Svaka, Shvaka, Śvaka: 8 definitions

Introduction

Svaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvaka can be transliterated into English as Svaka or Shvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svaka (स्वक).—a S Own, proper, peculiar.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svaka (स्वक).—a Own, proper, peculiar.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of svaka in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvaka (श्वक).—A wolf.

Derivable forms: śvakaḥ (श्वकः).

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Svaka (स्वक).—a. One's own, own.

-kaḥ A relation, friend.

-kam One's own property.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—(m) (?) (compare s.v. svayaṃ), (1) according to Senart = Sanskrit svayam, (one)self, in Mahāvastu iii.126.9, 10; the crow-king Supātra's minister speaks: (if I cannot fulfil the king's command, and steal food from the kitchen of the king of Benares) na puruṣakārakaṃ bhavati (here mss. punctuate) asmākaṃ, gacchāmi svakaṃ rājño Supātrasya nivedituṃ (so Senart, but mss. °trasya kāke, or kāka-, niveditaṃ), mahārāja atra svakaṃ (so Senart em., mss. sekā) mahāna- sāto rājabhojanaṃ ānemi.The passage seems to me too uncertain to justify confidence in the em. (which might be explained as hyper-Sanskrit for svayaṃ, interpreted as having Pktic y for k, § 2.33). In the first line the orig. may have been svakaṃ…niveditaṃ (with mss.); (2) in Lalitavistara 237.16 (verse) Lefm. mahya saṃjñi svakam eva vartate, which might be rendered my own self (assuming svakam = ātmā) is having the idea (that you will become like the Highest of Men). But best mss. have saṃjñā for saṃjñi; meter will be satisfied by saṃjña, and we could interpret svaka-m-eva, with hiatus-bridging m; then, my very own notion is… In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 112.8 (verse) read probably with Nepalese mss. pitā svakasya, his own father; svakasya = Sanskrit svasya = ātmanaḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Own, proper, peculiar. E. sva as above, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—[sva + ka], adj., f. , Own, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 203.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaka (स्वक).—(poss. refl.) = [preceding]; [masculine] relative, friend; [neuter] wealth, property.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaka (श्वक):—[from śvan] m. a wolf, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

2) Svaka (स्वक):—[from sva] mf(akā or ikā)n. = sva1, one’s own, my own etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. one of one’s own people, a relation, kinsman, friend

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] one’s own people, friends, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. one’s own goods property, wealth, riches, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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