Gaccha: 10 definitions

Introduction

Gaccha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gachchha.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Gaccha (गच्छ).—In Jainism, a lineage of teachers and pupils. Note: Gaccha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Gaccha (गच्छ, “who travel together”), alternatively spelled as Gachchha, is a monastic order, along with lay followers, of the image worshipping Murtipujaka Svetambara sect of Jainism. The term is also used in the Digambara sect. During 1000 to 1300 CE, the Gaccha replaced the kula as basic divisions of community. Kula refers to the subdivisions within the Swetambara Murtipujaka Jain community, established by Vajrasensuri in the first century.

Although some 84 separate gacchas have appeared since the 7th–8th century, only a few have survived. While the gacchas do not differ from one another in matters of doctrine, they do differ on issues of practice, in particular those practices relating to the sacred calendar and to ritual. The various gacchas also trace their descent through different lineages.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gaccha.—(IA 11; BL), name of particular communities of Jain monks; cf. the eightyfour gacchas of the Jains. Note: gaccha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gaccha : (m.) a plant; a shrub.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gaccha, (not=Sk. kaccha, grass-land, as Morris, J.P.T.S. 1893, 16. The passage J.III, 287 stands with gaccha, v. l. kaccha for gaccha at A.IV, 74; g° for k° at Sn.20) a shrub, a bush, usually together with latā, creeper & rukkha, tree, e.g. Nd2 235, Id; J.I, 73; Miln.268; Vism.182 (described on p. 183). With dāya, wood A.IV, 74. puppha° a flowering shrub J.I, 120; khuddaka°-vana a wood of small shrubs J.V, 37.—PvA.274; VvA.301 (-gumba, brushwood, underwood); DhA.I, 171 (-pothana-ṭṭhāna); IV, 78 (-mūla). (Page 239)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaccha (गच्छ).—m S The number of terms of an A. or G. series.

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gaccha (गच्छ).—n gacchantī f gacchantīcēṃ n (A loose formation from the Sanskrit root gama To go.) Running away; making off; giving leg-bail. v kara & mhaṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaccha (गच्छ).—n gacchantī f Running away, making off, giving leg-bail. v kara and mhaṇa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaccha (गच्छ).—

1) A tree.

2) The period (i. e. number of terms) of a progression (in math.).

Derivable forms: gacchaḥ (गच्छः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaccha (गच्छ).—m.

(-cchaḥ) A tree. E. gam to go, and sa Unadi affix, what goes or grows; also agaccha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaccha (गच्छ):—m. (√gam) a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) the period (number of terms) of a progression, [Āryabhaṭa ii, 20 and [Scholiast or Commentator]] on 19

3) family, race, [Jaina literature]

4) m. [plural] Name of a people ([varia lectio] for kakṣa).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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