Ghata, Ghāṭā, Ghāṭa, Ghāta, Ghaṭa: 28 definitions



Ghata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Ghaṭa (घट).—Part of the standard pilaster;—This is the head of the column, the capital. Held by the neck and shoulders of the pillar (tātī and laśuna), and at first a rounded, swollen member, the ghaṭa is unmistakably a head. It is at the centre-line, or eye-level of the ghaṭa, that the visual forces of a pillar form find equilibrium. From here the predominant flow of the mouldings diverges. Maṇḍi and potikā strain upwards to meet the descending weight, and it will be seen that mainly the lower parts fall, hang or sweep downwards.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Ghaṭa (घट) refers to “vase (main molding of the crowning motif) § 3.31.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Ghaṭa (घट, “vase”) refers to a cushion-like captial in pillars and pilasters.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Ghāta (घात).—Blemishes (ghāta) in the production of a play are of three kinds;

  1. that coming from gods (daiva),
  2. from the actors themselves (ātman),
  3. and from an enemy (para).

Sometimes a fourth variety of it is what comes up due a portentous calamity. Blemishes resulting from portents (autpātika) are those due to earthquake, storm, the falling of meteors and the like.

An expert in dramatic production should record blemishes (ghāta) as “mixed” (miśra), “total” (sarvagata) and “partial” (ekadeśaja), but should not record merely success (siddhi) or blemishes without any detailed information about these. Blemishes which may be accidental (lit. caused by the gods, daiva), the portents or the enemy are not to be recorded by the wise observers. But the blemishes relating to the play as well as the blemishes arising from the actors themselves (ātman) should be recorded.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ghāta (घात).—Product; multiplication. Note: Ghāta is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ghaṭa (घट).—An urban area in ancient India. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 63). (See full article at Story of Ghaṭa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ghaṭa (घट).—A notorious thief. He had a friend called Karpara. They were jointly known as Ghāṭakarparas. Once both the friends went to commit theft. Leaving Ghaṭa at the door-steps Karpara entered the chamber of the princess who after enjoying sexual pleasures with him gave him some money asking him to repeat such visits in future. Karpara told Ghaṭa all that had happened and handed over to him the money which the princess had given him. Karpara went again to the princess. But, owing to the weariness caused by the night’s enjoyment both the princess and he slept till late in the morning. Meantime the palace guards found out the secret and took the lovers into custody. Karpara was sentenced to death and led out to be hanged. Ghaṭa was present on the spot and Karpara asked him secretly to save the princess. Accordingly Ghaṭa, without anybody knowing about it, took the princess over to his house.

2) The King ordered enquiries about the absence of the princess. Under the natural presumption that some relation or other of Karpara alone might have carried away his daughter the King ordered the guards of Karpara’s corpse to arrest anybody who approached the corpse and expressed grief. Ghaṭa came to know of this secret order of the King. Next day evening Ghaṭa posing himself as a drunkard and with a servant disguised as* a woman walking in front and with another servant carrying rice mixed with dhatūrā (a poisonous fruit) following him came to the guards keeping watch over Karpara’s body. Ghaṭa gave the poisoned rice to the guards who after eating it swooned under the effect. Ghaṭa used the opportunity to burn the corpse of Karpara there itself. After that Ghaṭa disappeared.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ghaṭa (घट) is the name of a thief (caura), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 64. Accordingly, “... there were in a certain city two thieves, named Ghaṭa and Karpara. One night Karpara left Ghaṭa outside the palace, and breaking through the wall, entered the bed-chamber of the princess...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ghaṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ghāṭā (घाटा) is another name for Bhadrodanī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.103-105 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Narhari’s Bhadrodanī may be Rājabalā of Dh. [Dhanvantari?]. Together with the names Ghāṭā and Bhadrodanī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ghaṭa (घट):—[ghaṭaḥ] A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one drona equivalent to 12. 288 kg / l of metric units

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Ghata (also called Ghatakumara). The Bodhisatta, born as the king of Benares. One of his ministers misconducted himself in the royal harem and the king, catching him in the act, banished him. The minister took service with Vanka, king of Savatthi, and persuaded him to attack Benares. Ghata was captured and thrown into prison, where he entered into ecstatic meditation. But Vanka was seized by a burning sensation, and he ordered the release of Ghata and the restoration of his kingdom. J.iii.168f; cf. Ekaraja.

2. Ghata (also called Ghatapandita) - The Bodhisatta, born as the ninth of the ten Andhakavenhudasaputta. When a son of his brother, Vasudeva, died, Vasudeva lamented beyond all measure, and Ghata, wishing to cure him, feigned madness and went about Dvaravati asking for the hare in the moon. When Vasudeva heard of this from his courtier Rohineyya, he hastened to Ghata and argued with him about the ridiculousness of his quest. The plan succeeded and Vasudeva was cured of his grief. J.iv.81, 84ff; Pv.ii.6; PvA.93f.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Ghata (घत) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Offer [viz., ghata cakes], [...]. Cakes such as the above are either made with granular sugar or made by mixing in ghee or sesamum oil. As before, take them in accordance with the family in question and use them as offerings; if you offer them up as prescribed, you will quickly gain success. [...]”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., ghata cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., ghata]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ghāṭa.—(EI 21), name of a tax. Cf. ghatṭa. Note: ghāṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ghata : (nt.) ghee; clarified butter. || ghaṭa (m.), a water-pot. ghaṭā (f.), a cluster; a swarm; a crowd. ghāta (m.), killing; slaughter; destruction; robbery; brigandage.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ghāta, (usually —°) (Sk. ghāta & ghātana; to han (ghan), strike, kill; see etym. under ghana2 & hanti) killing, murdering; slaughter, destruction, robbery D.I, 135 (gāma°, etc. village robbery); setu° the pulling down of a bridge (fig.) Vin.I, 59, etc. (see setu); pantha° highway robbery, brigandage, “waylaying” J.I, 253. ‹-› Th.2, 474, 493 (=samugghāta Com.); Sn.246 (ina°); VvA.72 (pāṇa°+pāṇa-vadha & °atipāta). Cp. next & vi°; saṃ°. (Page 257)

— or —

1) Ghaṭa, 2 (m. & f.) (Sk. ghaṭā; conn. with ganthati to bind together) multitude, heap, crowd, dense mass, i.e. thicket, cluster. itthi° a crowd of women J.IV, 316; maccha° a swarm of fish J.II, 227; vana° dense forest J.II, 385; IV, 56; V, 502; VI, 11, 519, 564; brahma° company of brahmins J.VI, 99. (Page 256)

2) Ghaṭa, 1 (Non-Aryan?) a hollow vessel, a bowl, vase, pitcher. Used for holding water, as well as for other purposes, which are given under pānīya° paribhojana° vacca° at Vin.I, 157=352=M.I, 207. In the Vinaya frequent combined with kolamba, also a deep vessel: I.209, 213, 225, 286.—As water-pitcher: J.I, 52, 93 (puṇṇa°), 166; VvA.118, 207, 244 (°satena nhāto viya); PvA.66 (udaka°), 179 (pānīya°), 282.—In general: S.IV, 196. For holding a light (in formula antoghaṭe padīpo viya upanissayo pajjalati) J.I, 235 (cp. kuṭa), PvA.38. Used as a drum J.VI, 277 (=kumbhathūna); as bhadda° Sdhp.319, 329.

— or —

Ghata, (nt.) (Vedic ghṛta, ghṛ to sprinkle, moisten) clarified butter VvA.326; Miln.41; Sdhp.201 (-bindu). With ref. to the sacrificial fire (fire as eating ghee, or being sprinkled w. ghee) ghatāsana; J.I, 472; V, 64, 446; Pv.I, 85 (ghatasitta). (Page 256)

— or —

Ghāṭa, see saṃ°; ghāṭana see ghaṭati. (Page 257)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghaṭa (घट).—m (S) A vessel gen. (earthen or metal), esp. for holding water. 2 The universe, the body &c. considered as the work of the Deity; a creature, any created thing. Ex. tēṃ vistārilēṃ sarva ghaṭīṃ ||. 3 A vessel filled with water. Used in the ceremonies of navarātra. 4 f Loss or decrease (as by wastage, dryage, leakage, spillage). ghaṭīṃ basaṇēṃ To rest on the ghaṭa or pot--the divinity, in the ceremonies of navarātra. 2 Hence To be fixed to the house; to be obliged to stay at home. 3 In covert phraseology. To be under menstruation--a woman.

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ghaṭa (घट).—a Commonly ghaṭṭa.

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ghaṭā (घटा).—m Callous skin, a callosity. 2 C A small and young pumpion or melon. 3 C A pod of the gram-plant or Cicer arietinum. 4 ( H) A mass of clouds. 5 f P Form, fashion, make.

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ghāṭa (घाट) [or घांट, ghāṇṭa].—f (ghāṭa S) f The throat, esp. the upper part or larynx; and often the prominence of this, or Adam's apple. Pr. gēlēṃ ghāṇṭīṃ jhālēṃ mātī Used to signify the transiency of pleasures of the palate, or the worthlessness of things generally after a brief enjoyment or use. 2 Used in certain constructions for the voice, as in ghāṇṭīṃ phuṭaṇēṃ To become voice-cracked (on attaining puberty). Ex. ghāṇṭīṃ phuṭalā badasūra jhālā. Also To become hoarse or husky (with reference to power of modulating the voice): to have the singing voice impaired. ghāṇṭīṃ śēndūra ōtaṇēṃ To cause one to swallow minium (by mixing it with his food or drink). This is often done to a vocalist to destroy his voice.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—m (ghaṭṭa S) A mountainous range dividing countries. 2 The Sayhadri range in particular. 3 A pass or difficult passage over a hill. 4 A quay, wharf, stairs, landing-place (on banks of rivers or tanks). Hence applied by washermen, tanners, dyers, Brahmans &c. to their respective places of resort. 5 The country eastward of the Sayhadri range. Ex. sālamajakurīṃ ghāṭa cāṅgalā pikalā. ghāṭānta aḍaviṇēṃ-dharaṇēṃ-māraṇēṃ (As thieves assault at a ghāṭa or narrow passage.) To take advantage of one's extremity or hard necessity.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—m (ghaḍaṇēṃ) Form, figure, fashion, shape (of a pot &c.) Hence 2 fig. Form, semblance, external appearance (of a plot, project, undertaking). Ex. tyā masalatīcā ghāṭa kasā disatō. 3 The show, signs, demonstrations, indications (of a design &c.) Ex. tumhī khārī kāḍhāyācā ghāṭa ghālā mhaṇajē tō khaṇḍaṇī kabūla karīla.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—f (ghāṭaṇēṃ) Gram or pulse stirabout. 2 Boiled flour (of corn gen.) in preparation for certain sweetmeats. 3 A blight attacking gram. The pods do not fill. v paḍa.

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ghāṭā (घाटा) [or घांटा, ghāṇṭā].—m A pod of gram or of masūra.

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ghāṭā (घाटा).—m (ghāṭaṇēṃ) A stick with a cloth at the end. Used to stir about grain &c. under parching. 2 A stirabout or mash of boiled bājarī, uḍīda, mūga &c. (for cows or cattle): also husked and boiled bājarī or jōndhaḷā gen.

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ghāta (घात).—m (S) Killing or striking: also a stroke or blow. 2 fig. Destruction or smash (of a business or work): ruining, foiling, confounding (of a person, counsel, scheme). Compounds at pleasure; as ātmaghāta, pakṣaghāta, prāṇaghāta, sarvasvaghāta, śastraghāta: also another class of compounds, as ghāta- karaṇa, ghātayōga, ghātavēlā or -vēḷa and others following in order; signifying An inauspicious karaṇa, yōga; or vēḷa. 3 Amount of a multiplication, product: also multiplication or multiplying; but popularly, multiplication of a quantity into itself, i. e. involution: also a power of a number.

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ghāta (घात).—f The proper time or period (of a work or an action): season, period of abundance (as of the products of the earth). Ex. pēraṇyācī ghāta Seedtime; kāpaṇyācī ghāta Harvest time; āmbyācī ghāta; usācī ghāta; lagnācī ghāta. ghāta ghēṇēṃ To mar, blast, ruin (a person, work, project, at some critical juncture); to rob one (through disappointing &c.) of one's opportunity; or to carry off (away from) an opportunity. Ex. pēraṇīcī or kāpaṇīcī ghāta pāvasānēṃ nēlī. ghātīcē divasa Sunshiny days; harvest time; the season of opportunity, power, enjoyment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghaṭa (घट).—m A vessel for holding water. f Loss. ghaṭī basaṇēṃ Be fixed to the house; be under menstruation.

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ghaṭā (घटा).—m Callous skin, a callosity.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—or ghāṇṭa f The throat, esp. the upper part of larynx. ghāṭī phuṭaṇēṃ To become voice–cracked (on attaining puberty). nārō śaṅkarī ghāṭa A bell. Fig. A plop. A woman or man talking in a very loud voice.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—m A mountainous range dividing countries. A pass or difficult passage over a hill. A quay, wharf, stairs, landing-place. ghāṭānta aḍaviṇēṃ-dharaṇēṃ-māraṇēṃ (As thieves assault at a ghāṭa or narrow passage). To take advantage of one's extremity or hard necessity.

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ghāṭa (घाट).—m Form, figure, fashion. Form, sem- blance, external appearance.

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ghāṭā (घाटा) [or ghāṇṭā, or घांटा].—m A pod of gram or of masūra.

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ghāṭā (घाटा).—m A stick with a cloth at the end. A stir-about or mash of boiled bājarī.

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ghāta (घात).—m Killing or striking. Destruction or smash (of a business or work). Amount of multiplication, product, involution; a power of a number.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghaṭa (घट).—[ghaṭa-ac]

1) A large earthen water-jar, pitcher, jar, watering-pot; आकाशमेकं हि यथा घटादिषु पृथग्भवेत् (ākāśamekaṃ hi yathā ghaṭādiṣu pṛthagbhavet) Y. 3.144; कूपे पश्य पयोनिधावपि घटो गृह्णाति तुल्यं जलम् (kūpe paśya payonidhāvapi ghaṭo gṛhṇāti tulyaṃ jalam) Bh.2.49.

2) The sign Aquarius of the zodiac (also called kumbha).

3) An elephant's frontal sinus.

4) Suspending the breath as a religious exercise.

5) A measure equal to 2 droṇas.

6) A part of a column; स्तम्भं विभज्य नवधा वहनं भागो घटोऽस्य भागोऽन्यः (stambhaṃ vibhajya navadhā vahanaṃ bhāgo ghaṭo'sya bhāgo'nyaḥ) Bṛ. S.53.29.

7) A border.

8) A peculiar form of a temple; Bṛ. S.56.18,26.

9) The head; 'घटः समाधिभेदे ना शिरः कूटकटेषु च (ghaṭaḥ samādhibhede nā śiraḥ kūṭakaṭeṣu ca)' Medinī; Mb.1.155.38.

Derivable forms: ghaṭaḥ (घटः).

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Ghaṭā (घटा).—[ghaṭ bhāve aṅ]

1) An endeavour, effort, exertion.

2) A number, troop, assemblage; प्रलयघनघटा (pralayaghanaghaṭā) K.111; कौशिकघटा (kauśikaghaṭā) U.2.29;5.6; Māl.5.19; Bhāg.3.17.6.

3) A troop of elephants assembled for martial purposes; मातङ्गघटा (mātaṅgaghaṭā) Śi.1.64.

4) An assembly.

5) A plate of iron or mixed metal struck as a clock.

6) लम्बिनी (lambinī), one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda;' स्त्रियां तु घण्टा- लम्बिन्योः (striyāṃ tu ghaṇṭā- lambinyoḥ) Nm.

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Ghāṭa (घाट) or Ghāṭā (घाटा).—[ghaṭ-ac] The back of the neck.

-ṭaḥ 1 A pitcher.

2) A landing place.

Derivable forms: ghāṭaḥ (घाटः).

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Ghāta (घात).—[han-ṇic ghañ]

1) A blow, stroke, bruise, hit; ज्याघात (jyāghāta) Ś.3.13; नयनशरघात (nayanaśaraghāta) Gīt.1; so पार्ष्णिघातः शिरोघात (pārṣṇighātaḥ śiroghāta) &c.

2) Killing, hurting, destruction, slaughter, deathsentence; वियोगो मुग्धाक्ष्याः स खलु रिपुघातावधिरभूत् (viyogo mugdhākṣyāḥ sa khalu ripughātāvadhirabhūt) U.3.44; पशुघातः (paśughātaḥ) Gīt.1; Y.2.159;3.252. तत्र रत्नोपभोगे घातः (tatra ratnopabhoge ghātaḥ) Kau. A.2.8.

3) An arrow.

4) Power.

5) The product of a sum in multiplication.

6) Whipping; कोशाधि- ष्ठितस्य कोशावच्छेदे घातः (kośādhi- ṣṭhitasya kośāvacchede ghātaḥ) Kau. A.2.5.

7) (in Astr.) Entrance. (In comp. translated by 'inauspicious'; °divasaḥ)

Derivable forms: ghātaḥ (घातः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ghaṭā (घटा).—(Sanskrit ghaṭa, m.; ghaṭī, ghaṭikā; Weller 24 suggests lengthening of stem-final a in the seam of cpds., but a fem. ghaṭā exists in Sanskrit tho in other mgs.), pot, jar: pañcāpsaraḥsahasrāṇi divyagandhodakaparipūrṇa-ghaṭā- parigṛhītāni Lalitavistara 96.9. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭa (घट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A large earthen water jar. 2. The sign Aquarius. 3. A measure; see kumbha. 4. An elephant’s frontal sinus. 5. Suspending the breath as a religious exercise. 6. A man who makes effort or exertion. f.

(-ṭā) 1. A troop of elephants assembled for martial purposes. 2. Effort, endeavour. 3. An assembly. 4. A number, a collection, an assemblage. f. (-ṭī) 1. The Ghari or Indian clock, a plate of iron or mixed metal on which the hours are struck. 2. A small water jar, a ewer. E. ghaṭ to endeavour, &c. affix ac or aṅ and fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīp.

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Ghāṭa (घाट).—mf. (-ṭaḥ-ṭī) The nape or back of the neck. E. ghaṭ to unite, affix ac; the radical is of the 10th class of roots, whence the penultimate is long. grīvayoḥ paścādbhāge avaṭau (ghāḍ) .

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Ghāta (घात).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Striking, wounding, killing. 2. A bruise, a blow. 3. An arrow. 4. Product (of a sum in multiplication.) E. hana to to kill, ghañ affix, and the radical letters changed respectively, to gha and ta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭa (घट).—[ghaṭ + a], m. I. adj. Active, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 74. Ii. m. 1. A jar, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 183 (184). 2. The Aquarius of the zodiac, Mārk. P. 12, 22 (change ghaṭī to ghaṭaḥ). Iii. f. ṭā, 1. A multitude, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 17, 6. 2. A troop of elephants assembled for martial purposes, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 1, 369. Iv. f. ṭī, A jar, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 18.

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Ghāta (घात).—[ghāt + a], i. e. han, [Causal.], + a, I. Latter part of comp. adj., Killing. Ii. m. 1. A stroke, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 98, 23. 2. A shot, Chr. 35, 4. 3. Killing, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 321. 4. Sacking, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 274. 5. Spoiling, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 159.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghaṭa (घट).—[masculine] jar, ewer; [feminine] ā multitude, troop, ī = [masculine]

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Ghāta (घात).—[adjective] slaying, destroying; [masculine] the same as subst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṭa (घट):—[from ghaṭ] mfn. intently occupied or busy with ([locative case]), [Pāṇini 5-2, 35]

2) [v.s. ...] = ghaṭā yasyāsti [gana] arśa-ādi

3) [v.s. ...] m. a jar, pitcher, jug, large earthen water-jar, watering-pot, [Manu-smṛti viii, xi; Yājñavalkya iii, 144; Amṛtabindu-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the sign Aquarius, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a measure = 1 Droṇa (or = 20 Droṇas, [Horace H. Wilson]), [Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya v, 6, 28; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā i, 28]

6) [v.s. ...] the head, [Mahābhārata i, 155, 38 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] a part of a column, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā liii, 29]

8) [v.s. ...] a peculiar form of a temple, [lvi, 18 and 26]

9) [v.s. ...] an elephant’s frontal sinus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a border, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] (= kumbha) suspending the breath as a religious exercise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] (along with karpara cf. -karpara) Name of a thief, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxiv, 43]

13) Ghaṭā (घटा):—[from ghaṭa > ghaṭ] f. (gaṇas arśa-ādi, sidhmādi and picchādi) effort, endeavour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] an assembly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a number, collection, assemblage, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 17, 6; Kāvyaprakāśa vii, 11/12]

16) [v.s. ...] a troop (of elephants) assembled for martial purposes, [Mālatīmādhava v, 19; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xliii; Śiśupāla-vadha i, 64; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

17) [v.s. ...] justification (ṭām-√aṭ, ‘to have one’s self justified by another’), [Bhadrabāhu-caritra iv]

18) [v.s. ...] (perhaps ṭa, m.) a kind of drum

19) [v.s. ...] a sweet citron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) Ghāṭa (घाट):—mfn. (√ghaṭ) ‘working on’ See danta-

21) = ghāṭā (or ṭe) yasyāsti (or sya stas) [gana] arśa-ādi (not in [Kāśikā-vṛtti])

22) n. management of an elephant, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

23) m. for ghaṭa (a pot), [Harivaṃśa 16117 (C) ]

24) the nape or back of the neck, cervical ligament, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) Ghāṭā (घाटा):—[from ghāṭa] f. idem, [Caraka i, 17, 17; Suśruta vi, 25, 11] (cf. [gana] arśa-ādi) (cf. kara-.)

26) [v.s. ...] f. a pot (cf. ghaṭa), [Caraka]

27) Ghāta (घात):—mfn. (√han, [Pāṇini 7-3, 32 and 54]) ifc. ‘killing’ See amitra-, go-

28) m. a blow, bruise, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

29) slaying, killing, [Manu-smṛti x, 48; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

30) injuring, hurting, devastation, destruction, [Yājñavalkya ii, 159; Mahābhārata] etc.

31) (See grāma- & karma-)

32) (in [astronomy]) entrance, [Sūryaprajñapti; Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

33) the product (of a sum in multiplication), [Gaṇitādhyāya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghaṭa (घट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A large earthen waterjar; Aquarius; elephant’s frontal sinus; suspending the breath. f. ṭā A troop of elephants for war; effort; assemblage. ṭī An Indian clock; an ewer.

2) Ghāṭa (घाट):—[(ṭaḥ-ṭā)] 1. m. f. The nape or back of the neck.

3) Ghāta (घात):—(taṃ) 1. n. Killing; a blow; an arrow; product of a sum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghaṭa (घट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghaḍa, Ghaḍā, Ghaḍāva, Ghāḍa, Ghāya, Parivāḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ghaṭa (घट) [Also spelled ghat]:—(nm) a pitcher; the physical frame/body; nominal form of the verb [ghaṭanā] used as the first member of the compound [ghaṭabaḍha] fluctuation, variation; •[honā] to fluctuate; to vary; to be slightly more or less; —[ghaṭa meṃ samānā] to permeate each and every body/through all and sundry.

2) Ghaṭā (घटा):—(nf) a dark cloud; mass of dark clouds; —[uṭhanā] emergence of thick dark clouds; —[dhiranā/chānā] gathering of thick dark clouds.

3) Ghāṭa (घाट) [Also spelled ghat]:—(nm) wharf, quay; berth; ferry, bank; ~[baṃdī] embargo; —[śulka] ferriage; —[kā patthara] a public property; —[ghāṭa kā pānī pīnā] to wander from pillar to post; to gather varied experience; —[laganā] to reach ashore; to find a foothold.

4) Ghāṭā (घाटा):—(nm) loss; deficit; -[khānā] to suffer a loss; [ghāṭe kā saudā] a losing proposition; [ghāṭe kā bajaṭa] a deficit budget.

5) Ghāta (घात) [Also spelled ghat]:—(nf) ambush, ambuscade; killing; slaughter; stroke; power degree; —[para caḍhanā, —meṃ ānā] to fall into one’s clutches; —[meṃ phiranā] to mark time for an ambuscade: —[meṃ baiṭhanā] to wait for an ambuscade; —[meṃ rahanā] to be upon the catch, to ambuscade; to look for a tactical opportunity to strike; —[lagānā] to lie in ambush; [ghāteṃ batānā] to play tricks; to impart lessons in trickery.

6) Ghātā (घाता):—(nm); ~[te meṃ] over and above what is paid for, free; without effort or spending; by trickery.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghaṭa (ಘಟ):—

1) [noun] a large earthen jar, pitcher or pot.

2) [noun] a specially made earthen pot, used as a percussion instrument in Karnāṭaka music.

3) [noun] the physical body (usu. ref. to that of human).

4) [noun] a number of persons organised to join or come together for a common cause; an organised group.

5) [noun] the act or fact of being organised (said of persons).

6) [noun] the act of heaping, accumulating something; a piling.

7) [noun] a group assembled for drinking liquors for amusement or recreation.

8) [noun] any tangible object, as distinguished from a concept, quality, etc; a thing.

9) [noun] an old measure of quantity (equal to four koḷagas of eight or ten seers).

10) [noun] the border on a garment or piece of cloth; the hem.

11) [noun] the upper part of a column.

12) [noun] (fig.) a socially noted person; a big shot.

13) [noun] (astron.) a large southern constellation, near the celestial equator between Cetus and Capricornus; Water Bearer.

14) [noun] (astrol.) the eleventh sign of the zodiac, entered by the sun about January 21; Aquarius.

15) [noun] ಘಟ ಒಪ್ಪಿಸು [ghata oppisu] ghaṭa oppisu (the soul) to leave the body; to die; ಘಟ ಬೀಳು [ghata bilu] ghaṭa bīḷu to die.

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Ghāṭa (ಘಾಟ):—[noun] the back of the neck; the nape.

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Ghāṭa (ಘಾಟ):—

1) [noun] the fact of being joined together.

2) [noun] the quality or fact of being characterised by strong movement, intense feeling, fastness, etc.

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Ghāta (ಘಾತ):—[adjective] extending far downward from the top, inward from the surface; extending down, inward, etc.; deep.

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Ghāta (ಘಾತ):—

1) [noun] the quality or fact of being deep (usu. being difficult to measure the depth).

2) [noun] the quality or condition of being difficult to grasp or comprehend.

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Ghāta (ಘಾತ):—

1) [noun] a heavy stroke or blow.

2) [noun] a killing, destroying.

3) [noun] something that may cause harm or injury; peril; danger.

4) [noun] (in archery) a particular manner of shooting an arrow.

5) [noun] (arith.) a small figure or symbol placed above and at the right of another figure or symbol to show how many times the latter is to be multiplied by itself; an exponent.

6) [noun] (mus.) a beat in counting the time, where the accent is heavy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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