after Hunas.

Kalhana clearly records that Shahi kingdom collapsed after Trilochanapala due to invasion of Turushkas. Many princes of Shahi kingdom went to Kashmir and became the officials of Kashmir kings.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāhi.—(IE 8-2; EI 30; LL), same as Persian Shāh, Old Persian Kshāyathiya; royal title used by some Indian rulers of foreign origin. Note: sāhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Śāhī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sahi : (aor. of sahati) bore; endured.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahī (सही).—f ( A) The same with saī in its first sense, and with saī ind.

--- OR ---

sāhī (साही).—ind (sāhā Six.) The term used in multiplying unity by six. Ex. ēkē sāhī sāhā. 2 (Poetry.) Six. Ex. kāmakrōdhādi sāhī jaṇa || adhikā- dhika mājilē ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sahī (सही).—or-sahī a That has reached the desired haven.

--- OR ---

sahī (सही).—f Signature.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sahī (सही).—[, Lalitavistara 325.9 (verse), should be printed, sa hī (m.c. for hi): no rāgeṇa sa hī vasāmy ahaṃ na ca doṣaiḥ, Tibetan ṅa ni ḥdod chags zhe sdaṅ lhan cig gnas pa ma yin te, I (emphatic) am not dwelling with desire or hatred. I assume sa…ahaṃ = the common so 'ham of Sanskrit The only alternative would be to em. to sahā, m.c. for saha.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāhi (शाहि).— m. The name of a dynasty, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 154.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāhi (शाहि):—[from śāha] m. Name of a dynasty, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) Sāhi (साहि):—[from sāha] a m. = [preceding] (See candra-, prema-s etc.)

3) b m. = sāha2 (See candra-, prema-, rāma-s etc.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śāhī (शाही):—(a) royal, regal, majestic; used as a suffix to denote a system (as [naukaraśāhī, daphtaraśāhī]); liberal.

2) Sahi (सहि):—(a) correct, right; true; accurate; authentic; hence ~[pana; -salāmata] safe and sound, hale and hearty, secure; -[sahī] correct, accurate; true; —[karanā] to sign; to endorse.

3) Sāhī (साही):—(nf) a porcupine; —[kā kāṃṭā] lit. porcupine’s thorn-supposedly causing internecine quarrels in homes where it is planted or thrown.

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