Mad: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Mad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mad (मद्).—A form of the first personal pronoun in the singular number used chiefly at the beginning of comps.; as मदर्थे (madarthe) 'for me', 'for my sake'; मच्चित्त (maccitta) 'thinking of me'; मद्वचनम्, मत्संदेशः, मत्प्रियम् (madvacanam, matsaṃdeśaḥ, matpriyam) &c. &c.; मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु (manmanā bhava madbhakto madyājī māṃ namaskuru) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.65.

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Mad (मद्).—I. 4 P. (mādyati, matta)

1) To be drunk or intoxicated; वीक्ष्य मद्यमितरा तु ममाद (vīkṣya madyamitarā tu mamāda) Śiśupālavadha 1.27.

2) To be mad.

3) To revel or delight in.

4) To be glad or rejoiced.

5) Ved. To satisfy, delight, gladden.

6) To enjoy supreme felicity. -Caus. (mādayati)

1) To intoxicate; inebriate, madden.

2) (madayati) To exhilarate, gladden, delight; मायूरी मदयति मार्जना मनांसि (māyūrī madayati mārjanā manāṃsi) M.1.21; प्रकृतिमधुराः सन्त्येवान्ये मनो मदयन्ति ये (prakṛtimadhurāḥ santyevānye mano madayanti ye) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.36; Śiśupālavadha 13.38; Kirātārjunīya 5.26.

3) To inflame with passion; मदयति हृदयम् (madayati hṛdayam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.6.

4) (Ātm.) To be glad, rejoice, be pleased. -II. 1 Ā. (mādayate) To please, gratify. -III. 1 P. (madati)

1) To be proud.

2) To be poor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maḍ (मड्).—[(i) maḍi] r. 1st cl. (maṇḍate) 1. To divide, to separate. 2. To clothe 3. To surround, to encompass. r. 1st and 10th cls. (maṇḍati maṇḍayati-te) To adorn, to grace, to decorate. r. 10th cl. (maṇḍayati-te) To gladden, to rejoice, to make happy.

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Mad (मद्).—r. 10th cl. (mādayate) (i, ir) madi r. 1st cl. (mandate) and (ī, ir) madī r. 4th cl. (mādyati) 1. To be glad, to be satisfied or content, to rejoice. 2. To be proud. (i) madi r. 1st cl. (mandate) 1. To praise. 2. To sleep, to doze, to be lazy or sluggish. 3. To be stupid, to be an idiot or fool. 4. To be elegant. 5. To go or approach. mada r. 10th cl. (mādayate) To cause or justify satisfaction or contentment. madī r. 1st cl. causal form. (mādayati) 1. To delight, to make glad, to exhilarate. 2. To madden or intoxicate, literally or figuratively. 3. To be poor or distressed. 4. To be proud. With ni prefixed, (nimādayati) To articulate.

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Mad (मद्).—A form of the first personal pronoun in the singular number used at the beginning of compounds, as in matsādṛśya “my likeness.” &c.

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Māḍ (माड्).—[(ṛ)māḍṛ] r. 1st cl. (māḍati-te) To measure, to weigh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mad (मद्).—ved. i. 1, [Parasmaipada.]; i. 4, mādya, [Parasmaipada.] (originally, to be wet). 1. To get drunk (ved.). 2. To be glad, to rejoice, Chr. 291, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 1; Mahābhārata 1, 4688. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. matla. 1. Drunk, a drunkard, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 78. 2. Intoxicated, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 55; with love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 14; with pride, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 198, 20. 3. Mad, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 36; furious, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 34, M. M.; being in rut (as an elephant), [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 46. 4. Pleased. m. 1. An elephant in rut. 2. A buffalo. 3. The Indian cuckoo. 4. The thorn apple. f. , Vinous liquor. Comp. Mṛta-, m. a jackal. [Causal.] I. mādaya. 1. To intoxicate. 2. To exhilarate, Mahābhārata 3, 10678. i. 10, [Ātmanepada.] To rejoice, Chr. 291, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 15. 6. Ii. madaya, 1. To exhilarate. 2. To be satisfied, Mahābhārata 1, 4736. 3. † To doze, to be sluggish.

— With anu anu in anumatta, Cured from insanity, again sane, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr, 200, 14.

— With ud ud, To be mad, Mahābhārata 3, 14503. unmatta, 1. Drunk. 2. Insane, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 8; furious, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 116; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 16; a lunatic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 161; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 67. m. The thorn apple. Cous. I. mādaya, unmādita, Caused to be mad, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 16. Ii. madaya, unmadita, The same, ib. 191, 18 (read ºmādº).

— With pra pra, 1. To stray from (with abl.). 2. To be neghgent, careless, unguarded, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 213. Comp. ptcple. pres. a-pramādyant, Being careful, Mahābhārata 12, 3996. pramatta, 1. Careless, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 104. 2. Intoxicated. 3. Insane, furious, Chr. 35, 6; being in rut, [Pañcatantra] 80, 6. 4. Addicted to gaming, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 78. 5. Mad with desire, 4, 40. Comp. A-, adj. careful, watchful, [Pañcatantra] 88, 19.

— With vi vi, vimatta, Ruttish, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 47.

— With sam sam, saṃmatta, Intoxicated with love, [Sundopasundopākhyāna] 4, 17; cf. 12; see mand.

— Cf. [Latin] madidus, madere, manare (for mad + no, [denominative.]); probably [Gothic.] mats; A. S. maete; [Gothic.] matjan; [Latin] mandere; A. S. maetan, To dream.

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Mad (मद्).— (or mat, probably abl. sing. of amad), former part of compounds and base of many derivatives, implying the singular of the pronoun of the first person; cf. e. g. mad-vidha, madiya.

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Māḍ (माड्).—see māh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mad (मद्).—1. manda, madati, madate, mandati, mandate, mamatti, mādyati, [participle] matta (q.v.) bubble, undulate, boil, be agitated or (pleasantly) excited; rejoice at, revel in ([instrumental], [genetive], or [locative], [rarely] [accusative]), be mad or drunk with ([instrumental]); gladden, delight, exhilarate, intoxicate. [Causative] madayati, te, mādayati, te & mandayati, te A. ([Middle]) = [Simple] tr.; [Middle] the same refl.

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Mad (मद्).—2. (°—) = ma; also = [ablative] of the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mad (मद्):—1 base of the first [person] [pronoun] in the sg. number ([especially] in [compound])

2) 2a (cf.mand) [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 99]) mādyati ([Epic] also te; [Vedic or Veda] also [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] madati, te; [class] 3. [Parasmaipada] mamatti, ttu, mamadat, amamaduḥ; [Vedic or Veda] [imperative] matsi, sva; [perfect tense] mamāda; [Aorist] amādiṣuḥ, amatsuḥ, amatta; [subjunctive] matsati, sat; [future] maditā, madiṣyati [grammar]; [Vedic or Veda] [infinitive mood] maditos),

2) —to rejoice, be glad, exult, delight or revel in ([instrumental case] [genitive case] [locative case], rarely [accusative]), be drunk (also [figuratively]) with ([instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

2) —to enjoy heavenly bliss (said of gods and deceased ancestors), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa];

2) —to boil, bubble (as water), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa];

2) —to gladden, exhilarate, intoxicate, animate, inspire, [Ṛg-veda] :—[Causal] mAda/yati, te ([Dhātupāṭha xxxiii, 31, xix, 54]; [Aorist] amīmadat or amamadat; [Vedic or Veda] [infinitive mood] mādayadhyai),

2) —to gladden, delight, satisfy, exhilarate, intoxicate, inflame, inspire, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

2) — ([Ātmanepada]) to be glad, rejoice, be pleased or happy or at ease, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kauśika-sūtra];

2) — ([Ātmanepada]) to enjoy heavenly bliss, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] :—[Desiderative] mimadiṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] māmadyate, māmatti, [ib.]

3) [Perhaps [originally] ‘to be moist’; cf. [Greek] μαδάω; [Latin] madere.]

4) 2b or mand to tarry, stand still, pause, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. upa-ni-√mand and ni-√mad) :—[Causal] See mandaya.

5) Māḍ (माड्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] māḍati, te, to measure, weigh, [Dhātupāṭha xxi, 29] ([varia lectio] for māh).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maḍ (मड्):—(i, ṅa) maṇḍate 1. d. To divide; to surround. (ki) maṇḍati, maṇḍayati 1. 10. a. To adorn; to gladden.

2) Mad (मद्):—(ya, ī, ira, bha,) mādyati 4. a. To be glad; to be proud. (ka, ṅa) mādayate 10. d. To cause satisfaction. Caus. mādayati To delight, to madden; with ni to articulate. (i, ira) mandati 1. a. To praise; to sleep; to be stupid; to be elegant; to go.

3) Māḍ (माड्):—(ṛ,ña) māḍati, te 1. c. To weigh, measure.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mad (मद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Macca, Majja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mad in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mad in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) intoxication; passion; arrogance, pride; a fluid substance which oozes out from the temple of a passionate male elephant; (nf) item; head; category; ~[kara/prada] intoxicating; provoking; [bhamga karana] to knock out pride/arrogance; -[bhamga hona] passion to be shed out; to be deflated; —[bhara] intoxicated; intoxicative; arrogant; full of passion; ~[matta] passionate; intoxicated; full of passion; in a fit of passion; —[cura karana/jhadana] to deflate a swollen head, to knock out one’s arrogance, to fix in one’s proper place..—mad (मद) is alternatively transliterated as Mada.

context information

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