Katha, aka: Kathā, Kaṭha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Katha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Katha in Purana glossaries]

1) Kaṭha (कठ).—Ekārṣeyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 3.

2) Kathā (कथा).—Of Kāma and Keśava to be narrated in madanadvādaśīvrata.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 14.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

[Katha in India history glossaries]

Kathā (कथा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Stein has rightly changed Kathā of the Nīlamata into Abhayā, on the basis of Gaṅgodbheda Māhātmya. Identifying Gaṅgodbheda, he says, “In the ancient tank filled by the spring of Buḍabrār, we recognise, thus clearly the sacred basin of the Gaṅgodbheda and in the little spring which drains it on the east, the sin-removing stream of Abhayā”.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Katha in Pali glossaries]

kathā : (f.) speech; story; talk.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kathā, (f.) (fr. kath to tell or talk, see katheti; nearest synonym is lap, cp. vāc’âbhilāpa & sallāpa) 1. talk, talking, conversation A. I, 130; PvA. 39. So in antarā° D. I, 179; Sn. p. 107, 115; cp. sallāpa. Also in tiracchāna° low, common speech, comprising 28 kinds of conversational talk a bhikkhu should not indulge in, enumd in full at D. I, 7=178=III, 36 & passim (e.g. S. V, 419: corr. suddha° to yuddha°!; A. V, 128=Nd2 192); ref. to at A. III, 256; V, 185; J. I, 58; Pug. 35. Similarly in gāma° Sn. 922; viggāhikā k. A. IV, 87; Sn. 930. Ten good themes of conversation (kathā-vatthūni) are enumd at M. III, 113=A. III, 117=IV. 357=V. 67; Miln. 344; similarly dhammī kathā A. II, 51; IV, 307; V, 192; Sn. 325; pavattanī k. A. I, 151; yutta kathāyaṃ Sn. 826; sammodanīyā k. in salutation formula s°ṃ k°ṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā D. I, 52, 108, etc.; A. V, 185; Sn. 419, pp. 86, 93, 107, 116.—2. speech, sermon, discourse, lecture Vin. I, 203, 290 (°ṃ karoti to discuss); A. III, 174; IV, 358. Freq. in anupubbi° a sermon in regular succession, graduated sermon, discussing the 4 points of the ladder of “holiness, ” viz. dānakathā, sīla°, sagga°, magga° (see anupubba) Vin. I, 15; A. III, 184; IV, 186, 209, 213; DhA. I, 6; VvA. 66.—3. a (longer) story, often with vitthāra° an account in detail, e.g. PvA. 19. bāhira° profane story KhA 48.—4. word, words, advice: °ṃ gaṇhāti to accept an advice J. II, 173; III, 424.—5. explanation, exposition, in aṭṭha° (q. v.), cp. gati° Ps. II, 72.—6. discussion, in °vatthu (see below) Mhvs 5, 138. —dukkathā harmful conversation or idle talk A. III, 181; opp. su° A. III, 182. —kathaṃ vaḍḍheti “to increase the talk, ” to dispute sharply J. I, 404; V, 412. °ṃ samuṭṭhāpeti to start a conversation J. I, 119; IV, 73.—At the end of cpds. (as adj.) °kathā e.g. chinna° Sn. 711; ṭhita° DA. I, 73; madhura° J. III, 342; VI, 255.

—âbhiññāṇa recollection due to speech Miln. 78, 79. —ojja (k°-udya, to vad) a dispute, quarrel Sn. 825, 828. —dhamma a topic of conversation DA. I, 43. —nigghosa the sound of praise, flattery J. II, 350. —pavatti the course of a conversation J. I, 119; DhA. I, 249; Mhbv 61. —pābhata subject of a conversation, story J. I, 252, 364. —bāhulla abundance of talk, loquacity A. IV, 87. —magga narrative, account, history J. I, 2. —rasa the sweetness of (this) speech Miln. 345. —vatthu 1. subject of a discourse or discussion, argument M. I, 372; II, 127, 132. There are 10 enumd at A. IV, 352, 357 (see kathā) and at Vism. 19 as qualities of a kalyāṇa-mitta, referred to at A. V, 67, 129; Vism. 127; DhA. IV, 30. Three are given at D. III, 220=A. I, 197. °kusala well up in the subjects of discussion VvA. 354.—2. N. of the fifth book of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka, the seven constituents of which are enumd at var. places (e.g. DA. I, 17; Mhbv 94, where Kvu takes the 3rd place), see also J. P. T. S. 1882, 1888, 1896. —samuṭṭhāna the arising of a discussion Mhvs 5, 138. —samuṭṭhāpana starting a conversation J. I, 119; III, 278; DhA. I, 250. —sampayoga conversational intercourse A. I, 197. —sallāpa talk, conversation Vin. I, 77; D. I, 89 sq. , 107 sq.; II, 150; M. I, 178; A. II, 197; V, 188; Ud. 40; J. II, 283; Miln. 31; DA. I, 276 (expld as kathanapaṭikathana); DhA. II, 91 (°ṃ karoti) VvA. 153. (Page 184)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Katha in Marathi glossaries]

kathā (कथा).—f (S) A feigned story; a tale, fable, apologue. 2 A legend of the exploits of some god related with music and singing, and with embellishing marvels invented at the moment;--forming a public entertainment. 3 Used in the sense of importance, weight, significance; as tyācī kathā kāya Of what account is he? See similar words under kimata. 4 S Speech, saying, telling. kathā hōṇēṃ g. of s. To live only in story; to be as a tale that is told; fuit Ilium. kathēcī gati The course of a narrative or story. Ex. jēvhāṃ kathēcī gati hē vadāvī || dhanuṣya bhaṅgī rasaraudra dāvī ||

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kāṭha (काठ) [or कांठ, kāṇṭha].—m Border, side, verge, edge, margin: also edge, rim, brim, encircling portion (of a dish, pitcher, hat &c.): also shore, coast, adjoining land (of the sea or a river). 2 A flowered or an ornamental border (of a garment). kāṇṭha kōṇā mōjaṇēṃ To survey closely; to examine with rigorous minuteness. kāṇṭhāvara basaṇēṃ (The falling of the stroke upon the edge of the pakhavāja, and thus the occurring of a cracked or flat sound.) To be spoiled, marred, dished, squashed, ruined--a business or matter. Used impers. as hyācyā kāṇṭhāvara basalī--cōpa, kāḍī, or some feminine noun being understood. kāṇṭhāvara māraṇēṃ To spoil, marr, dish &c.

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kāthā (काथा).—m The fibrous integuments of the cocoanut soaked, beaten, and drawn out, coir. 2 Cord or rope made of it. 3 The fibres covering the surface of the suramāḍa 4 Applied laxly to the fibres of a stringy mango. kāthā kuṭaṇēṃ To make fruitless discussion or empty chat.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kathā (कथा).—f A tale. A legend of the exploits of some god, related with music and singing. Weight. Ex. (tyācī) kathā kāya? Of what significance or importance? –meaning worthless.

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kāṭha (काठ).—m Border, verge, edge. Shore. kāṇṭha kōṇā mōjaṇēṃ Survey closely, exa- mine with rigorous minuteness.

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kāthā (काथा).—m Coir. Rope made of it.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Katha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kaṭha (कठ).—1 Name of a sage, pupil of Vaiśampāyana, teacher of that branch of Yajurveda which is called after him.

2) A Brāhmaṇa.

3) A note or simple sound.

4) A kind of ṛk.

-ṭhāḥ The follower of that sage. के सव्रह्यचारिणोस्येति । कठाः (ke savrahyacāriṇosyeti | kaṭhāḥ) | Mbh. on P.II.2.24.

-ṭhī 1 A female follower of Kaṭha. कठी वृन्दारिका कठवृन्दारिका (kaṭhī vṛndārikā kaṭhavṛndārikā) Mbh. on P.VI.3.42.

2) The wife of a Brāhmaṇa.

Derivable forms: kaṭhaḥ (कठः).

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Kathā (कथा).—[kath ni° a]

1) A tale, story; °प्रावीण्यम् (prāvīṇyam) U.4. historical knowledge.

2) A fable, feigned story; कथाच्छलेन बालानां नीतिस्तदिह कथ्यते (kathācchalena bālānāṃ nītistadiha kathyate) H. Pr.8.

3) An account, allusion, mention; कथापि खलु पापानामलमश्रेयसे यतः (kathāpi khalu pāpānāmalamaśreyase yataḥ) Śi.2. 4.

4) Talk, conversation, speech; प्रथमं कृतां कथाम् (prathamaṃ kṛtāṃ kathām) Ś. 4.1.

5) A variety of prose composition, often distinguished from आख्यायिका (ākhyāyikā); (prabandhakalpanāṃ stokasatyāṃ prājñāḥ kathāṃ viduḥ | paraṃparāśrayā yā syāt sā matākhyāyikā budhaiḥ ||); see under आख्यायिका (ākhyāyikā) also.

6) (In phil.) Disputation. का कथा (kā kathā) or कथा (kathā) with प्रति (prati) (what mention) is often used in the sense of 'what need one say of', 'not to mention', 'to say nothing of', 'how much more', or 'how much less'; का कथा बाणसंधाने ज्याशब्देनैव दूरतः । हुंकारेणेव धनुषः स हि विघ्नानपोहति (kā kathā bāṇasaṃdhāne jyāśabdenaiva dūrataḥ | huṃkāreṇeva dhanuṣaḥ sa hi vighnānapohati) Ś.3.1; अभितप्तमयोऽपि मार्दवं भजते कैव कथा शरीरिषु (abhitaptamayo'pi mārdavaṃ bhajate kaiva kathā śarīriṣu) R.8.43; आप्तवागनुमानाभ्भ्यां साध्यं त्वां प्रति का कथा (āptavāganumānābhbhyāṃ sādhyaṃ tvāṃ prati kā kathā) 1.28; Ve.2.25.

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Kāṭha (काठ).—A rock, stone.

Derivable forms: kāṭhaḥ (काठः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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