Svaka, Shvaka, Śvaka: 12 definitions
Svaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śvaka can be transliterated into English as Svaka or Shvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Svaka (स्वक) refers to “one’s own (action)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (223) Respected or not respected, we will become like the Mount Sumeru, and unsullied by the world, we will become the leaders of the world. (224) When we hear the reproach of corrupted monks, we will take heed to our action (karman-svaka) lest their action bear its fruit. [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
svaka (स्वक).—a S Own, proper, peculiar.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
svaka (स्वक).—a Own, proper, peculiar.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śvaka (श्वक).—A wolf.
Derivable forms: śvakaḥ (श्वकः).
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Svaka (स्वक).—a. One's own, own.
-kaḥ A relation, friend.
-kam One's own property.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Svaka (स्वक).—(m) (?) (compare s.v. svayaṃ), (1) according to Senart = Sanskrit svayam, (one)self, in Mahāvastu iii.126.9, 10; the crow-king Supātra's minister speaks: (if I cannot fulfil the king's command, and steal food from the kitchen of the king of Benares) na puruṣakārakaṃ bhavati (here mss. punctuate) asmākaṃ, gacchāmi svakaṃ rājño Supātrasya nivedituṃ (so Senart, but mss. °trasya kāke, or kāka-, niveditaṃ), mahārāja atra svakaṃ (so Senart em., mss. sekā) mahāna- sāto rājabhojanaṃ ānemi.The passage seems to me too uncertain to justify confidence in the em. (which might be explained as hyper-Sanskrit for svayaṃ, interpreted as having Pktic y for k, § 2.33). In the first line the orig. may have been svakaṃ…niveditaṃ (with mss.); (2) in Lalitavistara 237.16 (verse) Lefm. mahya saṃjñi svakam eva vartate, which might be rendered my own self (assuming svakam = ātmā) is having the idea (that you will become like the Highest of Men). But best mss. have saṃjñā for saṃjñi; meter will be satisfied by saṃjña, and we could interpret svaka-m-eva, with hiatus-bridging m; then, my very own notion is… In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 112.8 (verse) read probably with Nepalese mss. pitā svakasya, his own father; svakasya = Sanskrit svasya = ātmanaḥ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Own, proper, peculiar. E. sva as above, kan added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svaka (स्वक).—[sva + ka], adj., f. kā, Own, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 203.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svaka (स्वक).—(poss. refl.) = [preceding]; [masculine] relative, friend; [neuter] wealth, property.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śvaka (श्वक):—[from śvan] m. a wolf, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]
2) Svaka (स्वक):—[from sva] mf(akā or ikā)n. = sva1, one’s own, my own etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] m. one of one’s own people, a relation, kinsman, friend
4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] one’s own people, friends, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] n. one’s own goods property, wealth, riches, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śvaka (श्वक):—(i, ṅa) śvaṃkate 1. d. To go.
2) Svaka (स्वक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Own.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+21): Shvakantaka, Shvakarna, Svakala, Svakale, Svakalpa, Svakalpavidhi, Svakalpita, Svakambala, Svakambila, Svakamin, Svakamini, Svakampana, Svakapolakalpane, Svakapolakalpita, Svakara, Svakarakara, Svakarana, Svakari, Svakarmaja, Svakarmakrit.
Full-text: Saga, Svika, Ashvaka, Svakasvaka, Matarishvaka, Saha, Kuvalashva, Parshvika, Karmasvaka, Pratichada, Svakiya, Pariparshvika, Anyatamaka, Yeva, Pratyuddharati, Matri, Vijita, Cankrama, Chorayati.
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