Lohitaksha, aka: Lohitākṣa, Lohita-aksha; 16 Definition(s)
Lohitaksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Lohitākṣa can be transliterated into English as Lohitaksa or Lohitaksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to a son born as a result of the blessings of Skanda, according to the Skandapurāṇa 184.108.40.206-179.
2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One of the four attendants (pārṣada / pramatha) given to Guha (Skanda / Kārttikeya) by Brahmā after his coronation as army-chief, according to the Skandapurāṇa 220.127.116.11-37.
3) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One of the epithets of the sun-god (Bhāskara) according to the Skandapurāṇa 18.104.22.168. Accordingly, “(I eulogize) Lohitākṣa at Vārāṇasī, Bṛhanmukha in Gobhilākṣa and the highly lustrous Vṛddhāditya in Pratiṣṭhana in Prayāga”.
Tthe Skandapurāṇa is the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas and narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa
1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One the four Pārṣadas given to Subrahmaṇya by Brahmā. The other three are Nandisena, Ghaṇṭākarṇa and Kumudamālī. (Śloka 24, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).
2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—A sage who was a Ṛtvik in the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. It was this sage who prophesied through a brahmin that the Sarpasatra would never be complete. (Āśramavāsika Parva, Ch 45. Verse 15; Ch 51. Verse 6; Ch 53. Verse 12).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—The Rākṣasa residing in Tatvalam (Atalam, Vāyu-purāṇa.).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 17.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.
The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classicsSource: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—To quote from the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha presenting two vital spots, ūrvi and lohitākṣa: “at the centre of the thighs is the spot called ūrvi; its injury causes emaciation of the thigh from loss of blood. Above the ūrvi, below the angle of the groin and at the root of the thigh is lohitākṣa; its injury causes hemiplegia from loss of blood”. (Vāghbhaṭa 1999, 81)Source: Google Books: Lethal Spots, Vital Secrets: Medicine and Martial Arts in South India
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Paratāla, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Paratāla (also called Varatāla) refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.
2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “having red eyes”) is possibly identified with the son of the śiśumātṛs according to the Āraṇyaparvan (third book of the Mahābhārata) verse 3.10-11. Lohitākṣa is also the name of one of the four attendants (gaṇa/ anucara) of Skanda mentioned in the Śalyaparvan (ninth book of the Mahābhārata) verse 45.22. (source)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..
The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).Source: archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lohitākṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—The Mudrārākṣasa (act III) distinctly mentions Lohitākṣa, the son of the king of the Mālavas:—This shows that there is some difference between Malaya and Mālava in the eyes of the author of the Mudrārākṣasa. But it is undeniable that Malaya was somewhere in the North-West.Source: archive.org: Studies In Indian History And Civilization
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—When Janamejaya was making preparations for it (a snake sacrifice), he learnt from his charioteer Lohitākṣa, who was constructing the sacrificial platform (vedi), being an architect, that a certain Brāhmaṇa would come and prevent the completion of the sacrifice.Source: archive.org: Encylopaedia Of Indian Culture Vol-ii
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “red-eye”) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with lohitākṣa gems.
The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “red eyes”)—“...on that mountain lives a demon named Lohitākṣa (red-yes). He is fierce and he is a killer. And that mountain, which is inhabited by nonhumans, lets loose a dark, black wind that sparks with fire”.Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana, part 1
General definition (in Jainism)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष ) refers to one of the fourteen kinds of gems, according to the Ācārāṅga-sūtra.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.
There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (eg., lohitākṣa) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to the fourth part of the kharakānda of Rayanapabhā (see Sthānāṅga 778 and Sthānāṅga-vṛtti by Abhayadeva). Also known as Lohiyakkha or Lotiyakkha.Source: archive.org: Prakrit Proper Names Part-ii
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
1) a red die.
2) a kind of snake.
3) the (Indian) cuckoo.
4) an eipthet of Viṣṇu. (-kṣam) 1 the armpit, thigh-joint; hip.
Derivable forms: lohitākṣaḥ (लोहिताक्षः), lohitākṣaḥ (लोहिताक्षः).
Lohitākṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms lohita and akṣa (अक्ष). See also (synonyms): lohinyakṣa.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 8 books and stories containing Lohitaksha, Lohitākṣa or Lohita-aksha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 33: Story of the three-footed buffalo < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 19: Description of the memorial caitya < [Chapter VI]
Part 1: The appearance of the Sudarśana cakra < [Chapter IV - Conquest of Bharatavarṣa by Sagara]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 5: Kalpasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)