Gata; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Pali

gata : (pp. of gacchati) gone; moved; walked; passed; arrived at; having come to a condition. || ñāta (pp. of jānāti), known; well-known; realised.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Gata.—gone its course (of a legal enquiry, vinicchaya) Vin.II, 85 (cp. Vin Texts III, 26); J.II, 1.

2) Gata, (pp. of gacchati in medio-reflexive function) gone, in all meanings of gacchati (q. v.) viz.

2a) literal: gone away, arrived at, directed to (c. Acc.), opp. ṭhita: gate ṭhite nisinne (Loc. abs.) when going, standing, sitting down (cp. gacchati 1) D.I, 70; opp. āgata: yassa maggaṃ na jānāsi āgatassa gatassa vā Sn.582 (cp. gati 2). Also periphrastic (=gacchati 5 b): aṭṭhi paritvā gataṃ “the bone fell down” J.III, 26. Very often gata stands in the sense of a finite verb (=aor. gacchi or agamāsi): yo ca Buddhaṃ ... saraṇaṃ gato (cp. gacchati 4) Dh.190; attano vasanaṭṭhānaṃ gato he went to his domicile J.I, 280; II, 160; nāvā Aggimālaṃ gatā the ship went to Aggimālā J.IV, 139.

2b) in applied meaning: gone in a certain way, i.e. affected, behaved, fared, fated, being in or having come into a state or condition. So in sugata & duggata (see below) and as 2nd part of cpds. in Gen., viz. gone; atthaṃ° gone home, set; addha° done with the journey (cp. gat-addhin); gone into: taṇhā° fallen a victim to thirst, tama° obscured, raho°, secluded, vyasana° fallen into misery; having reached: anta° arrived at the goal (in this sense often combd with patta: antagata antapatta Nd2, 436, 612), koṭi° perfected, parinibbāna° having ceased to exist. vijjā° having attained (right) knowledge; connected with, referring to, concerning: kāya° relating to the body (kāyagatā sati, e.g. Vism.111, 197, 240 sq.); diṭṭhi° being of a (wrong) view; saṅkhāra°, etc.—Sometimes gata is replaced by kata and vice versa: anabhāvaṃkata›anabhāvaṃ gacchati; kālagata›kālakata (q. v.).

—atta (fr. attā) self-perfected, perfect D.I, 57 (expl. by koṭippatta-citto DA.I, 168); cp. paramāya satiyā ca gatiyā ca dhitiyā ca samannāgata M.I, 82; —addhin (adj. of addhan) one who has completed his journey (cp. addhagata) Dh.90; —kāle (in gata-gata-kāle) whenever he went J.III, 188; —ṭṭhāna place of existence PvA.38; =gamana in āgata-ṭṭhānaṃ vā: coming and going (lit. state of going) J.III, 188; —yobbana (adj.) past youth, of old age A.I, 138; Sn.98=124. (Page 242)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Gata (गत) refers to the “six destinations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 57):

  1. naraka (hell world),
  2. tiryak (animal world),
  3. preta (ghost world),
  4. asura (demon world),
  5. manuṣya (human world),
  6. deva (god world).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., gata). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gaṭa (गट).—m A body, band, gang; a confederate or congregate body. 2 A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.) 3 An ingot or a lump (of gold, silver &c.)

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gata (गत).—p (S) Gone, departed, past. Ex. of comp. gatadaridra, gatadhana, gatabuddhi, gatabhaya, gatamāna, gatalajja, gataśrama, gatasanmāna, gatābhimāna, gatāvasāna, gatēndriya, gata- dhīra, gatadhairya, gatapratiṣṭha. Others in order. 2 Gone to, in, into, i. e. fixed or seated in or at. In comp. as antargata, madhyagata, hastagata.

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gata (गत).—f (gati S) State or condition (in an ill sense; corresponding to Pickle, plight, trim, mess, predicament). 2 Quitting (on being released from) the state of a bhūta or piśāca. v ghē. 3 In music. Quaver. v ghē. 4 A musical time or measure. 5 An expedient, a measure or means in prevention or cure: also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhīṃ auṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarīṃ tiḍīka rāhīnā ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karūṃ? 6 End, termination, issue. Ex. hā cōra āhē mhaṇūna māra khātō duṣkarmācī gata hīca. 7 Way, manner, fashion, course; but used elliptically with the power of "Like or resembling;" as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman, for vēḍyācē gatīnēṃ In the manner or style of a madman; hā bṛhaspatīcē gata bōlatō He speaks like the eloquent bṛhaspati.

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gata (गत).—p S In astronomy. Passed through--a mansion or sign in the transit of a heavenly body. Opp. to ēṣya Remaining to be passed.

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gāṭā (गाटा) [or टी, ṭī].—or ṭyā a Stubborn, self-willed, piggish, mulish.

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gāta (गात).—n (gātra S) A common term for the four pieces composing the frame of a bedstead, cot, or couch. aḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor a long piece.) Used of speech, doings, manners, persons which are indefinite or indeterminate.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṭa (गट).—m A band, gang, confederate body. A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.). A lump (of gold &c.).

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gata (गत).—f State or condition (in an ill sense), plight, predicament. (In music) Quaver. v ghē. A musical term or mea- sure. An expedient, measure or means; also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhī ōṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarī tiḍīka rāhīnā, ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karu? End, termination, issue. Ex. duṣkarmācī gata hīca. Way, manner, fashion; but used elliptically with the power of 'Like or resembling'; as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman. p Gone, departed, lost.

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gāṭā (गाटा) [-ṭī-ṭayā, -टी-टया].—a Stubborn, mulish.

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gāta (गात).—n A term for the four pieces compos- ing the frame of a bedstead, &c. āḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor long piece.) Used of speech, doings &c. which are indetinite or indeterminate.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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