Gaccha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gaccha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gachchha.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Gaccha (गच्छ).—In Jainism, a lineage of teachers and pupils. Note: Gaccha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

In Buddhism

Pali

gaccha : (m.) a plant; a shrub.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gaccha, (not=Sk. kaccha, grass-land, as Morris, J.P.T.S. 1893, 16. The passage J.III, 287 stands with gaccha, v. l. kaccha for gaccha at A.IV, 74; g° for k° at Sn.20) a shrub, a bush, usually together with latā, creeper & rukkha, tree, e.g. Nd2 235, Id; J.I, 73; Miln.268; Vism.182 (described on p. 183). With dāya, wood A.IV, 74. puppha° a flowering shrub J.I, 120; khuddaka°-vana a wood of small shrubs J.V, 37.—PvA.274; VvA.301 (-gumba, brushwood, underwood); DhA.I, 171 (-pothana-ṭṭhāna); IV, 78 (-mūla). (Page 239)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Gaccha (गच्छ, “who travel together”), alternatively spelled as Gachchha, is a monastic order, along with lay followers, of the image worshipping Murtipujaka Svetambara sect of Jainism. The term is also used in the Digambara sect. During 1000 to 1300 CE, the Gaccha replaced the kula as basic divisions of community. Kula refers to the subdivisions within the Swetambara Murtipujaka Jain community, established by Vajrasensuri in the first century.

Although some 84 separate gacchas have appeared since the 7th–8th century, only a few have survived. While the gacchas do not differ from one another in matters of doctrine, they do differ on issues of practice, in particular those practices relating to the sacred calendar and to ritual. The various gacchas also trace their descent through different lineages.

(Source): WikiPedia: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gaccha (गच्छ).—m S The number of terms of an A. or G. series.

--- OR ---

gaccha (गच्छ).—n gacchantī f gacchantīcēṃ n (A loose formation from the Sanskrit root gama To go.) Running away; making off; giving leg-bail. v kara & mhaṇa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaccha (गच्छ).—n gacchantī f Running away, making off, giving leg-bail. v kara and mhaṇa.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaccha (गच्छ).—

1) A tree.

2) The period (i. e. number of terms) of a progression (in math.).

Derivable forms: gacchaḥ (गच्छः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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