Upaklesha, Upakleśa: 7 definitions
Upaklesha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Upakleśa can be transliterated into English as Upaklesa or Upaklesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) (Cf. Sopakleśa) refers to “impurity”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, how does the knowledge (jñāna) of the Bodhisattva becomes like open space? (1) Having pervaded the thoughts of all beings by knowledge, he knows the impassioned thought of all beings truly as it is, as an impassioned thought; (2) he knows the thought full of aversion truly as it is, as a thought full of aversion; (3) he knows the thought full of bewilderment truly as it is, as a thought full of bewilderment; (4) he knows the thought full of impurity truly as it is, as a thought full of impurity (sopakleśa-citta—api sopakleśaṃ cittaṃ); (5) he never deviates from the nature of the dharma which is without desire, and teaches the dharma for other beings so that they overcome their desire;
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “twenty-four minor defilements” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69):
- krodha (anger),
- upanāha (enmity),
- mrakṣa (ill-will),
- pradāśa (contention),
- īrṣyā (jealousy),
- mātsarya (selfishness),
- śāṭhya (treachery),
- māyā (deception),
- mada (intoxication),
- vihiṃsā (violence),
- hrī (shame),
- anapatrapā (lack of conscience),
- styāna (sloth),
- aśrāddhya (faithlessness),
- kausīdya (indolence),
- pramāda (heedlessness),
- muṣitasmṛti (lack of mindfulness),
- vikṣepa (scatteredness),
- asamprajanya (lack of knowledge),
- kaukṛtya (worry),
- middha (torpor),
- vitarka (thinking),
- vicāra (reflection).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., upakleśa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Upakileśa.—q.v.
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Upakleśa (उपक्लेश).—m. (also semi-MIndic °kileśa; compare upakli- śyate; = Pali upakkilesa, of which 5, 10, or 18 are enumer- ated; evidently there was no definitively fixed list), (minor, secondary) impurity, stain, depravity; in most texts no very clear distinction is made between them and the kleśa in principle, but Abhidharmakośa La V-P. v.88 ff. (see especially 89 of Transl. note 2) insists on the fundamental distinction, and commentary cites a list of 21 upa°; they ‘proceed from’ kleśa, 91; a list of 24 in Dharmasaṃgraha 69, whereas in 67 the 6 kleśa have been listed; 4 upak° listed Bodhisattvabhūmi 10.7 (caturbhir upakleśair…upakliṣṭo bhavati) and 22 ff. (no relation to Dharmasaṃgraha list); Mahāvyutpatti 2138, following saṃyojana, ban- dhana, anuśaya, paryutthāna, and followed by paryava- sthāna (so read); compare Bodhisattvabhūmi 202.20 saṃyojana-bandhanānu- śayopakleśa-paryavasthānānām; Śikṣāsamuccaya 222.10 (deflning upāyāsa) (ye cānya evamādaya) upakleśās ta upāyāsāḥ; compare Kāśyapa Parivarta 93.3 sopadravaḥ sopakleśa(ḥ) sopāyāso; Kāśyapa Parivarta 99.2, see s.v. upakliśyate; Mahāvastu i.228.11, 15 vigatopakileśena; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 318.2 (sattvānām alpakuśalamūlānāṃ) bahūpakleśā- nām; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 358.11 (verse) upakleśair manādibhiḥ (see s.v. mana, app. m.c. for māna, which however is standardly one of the kleśa); 369.4 °śair na lipyate. The word seems likely to have been originally a noun [compound], upa plus kleśa, the rare verb upakliśyate may be a back-formation from it; yet the ppp. upakkiliṭṭha occurs in canonical Pali.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश):—[=upa-kleśa] m. (with, [Buddhist literature]) a lesser Kleśa (q.v.) or cause of misery (as conceit, pride etc.), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvakkesa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+14): Upakilesa, Asamprajanya, Styana, Mushitasmriti, Upanaha, Uvakkesa, Middha, Upaklishyate, Vikshepa, Pradasha, Twenty-four Minor Defilements, Kaukritya, Upakkilesa, Vihimsa, Maya, Ashraddhya, Mada, Irshya, Vicara, Hri.
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