Pramada, Pramāda, Pramadā: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pramada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pramāda (प्रमाद).—Inattention or misunderstanding of reality.

Pramadā (प्रमदा).—Woman, to whom a man becomes madly attached.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pramada (प्रमद).—A son of Vasiṣṭha. He was one of the Saptarṣis of Uttama Manvantara. (6th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pramada (प्रमद).—A son of Vasiṣṭha, and one of the seven sages of the epoch of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 24.

1b) A Dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pramadā (प्रमदा) refers to “passionate women”, of whom a specific gait (gati) has been defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. These gaits are suitable for different characters in a dramatic play (nāṭya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Pramadā (प्रमदा).—A type of gait (gati) for passionate women (pramadā).—Such a Gait will serially include the following sthāna and movements:

The avahittha-sthāna,
the left hand pointing downwards,
the right hand with the kaṭakāmukha gesture placed on the navel,
the right foot raised gracefully up one tāla and thrown on the left one
and simultaneously with that,
the left hand with the latā gesture placed on the navel
and the right side bent,
placing the right hand on the hip,
and the udveṣṭita movement of the left hand,
then the left foot put forward,
the right hand with the latā gesture.

After assuming this sthāna and movement they are to walk five steps with the body slightly bent and the head gracefully held in the udvāhita posture.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pramāda (प्रमाद).—Inadvertance, negligence; cf. प्रमादकृतमाचार्यस्य शक्यमकर्तुम् (pramādakṛtamācāryasya śakyamakartum) M. Bh. on P. IV. 2.70; cf. also अन्ये तु गौरादि-ष्वेतयेः प्रमादपाठमाहुः (anye tu gaurādi-ṣvetayeḥ pramādapāṭhamāhuḥ) Kaiy. of P. I. 1.72. Vart. 4.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Pramadā (प्रमदा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Pramadā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pramāda (प्रमाद, “heedlessness”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pramāda). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Pramāda also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Pramāda (प्रमाद) refers to “carelessness” and represents one of the five classifications of bhoga (objects of enjoyment) according to Cāmuṇḍarāya in his Caritrasāra p. 13. It is related with the bhogopabhoga-vrata ( vow of limitations of objects of daily use). Elaboration of the pramāda aspect of bhoga: “to be avoided in order to eliminate carelessness (pramāda) is alcohol which blurs the distinction between what should bedone and what should not be done”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Pramāda (प्रमाद, “negligence”) refers to one of the five causes of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.1.—What is meant by negligence (pramāda)? Disinterest or indifference in performing one’s duty is negligence. It can also be said as indifference to laudable activities. How many types of negligence are there? Negligence is of fifteen types namely: hearing four types of stories (of women, food, stealing and empire /kings), four passions, and subjects of five sense organs, sleeping and affection. Indifference towards which activities causes flaw of negligence? These are: five attitudes of carefulness (samiti), three attitudes of restraint (gupti), ten religious virtues (daśalakṣaṇa).Which are the purities of the five attitudes of carefulness and three attitudes of restraints? The purities are: purity in reverence-in thought, in speech, in body, in walking, in food accepted, in placing things, in lying down and in sitting.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pramadā (प्रमदा).—f S In amorous composition. A wanton or a beautiful woman; an enchantress: also a woman in general.

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pramāda (प्रमाद).—m S Inadvertence, heedlessness, negligence. 2 Error, inaccuracy, blunder, mistake. 3 Haughtiness. 4 Intoxicating influence, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pramadā (प्रमदा).—f A beautiful woman; an enchant- ress. A woman in general.

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pramāda (प्रमाद).—m Inadvertence, heedlessness. Error, blunder. Haughtiness. Intox- icating influence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pramada (प्रमद).—a.

1) Drunk, intoxicated (fig. also).

2) Impassioned.

3) Careless.

4) Wanton, dissolute.

5) Violent, strong.

-daḥ 1 Joy, pleasure, delight; बिभ्रन्ति यत्र प्रमदाय पुंसाम् (bibhranti yatra pramadāya puṃsām) Śi.3.54;13.2; Māl.9; अप्यमुना न वचोविषयो यः स प्रमदः सहासालसमूहे (apyamunā na vacoviṣayo yaḥ sa pramadaḥ sahāsālasamūhe) Rām. Ch.4.94.

2) The Dhattūra plant.

3) The ankle.

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Pramadā (प्रमदा).—

1) A young handsome woman; अतः समीपे परिणेतुरिष्यते तदप्रियापि प्रमदा स्वबन्धुभिः (ataḥ samīpe pariṇeturiṣyate tadapriyāpi pramadā svabandhubhiḥ) Ś.5.17.

2) A wife or woman in general; असति त्वयि वारुणीमदः प्रमदानामधुना विडम्बना (asati tvayi vāruṇīmadaḥ pramadānāmadhunā viḍambanā) Ku.4.12; R.8.72.

3) The sign virgo of the zodiac.

4) Name of a metre; नजसजला गुरुश्च भवति प्रमदा (najasajalā guruśca bhavati pramadā); V. Ratna.

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Pramāda (प्रमाद).—

1) Carelessness, negligence, inattention, inadvertence, oversight; विजिगीषुमिवानयप्रमादौ (vijigīṣumivānayapramādau) Ki.13.29; ज्ञातुं प्रमादस्खलितं न शक्यम् (jñātuṃ pramādaskhalitaṃ na śakyam) Ś.6.25; विद्यां प्रमादगुणितामिव चिन्तयामि (vidyāṃ pramādaguṇitāmiva cintayāmi) Ch. P.1.

2) Intoxication, drunkenness.

3) (a) Fainting, swoon. (b) Insanity, madness.

4) A mistake, blunder, mistaken judgment; Pt.1.39.

5) An accident, mishap, calamity, danger; अहो प्रमादः (aho pramādaḥ) MāI.3; U.3.

Derivable forms: pramādaḥ (प्रमादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pramada (प्रमद).—nt., (= pramāda 2, q.v.), a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.17 (°dasya); 134.1 (°daṃ, n. sg.).

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Pramadā (प्रमदा).—(m.c. °da), name of an ogress: in Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 23.15 (verse) read, bālisa (or °śa) rākṣasī pramada-saṃjñā.

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Pramāda (प्रमाद).—m., (1) an intoxicating liquor: na pāsyi (fut.) pānaṃ na ca madhu na pramādaṃ (only v.l. °mo- daṃ) Lalitavistara 230.19 (verse); (2) a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7789; 7918 (here cited from Gaṇḍavyūha, which reads pramada, nt., q.v.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramada (प्रमद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Mad, intoxicated, figuratively with passion or literally with liquor. 2. Violent. 3. Careless. 4. Impassioned. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight, rapture. 2. Dhutura, (D. metel.) f.

(-dā) A woman, a hands ome woman. E. pra before, mad mad, drunk, aff. ap .

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Pramadā (प्रमदा).—f.

(-dā) 1. A young handsome woman. 2. A woman in general. 3. The sign Virgo of the Zodiac. E. pra + mad-ap .

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Pramāda (प्रमाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Inadvertence, carelessness, error, inaccuracy, a blunder. 3. Intoxication. 4. Insanity. E. pra before, mad to be mad, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramada (प्रमद).—[pra-mad + a], I. adj., f. . 1. Mad, intoxicated. 2. Impassioned. Ii. m. Joy. Iii. f. A handsome woman, a woman, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 20; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 271.

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Pramāda (प्रमाद).—i. e. pra-mad + a, m. 1. Intoxication. 2. Insanity, distraction, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 51, 5. 3. Inadvertence, carelessness, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 243. 4. Distress, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 61, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramada (प्रमद).—1. [masculine] joy, pleasure, delight.

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Pramada (प्रमद).—2. [adjective] gay, merry, wanton, petulant; [feminine] ā a wanton young woman, woman i.[grammar]

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Pramāda (प्रमाद).—[masculine] drunkenness, intoxication, negligence, carelessness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pramada (प्रमद):—[=pra-mada] [from pra-mand] m. joy, pleasure, delight, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. wanton, dissolute, [Raghuvaṃśa] (also daka, [Nirukta, by Yāska])

3) [v.s. ...] mad, intoxicated, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. the thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the ankle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasiṣṭha and one of the sages under Manu Uttama, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) Pramadā (प्रमदा):—[=pra-madā] [from pra-mada > pra-mand] a (f. See below)

9) [=pra-madā] [from pra-mada > pra-mand] b f. (of da) a young and wanton woman, any woman, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] the sign of the zodiac Virgo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of 2 kinds of metre, [Colebrooke]

12) Pramāda (प्रमाद):—[=pra-māda] [from pra-mand] a m. intoxication, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] madness, insanity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] negligence, carelessness about ([ablative] or [compound]), [Kauśika-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] an error, mistake, [Horace H. Wilson]

16) [v.s. ...] a [particular] high number, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [=pra-māda] b etc. See pra-√mad.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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