Parvan: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Parvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Parvan (पर्वन्).—Word, pada; lit. member of a sentence; the word is found used in the sense of पद (pada) in the old Pratisaakhya Literature: cf. अन्तरेण पर्वणी । पर्वशबेदन पदमुच्यते । पदयोर्मध्ये पद आगमो भवति । यथा प्राङ्कसोमः, प्राङ्क्सोमः । (antareṇa parvaṇī | parvaśabedana padamucyate | padayormadhye pada āgamo bhavati | yathā prāṅkasomaḥ, prāṅksomaḥ |) Uvvata on V. Pr. I. 138.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parvan.—(IA 18), used in relation to eclipses. Cf. Koṅkaṇa-vijaya-parvan (EI 33), festival celebrating the conquest of the Koṅkaṇ; an anniversary of the said conquest. (IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: parvan is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parvan (पर्वन्).—n. [pṝ-vanip Uṇ.4.112.] पर्व स्यादुत्सवे ग्रन्थौ प्रस्तावे लक्षणान्तरे (parva syādutsave granthau prastāve lakṣaṇāntare)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ).

1) A knot, joint; मासाश्चार्धमासाश्च पर्वाणि (māsāścārdhamāsāśca parvāṇi); Bṛ. Up.1.1.1. (Sometimes changed to parva at the end of Bah. comp.; as in karkaśāṅguliparvayā R.12.41.) सोऽहं दुर्मायिनस्तेऽद्य वज्रेण शतपर्वणा, शिरो हरिष्ये (so'haṃ durmāyinaste'dya vajreṇa śataparvaṇā, śiro hariṣye) Bhāg.8.11.6; सतामिवापर्वणि मार्गणानाम् (satāmivāparvaṇi mārgaṇānām) Ki.17.29.

2) A limb, member, joint of the body, knuckle.

3) A portion, part, division; ससर्ज च्छायया विद्यां पञ्चपर्वाणमग्रतः (sasarja cchāyayā vidyāṃ pañcaparvāṇamagrataḥ) Bhāg.3.2.18.

4) A book, section (as of the Mahābhārata).

5) The step of a staircase; दिने दिने शैवलवन्त्यधस्तात् सोपानपर्वाणि विमुञ्चदम्भः (dine dine śaivalavantyadhastāt sopānaparvāṇi vimuñcadambhaḥ) R.16.46.

6) A period, fixed time.

7) Particularly, the days of the four changes of the moon; i. e. the eighth and fourteenth day of each half month and the days of the full and new moon.

8) A sacrifice performed on the occasion of a change of the moon; पर्वणि न विचिन्वेत् (parvaṇi na vicinvet) (tulasīm) Tulasī. Up.

9) The day of new or full moon, the day of opposition or conjunction; अपर्वणि ग्रहकलुषेन्दुमण्डला विभावरी कथय कथं भविष्यति (aparvaṇi grahakaluṣendumaṇḍalā vibhāvarī kathaya kathaṃ bhaviṣyati) M.4.15; R.7.33; Ms.4.15; Bh.2.34.

1) An eclipse of the sun or moon; भ्रातः पर्वणि पश्य दानवपतिः शीर्षावशेषी कृतः (bhrātaḥ parvaṇi paśya dānavapatiḥ śīrṣāvaśeṣī kṛtaḥ) Bh.

11) A festival, holiday, an occasion of joy; स्वलंकृतौ बालगजौ पर्वणीव सितेतरौ (svalaṃkṛtau bālagajau parvaṇīva sitetarau) (kṛṣṇarāmau) Bhāg.1.41.41.

12) An opportunity or occasion in general.

13) A particular period of the year (as the equinox, solstice).

14) The moment of the sun's entering a new sign.

15) A moment, instant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parvan (पर्वन्).—nt., also parva, nt. and m. (in mss. some-times written parvata, which is probably a mere corruption; compare s.v. parvata 1, where the same is recorded for parva(n) in meaning joint of a plant; in meaning holiday = AMg. pavva, nt.; compare Sanskrit parvan, day of change of the moon's phases, which was a holiday; hence this more generalized meaning), holiday: Mahāvastu i.232.10 kim idaṃ…parvaṃ (v.l. parva) vā prayogaṃ vā utsavaṃ vā; ii.109.15 (kiṃ) atra nagare parvo 'yaṃ, is today a holiday in this town? and 16 (na adya) kiṃcit parvo na utsavo; iii.57.7 parvaṃ (v.l. parva- taṃ), see Giriyagra-samāja; Avadāna-śataka i.121.10 nagara-parva pratyupasthitam; 302.6 sālabhañjikā nāma parvataṃ (so mss., one perhaps parvanaṃ, dental n; Speyer em. parva; read parvaṇaṃ, n. sg. ? so in next) pratyupasthitam; ii.24.6 parva (mss. parvata[ṃ]), see Girivalgu-samā- gama; 53.9 kasmiṃścit parvaṇy upasthite; 144.14 parva pratyupasthitam; Divyāvadāna 307.20 parva (mss. parvaḥ!) pratyupasthitam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parvan (पर्वन्) or Parvvan.—n.

(-rvaṃ) 1. A knot, a joint in a cane or body, &c. 2. A name given to certain days in the lunar month, as the full and change of the moon, and the 8th and 14th of each half month. 3. Particular periods of the year, as the equinox, solstice, &c. 4. The moment of the sun’s entering a new sign. 5. A festival, a holy day. 6. Opportunity, occasion. 7. A chapter, a book, the division of a work. 8. A moment, an instant. 9. Step of a staircase. E. pṝ to fill or please, Unadi aff. vanip.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parvan (पर्वन्).—i. e. pṛ10 + vant (cf. parus and parvata), n. 1. A knot, a joint in a cane or plant in general, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 413. 2. A joint of the body, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 80. 3. A limb, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 112. 4. A section, a division, especially of a book, Mahābhārata i. ii. etc. 5. The days of the four periodic changes of the moon, particularly the days of conjunction and opposition, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 45. 6. The sacrifice performed at these days. 7. A festival.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parvan (पर्वन्).—[neuter] knot, joint ([especially] of a plant or of the body), limb, member (lit. & [figuratively]), break, division, portion, section ([especially] of a book); period, fixed time ([especially] the 2 or 4 changes of the moon and the Caturmasya festival).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parvan (पर्वन्):—[from parv] n. a knot, joint ([especially] of a cane or other plant cf. parus, but also of the body), limb, member ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a break, pause, division, section ([especially] of a book), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the step of a staircase, [Raghuvaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] a member of a compound, [Prātiśākhya; Nirukta, by Yāska]

5) [v.s. ...] a period or fixed time, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) the Cāturmāsya festival, [???]

7) [v.s. ...] the days of the 4 changes of the moon (id est. the full and change of the m° and the 8th and 14th of each half-month), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a sacrifice performed on the occasion of a change of the moon, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] the day of the moon’s passing the node at its opposition or conjunction, [Varāha-mihira; Sūryasiddhānta; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] the moment of the sun’s entering a new sign, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] any [particular] period of the year (as the equinox, solstice etc.), [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] a division of time e.g. a half-month (24 in a year), [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] a day (360), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] a festival, holiday, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] opportunity, occasion, [ib.]

16) [v.s. ...] a moment, instant, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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