Parva; 4 Definition(s)


Parva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

Parva means 'episode'. In the Mahabharata they are translated as Books. (the eighteen parva's/books of the Mahabharata).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Itihasa
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Parva (पर्व).—1. Time of conjunction or opposition of the Sun and the Moon. 2. Full Moon or the new Moon tithi. 3. An eclipse of the Sun and the Moon. Note: Parva is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

parva (पर्व).—n (S) A common term for particular periods of the year (as the equinoxes, solstices &c.) on which particular ceremonies are commanded, and high degrees of merit are ascribed to obedience; a holy day or festival. 2 A name given to certain days in the lunar month; as the full and change of the moon, and the 6th, 8th, and 10th of each half-month. 3 The moment of the sun's entering a new sign. 4 A conjuncture or juncture; an opportune period. 5 fig. The time or season of any very general practice, of overflowing abundance &c.; the reign, meridian, heyday, zenith, prime, plenitude. 6 A joint or articulation. 7 A division or section of a book, containing several adhyāya or chapters. parva cukaṇēṃ-ṭaḷaṇēṃ &c. To have an opportunity slip from one. parva sādhaṇēṃ-gāṇṭhaṇēṃ &c. To form or to hit an opportunity.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parva (पर्व).—n A holy day or festival. A name given to certain days in the lunar month. The moment of the sun's en- tering a new sign. A conjuncture or juncture. Fig. The time or season of any very general practice, the reign, prime. A joint or articulation. A division or section of a book, con- taining several adhyāya or chapters. parva cukaṇēṃ-ṭaḷaṇēṃ &c. To have an opportunity slip from one. parva sādhaṇē-gāṇṭhaṇēṃ &c. To hit an opportunity.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 2767 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Parvanāḍī (पर्वनाडी).—The nāḍīs of the full Moon or new Moon tithi (also called parva) which ar...
Mṛgasvapnodbhavaparva (मृगस्वप्नोद्भवपर्व).—A subsidiary Parva of the Vana Parva of Mahābhārata...
Hidimbavadhaparva (हिदिम्बवधपर्व).—A sub Parva of Ādi Parva. (Ādi Parva, Chapters 151-155 form ...
Mārkaṇḍeyasamasyāparva (मार्कण्डेयसमस्यापर्व).—A sub-Parva of the Vana Parva of Mahābhārata. Th...
Yānasandhiparva (यानसन्धिपर्व).—A subdivision of Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva. Chapters 47-71 of U...
Mokṣadharmaparva (मोक्षधर्मपर्व).—A sub-divisional Parva of Śānti Parva. It contains the chapte...
Pativratāmāhātmyaparva (पतिव्रतामाहात्म्यपर्व).—A subsidiary Parva of Vana Parva of Mahābhārata...
Pratijñāparva (प्रतिज्ञापर्व).—A sub-divisional Parva of Droṇa-Parva. This comprises chapters 7...
Pāṇḍavapraveśaparva (पाण्डवप्रवेशपर्व).—A sub-divisional Parva of Virāṭa Parva. This includes c...
Rājasūyaparva (राजसूयपर्व).—A sub-Parva of Sabhā Parva. (Chapters 33-35).
Nārāyaṇāstramokṣaparva (नारायणास्त्रमोक्षपर्व).—A sub parva of Droṇa Parva comprising of Chapte...
Gadāparva (गदापर्व).—A sub-parva of Śalya Parva in Mahābhārata. (See Mahābhārata).
Bhīṣmasvargārohaṇaparva (भीष्मस्वर्गारोहणपर्व).—A sub division of Anuśāsana Parva. Chapters 167...
Śrīmadbhagavadgītāparva (श्रीमद्भगवद्गीतापर्व).—A sub-division of Bhīṣma Parva in Mahābhārata. ...
Digvijayaparva (दिग्विजयपर्व).—A sub-division of the Sabhā Parva of Mahābhārata. It comprises o...

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