Lohitaksha, Lohitākṣa, Lohita-aksha: 25 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Lohitaksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Lohitākṣa can be transliterated into English as Lohitaksa or Lohitaksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to a son born as a result of the blessings of Skanda, according to the Skandapurāṇa 1.2.29.175-179.

2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One of the four attendants (pārṣada / pramatha) given to Guha (Skanda / Kārttikeya) by Brahmā after his coronation as army-chief, according to the Skandapurāṇa 1.2.30.28-37.

3) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One of the epithets of the sun-god (Bhāskara) according to the Skandapurāṇa 7.1.139.13. Accordingly, “(I eulogize) Lohitākṣa at Vārāṇasī, Bṛhanmukha in Gobhilākṣa and the highly lustrous Vṛddhāditya in Pratiṣṭhana in Prayāga”.

Tthe Skandapurāṇa is the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas and narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—One the four Pārṣadas given to Subrahmaṇya by Brahmā. The other three are Nandisena, Ghaṇṭākarṇa and Kumudamālī. (Śloka 24, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—A sage who was a Ṛtvik in the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. It was this sage who prophesied through a brahmin that the Sarpasatra would never be complete. (Āśramavāsika Parva, Ch 45. Verse 15; Ch 51. Verse 6; Ch 53. Verse 12).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—The Rākṣasa residing in Tatvalam (Atalam, Vāyu-purāṇa.).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lohitākṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classics

Source: Google Books: Lethal Spots, Vital Secrets: Medicine and Martial Arts in South India

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—To quote from the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha presenting two vital spots, ūrvi and lohitākṣa: “at the centre of the thighs is the spot called ūrvi; its injury causes emaciation of the thigh from loss of blood. Above the ūrvi, below the angle of the groin and at the root of the thigh is lohitākṣa; its injury causes hemiplegia from loss of blood”. (Vāghbhaṭa 1999, 81)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Paratāla, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Paratāla (also called Varatāla) refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

2) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “having red eyes”) is possibly identified with the son of the śiśumātṛs according to the Āraṇyaparvan (third book of the Mahābhārata) verse 3.10-11. Lohitākṣa is also the name of one of the four attendants (gaṇa/ anucara) of Skanda mentioned in the Śalyaparvan (ninth book of the Mahābhārata) verse 45.22. (source)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..

The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (e.g., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Studies In Indian History And Civilization

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—The Mudrārākṣasa (act III) distinctly mentions Lohitākṣa, the son of the king of the Mālavas:—This shows that there is some difference between Malaya and Mālava in the eyes of the author of the Mudrārākṣasa. But it is undeniable that Malaya was somewhere in the North-West.

Source: archive.org: Encylopaedia Of Indian Culture Vol-ii

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—When Janamejaya was making preparations for it (a snake sacrifice), he learnt from his charioteer Lohitākṣa, who was constructing the sacrificial platform (vedi), being an architect, that a certain Brāhmaṇa would come and prevent the completion of the sacrifice.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “red-eye”) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with lohitākṣa gems.

The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana, part 1

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष, “red eyes”)—“...on that mountain lives a demon named Lohitākṣa (red-yes). He is fierce and he is a killer. And that mountain, which is inhabited by nonhumans, lets loose a dark, black wind that sparks with fire”.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष ) refers to one of the fourteen kinds of gems, according to the Ācārāṅga-sūtra.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (e.g., lohitākṣa) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

Source: archive.org: Prakrit Proper Names Part-ii

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to the fourth part of the kharakānda of Rayanapabhā (see Sthānāṅga 778 and Sthānāṅga-vṛtti by Abhayadeva). Also known as Lohiyakkha or Lotiyakkha.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष) refers to a kind of red jewel, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—(cf. Uttarādhyayana 36.76 and Jñāta. 15. P. 34)

Accordingly, “[...] In the broad central part of the great caitya Siṃhaniṣadyā was a large jeweled platform. [...] On the dais were shining jeweled statues of the twenty-four Arhats, beginning with Ṛṣabha Svāmin. The images, having the respective figures, size, and color, were like the Masters in person engaged in śaileṣīdhyāna. Sixteen of these were golden, two were lapis lazuli, two of crystal, two of cat’s eye, and two of ruby. The nails of all of these Arhat-statues were of aṅka with insets of lohitākṣa. [...] The teeth were of crystal, the skulls diamond, the noses gold with insets of lohitākṣa at the end. The eyes were made of aṅka with insets of lohitākṣa at the corners. The statues shone, made of various jewels as described”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lohitaksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—

1) a red die.

2) a kind of snake.

3) the (Indian) cuckoo.

4) an eipthet of Viṣṇu. (-kṣam) 1 the armpit, thigh-joint; hip.

Derivable forms: lohitākṣaḥ (लोहिताक्षः), lohitākṣaḥ (लोहिताक्षः).

Lohitākṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms lohita and akṣa (अक्ष). See also (synonyms): lohinyakṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—red-eye, (1) (name of a gem, not in Sanskrit dictionaries, but occurs in Pūrṇabhadra's Pañc., Hertel, 1, verse 67, and see Finot, Lapidaires indiens 137; also AMg. lohiyakkha: Mahāvastu ii.311.2; 318.3;) (2) name of a rākṣasa: Divyāvadāna 119.21; 122.26 (here called a mahāyakṣa); (3) name of a maharṣi: Mahā-Māyūrī 256.27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣī-kṣaṃ) Red-eyed. m.

(-kṣaḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. The Kokila or Indian cuckoo. 3. A kind of snake. E. lohita red, and akṣa for akṣi the eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—adj. red-eyed.

Lohitākṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms lohita and akṣa (अक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष).—[feminine] ī red-eyed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष):—[from lohita > loha] a m. a red die (used in gaming), [Mahābhārata 2.]

2) [v.s. ...] b mf(ī)n. r°-eyed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of snake, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] the Indian cuckoo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of another deity, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of Skanda’s attendants, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a man ([plural], his descendants), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

9) [from lohita > loha] n. a part of the arm and of the thigh, the place where these are joined to the body, joint of the arm, thigh-j°, [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष):—1. m. ein rother Würfel.

--- OR ---

Lohitākṣa (लोहिताक्ष):—2. —

1) Adj. (f. ī) rothäugig.

2) m. — a) eine Schlangenart. — b) der indische Kuckuck. — c) Beiname Viṣṇu's. — d) Nomen proprium — α) einer Gottheit [Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2,14(] [Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenlandischen Gesellschaft 36,430]). — β) eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. — γ) eines Mannes. Pl. seine Nachkommen.

3) ī Nomen proprium einer der Mütter im Gefolge Skanda's. —

4) n. ein Theil des Armes und des Schenkels am Anschluss derselben an den Rumpf , f. kṣasaṃjñā ein an dieser Stelle liegendes Blutgefäss [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,59.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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