Svaka, Shvaka, Śvaka: 13 definitions


Svaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvaka can be transliterated into English as Svaka or Shvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Svaka (स्वक) refers to “intrinsically inherent (properties)”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Just as the salty taste intrinsically inherent (svaka) [in salt,] is effortlessly obtained from a salty substance, so gnosis of Brahma [in the form of] cessation [which is intrinsically inherent in the mind] is effortlessly [obtained] from the mind. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of svaka in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Svaka (स्वक) refers to “one’s own (action)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (223) Respected or not respected, we will become like the Mount Sumeru, and unsullied by the world, we will become the leaders of the world. (224) When we hear the reproach of corrupted monks, we will take heed to our action (karman-svaka) lest their action bear its fruit. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of svaka in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svaka (स्वक).—a S Own, proper, peculiar.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svaka (स्वक).—a Own, proper, peculiar.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of svaka in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvaka (श्वक).—A wolf.

Derivable forms: śvakaḥ (श्वकः).

--- OR ---

Svaka (स्वक).—a. One's own, own.

-kaḥ A relation, friend.

-kam One's own property.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—(m) (?) (compare s.v. svayaṃ), (1) according to Senart = Sanskrit svayam, (one)self, in Mahāvastu iii.126.9, 10; the crow-king Supātra's minister speaks: (if I cannot fulfil the king's command, and steal food from the kitchen of the king of Benares) na puruṣakārakaṃ bhavati (here mss. punctuate) asmākaṃ, gacchāmi svakaṃ rājño Supātrasya nivedituṃ (so Senart, but mss. °trasya kāke, or kāka-, niveditaṃ), mahārāja atra svakaṃ (so Senart em., mss. sekā) mahāna- sāto rājabhojanaṃ ānemi.The passage seems to me too uncertain to justify confidence in the em. (which might be explained as hyper-Sanskrit for svayaṃ, interpreted as having Pktic y for k, § 2.33). In the first line the orig. may have been svakaṃ…niveditaṃ (with mss.); (2) in Lalitavistara 237.16 (verse) Lefm. mahya saṃjñi svakam eva vartate, which might be rendered my own self (assuming svakam = ātmā) is having the idea (that you will become like the Highest of Men). But best mss. have saṃjñā for saṃjñi; meter will be satisfied by saṃjña, and we could interpret svaka-m-eva, with hiatus-bridging m; then, my very own notion is… In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 112.8 (verse) read probably with Nepalese mss. pitā svakasya, his own father; svakasya = Sanskrit svasya = ātmanaḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Own, proper, peculiar. E. sva as above, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—[sva + ka], adj., f. , Own, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 203.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—(poss. refl.) = [preceding]; [masculine] relative, friend; [neuter] wealth, property.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaka (श्वक):—[from śvan] m. a wolf, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

2) Svaka (स्वक):—[from sva] mf(akā or ikā)n. = sva1, one’s own, my own etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. one of one’s own people, a relation, kinsman, friend

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] one’s own people, friends, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. one’s own goods property, wealth, riches, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaka (श्वक):—(i, ṅa) śvaṃkate 1. d. To go.

2) Svaka (स्वक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Own.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svaka (स्वक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saga, Saha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of svaka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: