Parva: 9 definitions

Introduction

Parva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Itihasa

Parva means 'episode'. In the Mahabharata they are translated as Books. (the eighteen parva's/books of the Mahabharata).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Parva (पर्व).—1. Time of conjunction or opposition of the Sun and the Moon. 2. Full Moon or the new Moon tithi. 3. An eclipse of the Sun and the Moon. Note: Parva is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parva (पर्व).—n (S) A common term for particular periods of the year (as the equinoxes, solstices &c.) on which particular ceremonies are commanded, and high degrees of merit are ascribed to obedience; a holy day or festival. 2 A name given to certain days in the lunar month; as the full and change of the moon, and the 6th, 8th, and 10th of each half-month. 3 The moment of the sun's entering a new sign. 4 A conjuncture or juncture; an opportune period. 5 fig. The time or season of any very general practice, of overflowing abundance &c.; the reign, meridian, heyday, zenith, prime, plenitude. 6 A joint or articulation. 7 A division or section of a book, containing several adhyāya or chapters. parva cukaṇēṃ-ṭaḷaṇēṃ &c. To have an opportunity slip from one. parva sādhaṇēṃ-gāṇṭhaṇēṃ &c. To form or to hit an opportunity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parva (पर्व).—n A holy day or festival. A name given to certain days in the lunar month. The moment of the sun's en- tering a new sign. A conjuncture or juncture. Fig. The time or season of any very general practice, the reign, prime. A joint or articulation. A division or section of a book, con- taining several adhyāya or chapters. parva cukaṇēṃ-ṭaḷaṇēṃ &c. To have an opportunity slip from one. parva sādhaṇē-gāṇṭhaṇēṃ &c. To hit an opportunity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parva (पर्व).—see parvan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārva (पार्व) or Pārvva.—mfn.

(-rvaḥ-rvī-rvaṃ) Relating to a Parva, a particular day of the month, &c. E. parvan, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parva (पर्व).—[-parva], a substitute for parvan as latter part of a comp. adj., f. , e. g. karkaśa-, One whose (fingers') joints are hard. tri-, Having three knots.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parva (पर्व).—(adj. —°) = parvan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parva (पर्व):—[from parv] in [compound] for van.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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