Mrita, Mṛtā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛtā can be transliterated into English as Mrta or Mrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Mrat.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛta (मृत) refers one who is “killed” (i.e., in battle), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then Rudra saw the extent of destruction carried out by Vīrabhadra, of the sacrifice and of the celestial sages. Svāhā, Svadhā, Pūṣan, Tuṣṭi, Dhṛti, Sarasvatī, the sages, the manes, Agnis, many others like Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Rākṣasas who were mutilated, wounded or killed (i.e., mṛta) in the battle were seen by him laughingly”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mṛtā (मृता).—A river Dhenukā of the Sākadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 94.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Mṛta (मृत).—The crude base of a declinable word; the pratipadika; the term is found used in the Jainendra Vya= karana; cf Jain. Vyak. I..1.5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Mṛta (मृत):—Killed / complete reduction of material / incinerated bhasma of metals & minerals

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛta (मृत).—p (S) Dead, expired, defunct. 2 Calcined.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛta (मृत).—p Dead, defunct. Calcined.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛta (मृत).—p. p. [mṛ kartari kta]

1) Dead, deceased; ये पराधीनतां यातास्ते वै जीवन्ति के मृताः (ye parādhīnatāṃ yātāste vai jīvanti ke mṛtāḥ) H.2.22.

2) As good as dead, useless, inefficacious; मृतो दरिद्रः पुरुषो मृतं मैथुनमप्रजम् । मृतमश्रोत्रियं श्राद्धं मृतो यज्ञस्त्वदक्षिणः (mṛto daridraḥ puruṣo mṛtaṃ maithunamaprajam | mṛtamaśrotriyaṃ śrāddhaṃ mṛto yajñastvadakṣiṇaḥ) || Pt.2.98.

3) Calcined, reduced; मूर्च्छां गतो मृतो वा निदर्शनं पारदोऽत्र रसः (mūrcchāṃ gato mṛto vā nidarśanaṃ pārado'tra rasaḥ) Bv.1.82.

-tam 1 Death; मृतेभ्यः प्रमृतं यान्ति दरिद्राः पापकारिणः (mṛtebhyaḥ pramṛtaṃ yānti daridrāḥ pāpakāriṇaḥ) Mb.12. 181.3.

2) Food obtained by begging, alms; मृतं तु याचितं भैक्षम् (mṛtaṃ tu yācitaṃ bhaikṣam) Ms.4.5; see अमृतम् (amṛtam) (8).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛta (मृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Dead, expired, extinct, defunct. 2. Calcined, reduced, (metals.) n.

(-taṃ) 1. Solicited alms. 2. Death. E. mṛ to die, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛta (मृत).—[adjective] dead, deceased, vanished, gone, useless; [masculine] dead body, corpse, [neuter] death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛta (मृत):—[from mṛ] a mfn. dead, deceased, death-like, torpid, rigid, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] departed, vanished (as consciousness), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] vain, useless, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] calcined, reduced (said of metals), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. death, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] = caitya, a grave, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] begging, food or alms obtained by begging, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) b etc. See p. 827, col. 2.

9) Mrita (म्रित):—[from mrit] ‘begging for food’ (for, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] read, [Manu-smṛti iv, 5])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛta (मृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Dead; calcined. n. Solicited alms; death.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mṛta (मृत):——

1) Adj. s.u. 1. mar

2) m. ein Verstorbener , Leichnam (auch der eines Thieres). —

3) n. — a) Tod. — b) das Betteln , erbettelte Speise.

4) m. oder n. Grabmal.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mṛta (मृत) [Also spelled mrat]:—(a) dead; extinct; ~[jāta] still-born; ~[saṃjīvanī (būṭī)] the mythological herb that restores the dead to life; anything that infuses new life.

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