Loshta, Loṣṭa: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Loshta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Loṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Losta or Loshta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) refers to a “clod of earth”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] To question an ignorant man is not unlike begging of a clod of earth at the gate of a city for a gift [i.e., nagaradvāra-loṣṭa]: whatever is truth will finally triumph. One that, after the occurrence of an event, pretends that his prediction already meant so much, and one that wanders away from the subject as well as the person who is proud, having only an imperfect knowledge of the subject shall be rejected by a prince”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) refers to “iron”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—(Cf. Gahvarāntasthā)—Accordingly, “[...] The divine Transmission (krama) should be told (to such a one,) not to (just anybody) one likes. O goddess, one should tell this, in the proper manner, to one for whom pleasure and pain, gold [i.e., kāñcana] and iron [i.e., loṣṭa], friend and foe, nectar and poison are the same and, reflecting on the Transmission, observes all the rules of the renouncer. The liberated Kaula (avadhūta) is the best, middling is the householder and the least is the renouncer (naiṣṭhika). This should be told to one who is fit out of all these three; (and) not to any other: this is the Command in the Kula teaching”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) refers to “mud”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘The excellent Sādhaka [should be] full of sattva, firm, capable of endurance, his mind fixed on [his] mantra, unassailable, of great wisdom, looking impartially (sama) on mud (loṣṭa), stones (aśma) and gold (kāñcana) engaged, regular in [the performance of] oblations, always devoted to recitation and meditation, dexterous in the dispelling of obstacles, firm in [the practice of his] religious observance, calm, pure. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “a lump of earth” (or clay, clod etc.).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) refers to a “lump of earth”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “And one washes a lump of earth (loṣṭa) with water again and again, even a hundred times, then the water obtains dirt [and] it may share dirtiness with the body. If, by chance, this body is cleaned by the waters of the ocean then, being cleaned, in an instant it contaminates even those [waters] also”.

Synonyms: Mṛtpiṇḍa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट).—[luṣ-tan Uṇādi-sūtra 3.93] A clod, a lump of earth; परद्रव्येषु लोष्टवत् यः पश्यति स पश्यति (paradravyeṣu loṣṭavat yaḥ paśyati sa paśyati); समलोष्टकाञ्चनः (samaloṣṭakāñcanaḥ) R.8.21; स लोष्टघातं हतः (sa loṣṭaghātaṃ hataḥ) Mu.2.

-ṣṭam Rust of iron.

Derivable forms: loṣṭaḥ (लोष्टः), loṣṭam (लोष्टम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट).—mn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭaṃ) A lump of earth. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) Rust of iron or iron filings. E. loṣṭ to heap, aff. ac; or to cut, Unadi aff. kta, with change of the radical vowel, suṭ aug.; also with kan added loṣṭaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट).— (for loṣṭra, q. v.), I. m. and n. A clod, a lump of earth, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 3; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 263; 4, 49 (potṣerd?). Ii. n. Rust of iron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट).—[masculine] [neuter] clod of earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Loṣṭa (लोष्ट):—[from loṣṭ] mn. ([probably] connected with √1. ruj; said to be [from] √1. , [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 92]) a lump of earth or clay, clod, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] object serving as a mark, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] n. rust of iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट):—[(ṣṭa;-ṣṭaṃ)] 1. m. n. A clod of earth. n. The rust or filings of iron.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Luṭṭha, Loṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Loshta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Loṣṭa (लोष्ट):—(nm) a lump of clay/earth.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lōṣṭa (ಲೋಷ್ಟ):—[noun] a lump of earth, clay, loam, etc.; a clod.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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