Ha; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Ha (ह).—Representation of the consonant हू () with अ (a) added for facility of pronunciation;

2) Ha.—A technical term for the internal effort between विवृत (vivṛta) and संवृत (saṃvṛta), which causes घोष (ghoṣa) in the consonants; cf. संवृतविवृतयोर्मध्ये मध्यमप्रक्रारे यः शब्दः क्रियते स हकारसंज्ञो भवति। संज्ञायाः प्रयेजनं (saṃvṛtavivṛtayormadhye madhyamaprakrāre yaḥ śabdaḥ kriyate sa hakārasaṃjño bhavati| saṃjñāyāḥ prayejanaṃ) 'हकारो हचतुर्थेषु (hakāro hacaturtheṣu)' इति (iti) (तै (tai). प्रा (prā). २/९)। (|) Tribhasyaratna on T.Pr. II.6;

3) Ha.—Name of an external effort causing घोष (ghoṣa); cf. सांप्रतिके प्रकृतिस्थे कण्ठे सति हृकारो नाम बाह्यः प्रयत्नः क्रियते । तेन च व्यञ्जनेषु घोषो जायते। (sāṃpratike prakṛtisthe kaṇṭhe sati hṛkāro nāma bāhyaḥ prayatnaḥ kriyate | tena ca vyañjaneṣu ghoṣo jāyate|) Vaidikabharana on T.Pr. II.6;

4) Ha.—Name of a kind of external effort of the type of अनुप्रदान (anupradāna) found in the utterance of the consonant (ह् (h)) and the fourth class-consonants; cf. हकारौ हृचतुर्थेषु (hakārau hṛcaturtheṣu) T.Pr.II.9.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ha (ह).—The thirty-third consonant. It corresponds with H.

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hā (हा).—pron (idam S) He; or this (person or thing expressed by a word of the masculine gender). 2 There is a striking use of this pronoun in order to convey the impression of instantaneity, or superlative briefness of time, or extreme celerity of action. Ex. tumhī puḍhēṃ calā hā mī māgūna yētōṃ; i. e. This very I (unaffected by the lapse even of a moment, the very identical composition now before you) will rejoin you; mī hāca ālōṃ, mī hāca yēīna &c. I am returned the very person that left you; i. e. I am back in a trice. The word is declinable. 3 An interjection of hasty prohibition or menacing repression. 4 interj (S) Alas! ha! ah!

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ha (ह).—The thirty-third consonant.

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hā (हा).—pro He, or this. interj Alas! ha! ah! An interjection of prohibition. Used to indicate instantaneity, as tumhī calā hā mī māgūna yētōṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ha (ह).—ind. An emphatic particle used to lay stress on the preceding word and translateable by 'verily', 'indeed', 'certainly', &c.; but it is often used expletively without any particular signification, especially in Vedic literature; तस्य ह शतं जाया बभूवुः (tasya ha śataṃ jāyā babhūvuḥ); तस्य ह पर्वतनारदौ गृह उषतुः (tasya ha parvatanāradau gṛha uṣatuḥ) &c. Ait. Br.; द्वया ह प्राजापत्या देवाश्चासुराश्च (dvayā ha prājāpatyā devāścāsurāśca) Bṛ. Up.1.3.1. It is sometimes used as a vocative particle and rarely of disdain or laughter.

-haḥ 1 A form of Śiva.

2) Water.

3) Sky.

4) Blood.

5) A cipher.

6) Meditation.

7) Auspiciousness.

8) Paradise.

9) Heaven.

1) Drying.

11) Fear.

12) Knowledge.

13) The moon.

14) Name of Viṣṇu.

15) War, battle.

16) A horse.

17) Pride.

18) Horripilation.

19) A physician.

2) Cause, motive.

-ham 1 The Supreme Spirit.

2) Pleasure, delight.

3) A weapon.

4) The sparkling of a gem.

5) The sound of a lute (-m. also according to some in these senses).

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Hā (हा).—ind. A particle expressing

1) Grief, dejection, pain, as expressed by 'ah', 'alas!', 'woe me', in English; हा प्रिये जानकि (hā priye jānaki) U.3; हा हा देवि स्फुटति हृदयम् (hā hā devi sphuṭati hṛdayam) U.3.38; हा पितः क्वासि हे सुभ्रु (hā pitaḥ kvāsi he subhru) Bk.6.11; हा वत्से मालति क्वासि (hā vatse mālati kvāsi) Māl.1 &c.; (in this sense is often used with the acc. of person; hā kṛṣṇābhaktam Sk.).

2) Surprise; हा कथं महाराज- दशरथस्य धर्मदाराः प्रियसखीं मे कौसल्या (hā kathaṃ mahārāja- daśarathasya dharmadārāḥ priyasakhīṃ me kausalyā) U.4.

3) Anger or reproach.

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Hā (हा).—I. 3 Ā. (jihīte, hāna; pass. hāyate; desid. jihāsate)

1) To go, move; जिहीथा विख्यातां स्फुटमिह भवद्बान्धवरथम् (jihīthā vikhyātāṃ sphuṭamiha bhavadbāndhavaratham) H. D.28; Ki.13.23; Nalod.1.38.

2) To get, attain. -II. 3 P. (jahāti, hīna)

1) To leave, abandon, quit, give up, forsake, relinquish, dismiss; मूढ जहीहि धनागम- तृष्णां कुरु तनुबुद्धे मनसि वितृष्णाम् (mūḍha jahīhi dhanāgama- tṛṣṇāṃ kuru tanubuddhe manasi vitṛṣṇām) Moha M.1; सा स्त्रीस्वभावाद- सहा भरस्य तयोर्द्वयोरेकतरं जहाति (sā strīsvabhāvāda- sahā bharasya tayordvayorekataraṃ jahāti) Mu.4.13; R.5.72;8.52; 12.24;14.61,87;15.59; Ś.4.14; बुद्धिर्युक्तो जहातीह उभे सुकृतदुष्कृते (buddhiryukto jahātīha ubhe sukṛtaduṣkṛte) Bg.2.5; Bk.3.53;5.91;1.71;2. 1; Me.51,62; Bv.2.129; Ṛs.1.38.

2) To resign, forego.

3) To let fall.

4) To omit, disregard, neglect.

5) To remove.

6) To avoid, shun. -Pass. (hīyate)

1) To be left or forsaken; भिन्नतिमिरनिकरं न जहे शशिरश्मि- संगमयुजा नभः श्रिया (bhinnatimiranikaraṃ na jahe śaśiraśmi- saṃgamayujā nabhaḥ śriyā) Ki.12.12.

2) To be excluded from, be deprived of, lose (with instr. or abl.); विरूपाक्षो जहे प्राणैः (virūpākṣo jahe prāṇaiḥ) Bk.14.35; जनयित्वा सुतं तस्यां ब्राह्मण्यादेव हीयते (janayitvā sutaṃ tasyāṃ brāhmaṇyādeva hīyate) Ms.3. 17;5.161;9.211.

3) To be deficient or wanting in; usually with परि (pari) q. v.; धैर्य यस्य न हीयते (dhairya yasya na hīyate) Pt.1.13.

4) To diminish, decrease, decay, decline, wane (fig. also); प्रवृद्धो हीयते चन्द्रः समुद्रोऽपि तथाविधः (pravṛddho hīyate candraḥ samudro'pi tathāvidhaḥ) R.17.71; H. Pr.42.

5) To fail (as in a low-suit); भूतमप्यनुपन्यस्तं हीयते व्यवहारतः (bhūtamapyanupanyastaṃ hīyate vyavahārataḥ) Y.2.19.

6) To be left out or omitted.

7) To be weakened. -Caus. (hāpayati-te)

1) To cause to leave, abandon &c.

2) To drive away, expel.

3) To lose.

4) To neglect, omit, delay the performance of; द्रुतमेतु न हापयिष्यते सदृशं तस्य विधातुमुत्तरम् (drutametu na hāpayiṣyate sadṛśaṃ tasya vidhātumuttaram) Śi.16.33; Ms.3.71; 4.21; Y.1.121. -Desid. (jihāsati) To wish to leave &c.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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