Gata; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Gata (गति) or Gati or Prakṛti refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

The following are the three gatas:

  1. Tattva,
  2. Ghana (=Anugata),
  3. Ogha.
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Gata (गत).—Traversed, elapsed, past, preceding. Note: Gata is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Gata (गत) refers to the “six destinations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 57):

  1. naraka (hell world),
  2. tiryak (animal world),
  3. preta (ghost world),
  4. asura (demon world),
  5. manuṣya (human world),
  6. deva (god world).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., gata). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

gata : (pp. of gacchati) gone; moved; walked; passed; arrived at; having come to a condition. || ñāta (pp. of jānāti), known; well-known; realised.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Gata.—gone its course (of a legal enquiry, vinicchaya) Vin.II, 85 (cp. Vin Texts III, 26); J.II, 1.

2) Gata, (pp. of gacchati in medio-reflexive function) gone, in all meanings of gacchati (q. v.) viz.

2a) literal: gone away, arrived at, directed to (c. Acc.), opp. ṭhita: gate ṭhite nisinne (Loc. abs.) when going, standing, sitting down (cp. gacchati 1) D.I, 70; opp. āgata: yassa maggaṃ na jānāsi āgatassa gatassa vā Sn.582 (cp. gati 2). Also periphrastic (=gacchati 5 b): aṭṭhi paritvā gataṃ “the bone fell down” J.III, 26. Very often gata stands in the sense of a finite verb (=aor. gacchi or agamāsi): yo ca Buddhaṃ ... saraṇaṃ gato (cp. gacchati 4) Dh.190; attano vasanaṭṭhānaṃ gato he went to his domicile J.I, 280; II, 160; nāvā Aggimālaṃ gatā the ship went to Aggimālā J.IV, 139.

2b) in applied meaning: gone in a certain way, i.e. affected, behaved, fared, fated, being in or having come into a state or condition. So in sugata & duggata (see below) and as 2nd part of cpds. in Gen., viz. gone; atthaṃ° gone home, set; addha° done with the journey (cp. gat-addhin); gone into: taṇhā° fallen a victim to thirst, tama° obscured, raho°, secluded, vyasana° fallen into misery; having reached: anta° arrived at the goal (in this sense often combd with patta: antagata antapatta Nd2, 436, 612), koṭi° perfected, parinibbāna° having ceased to exist. vijjā° having attained (right) knowledge; connected with, referring to, concerning: kāya° relating to the body (kāyagatā sati, e.g. Vism.111, 197, 240 sq.); diṭṭhi° being of a (wrong) view; saṅkhāra°, etc.—Sometimes gata is replaced by kata and vice versa: anabhāvaṃkata›anabhāvaṃ gacchati; kālagata›kālakata (q. v.).

—atta (fr. attā) self-perfected, perfect D.I, 57 (expl. by koṭippatta-citto DA.I, 168); cp. paramāya satiyā ca gatiyā ca dhitiyā ca samannāgata M.I, 82; —addhin (adj. of addhan) one who has completed his journey (cp. addhagata) Dh.90; —kāle (in gata-gata-kāle) whenever he went J.III, 188; —ṭṭhāna place of existence PvA.38; =gamana in āgata-ṭṭhānaṃ vā: coming and going (lit. state of going) J.III, 188; —yobbana (adj.) past youth, of old age A.I, 138; Sn.98=124. (Page 242)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

gaṭa (गट).—m A body, band, gang; a confederate or congregate body. 2 A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.) 3 An ingot or a lump (of gold, silver &c.)

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gata (गत).—p (S) Gone, departed, past. Ex. of comp. gatadaridra, gatadhana, gatabuddhi, gatabhaya, gatamāna, gatalajja, gataśrama, gatasanmāna, gatābhimāna, gatāvasāna, gatēndriya, gata- dhīra, gatadhairya, gatapratiṣṭha. Others in order. 2 Gone to, in, into, i. e. fixed or seated in or at. In comp. as antargata, madhyagata, hastagata.

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gata (गत).—f (gati S) State or condition (in an ill sense; corresponding to Pickle, plight, trim, mess, predicament). 2 Quitting (on being released from) the state of a bhūta or piśāca. v ghē. 3 In music. Quaver. v ghē. 4 A musical time or measure. 5 An expedient, a measure or means in prevention or cure: also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhīṃ auṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarīṃ tiḍīka rāhīnā ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karūṃ? 6 End, termination, issue. Ex. hā cōra āhē mhaṇūna māra khātō duṣkarmācī gata hīca. 7 Way, manner, fashion, course; but used elliptically with the power of "Like or resembling;" as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman, for vēḍyācē gatīnēṃ In the manner or style of a madman; hā bṛhaspatīcē gata bōlatō He speaks like the eloquent bṛhaspati.

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gata (गत).—p S In astronomy. Passed through--a mansion or sign in the transit of a heavenly body. Opp. to ēṣya Remaining to be passed.

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gāṭā (गाटा) [or टी, ṭī].—or ṭyā a Stubborn, self-willed, piggish, mulish.

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gāta (गात).—n (gātra S) A common term for the four pieces composing the frame of a bedstead, cot, or couch. aḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor a long piece.) Used of speech, doings, manners, persons which are indefinite or indeterminate.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṭa (गट).—m A band, gang, confederate body. A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.). A lump (of gold &c.).

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gata (गत).—f State or condition (in an ill sense), plight, predicament. (In music) Quaver. v ghē. A musical term or mea- sure. An expedient, measure or means; also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhī ōṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarī tiḍīka rāhīnā, ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karu? End, termination, issue. Ex. duṣkarmācī gata hīca. Way, manner, fashion; but used elliptically with the power of 'Like or resembling'; as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman. p Gone, departed, lost.

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gāṭā (गाटा) [-ṭī-ṭayā, -टी-टया].—a Stubborn, mulish.

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gāta (गात).—n A term for the four pieces compos- ing the frame of a bedstead, &c. āḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor long piece.) Used of speech, doings &c. which are indetinite or indeterminate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gata (गत).—&c. see under गम् (gam).

See also (synonyms): gati.

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Gata (गत).—p. p. [gam-kta]

1) Gone, departed, gone for ever; Mu.1.25; किं गते सलिले सेतुबन्धेन, किं गते विवाहे नक्षत्रपरीक्षया (kiṃ gate salile setubandhena, kiṃ gate vivāhe nakṣatraparīkṣayā) Vb.4. 'what is the use of locking the stable-door when the steed is stolen ?'

2) Passed away, elapsed, past; गदायां रात्रौ (gadāyāṃ rātrau).

3) Dead, deceased, departed to the next world; गत एव न ते निवर्तते (gata eva na te nivartate) Ku.4.3.

4) Gone to, arrived at, reaching to.

5) Being in, situated in, resting on, contained in; usually in comp.; प्रासादप्रान्तगतः (prāsādaprāntagataḥ) Pt.1 seated on &c.; सदोगतः (sadogataḥ) R.3.66 seated in the assembly; भर्तारं गता (bhartāraṃ gatā) Ś.4.13 united to a husband; so आद्य° (ādya°); सर्वगत (sarvagata) existing everywhere.

6) Fallen into, reduced to; e. g. आपद्गतः (āpadgataḥ)

7) Referring or relating to, with regard to, about, concerning, connected with (usually in comp.); राजा शकुन्तलागतमेव चिन्तयति (rājā śakuntalāgatameva cintayati) Ś.5; भर्तृगतया चिन्तया (bhartṛgatayā cintayā) Ś4; वयमपि भवत्यौ सखीगतं किमपि पृच्छामः (vayamapi bhavatyau sakhīgataṃ kimapi pṛcchāmaḥ) Ś1; so पुत्रगतः स्नेहः (putragataḥ snehaḥ) &c.

8) Frequented, resorted to; सुहृद्° (suhṛd°) Ku.4.24.

9) Known, celebrated.

1) Directed towards, belonging to.

11) Known, understood.

-tam 1 Motion, going; गतमुपरि घनानां वारिगर्भोदराणाम् (gatamupari ghanānāṃ vārigarbhodarāṇām) Ś.7.7; Śi.1.2, 7.4.

2) Gait, manner of going; Ku.1.34; हंस प्रयच्छ मे कान्ता गतिरस्यास्त्वया हृता (haṃsa prayaccha me kāntā gatirasyāstvayā hṛtā) V.4.16.

3) An event.

4) The place where one has gone.

5) Celebration, being known, diffusion; यावन्नाम्नो गतम् (yāvannāmno gatam) Ch. Up.7.1.5.

6) Manner. (As first member of comp. translated by 'free from', 'bereft of', 'deprived of', 'without'.)

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gata (गत).—adj., ppp., (1) understood, grasped (hardly a Sanskrit usage; compare however BR s.v. gam, ppp. gata, 1, l): gatam etad Divy 301.27, I have understood this (which you have said); etad api gatam 302.1, 5, 12; (2) exten- sions of the quasi-suffixal use of gata noted for Sanskrit by Whitney, Gr. 1273c; very close to the Sanskrit is perhaps Divy 29.21 ekasya gṛhagataṃ kṣetragataṃ ca, ekasyā- vārīgataṃ deśāntaragataṃ ca, to one went (in a division of property) what was in the house and in the field (? or possibly the house(s) and field(s)? as in dṛṣṭigata, rūpagata, see below), etc.; Śikṣ 246.16 (tatra katamo 'bdhātuḥ ?) yad idam asmin kāye 'dhyātmaṃ pratyātmam āpaḥ, abgataṃ; aptvaṃ snehaḥ (abgataṃ perhaps what is water), snehagataṃ snehatvaṃ…; on dṛṣṭi-gata and rūpagata, which seem hardly distinguishable in meaning from dṛṣṭi and rūpa, see s.vv. (the former is found in Pali, the latter in AMg.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 418 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tathagata
Tathāgata (तथागत).—(= Pali id.) = Buddha: Mvy 3 = Tibetan de bzhin gśegs pa, thus gone or come ...
Sugata
Sugata (सुगत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Passed, gone. 2. Well-bestowed. m. (-taḥ) A Bud'dha in gen...
Paragata
Parāgata (परागत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Spread, expanded. 2. Budded, blown. E. para, and āṅ bef...
Manogata
Manogata (मनोगत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Seated in the mind. n. (-taṃ) Thoughts, ideas, notions, fe...
Kanthagata
Kaṇṭhāgata (कण्ठागत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Come in to the throat, (breath, &c.) E. kaṇṭha, an...
Hastagata
Hastagata (हस्तगत).—Adj. Fallen into one’s possession, gained, secured.
Gatacetana
Gatacetana (गतचेतन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Senseless. swooned. E. gata and cetanā consciousness.
Parshvagata
Pārśvagata (पार्श्वगत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Close to, beside. E. pārśva, and gata gone to.
Kalagata
kalāgata (कलागत).—f Sharp contention, angry reviling, squabbling.
Gatagata
Gatāgata (गतागत).—1) going and coming, frequent visits; आदित्यस्य गतागतैरहरहः संक्षीयते जीवितम्...
Gataprana
Gataprāṇa (गतप्राण).—a. expired, dead; गतासूनगतासूंश्च नानुशोचन्ति पण्डिताः (gatāsūnagatāsūṃśca...
Gatavarsha
Gatavarṣa (गतवर्ष).—the past year. Derivable forms: gatavarṣaḥ (गतवर्षः), gatavarṣam (गतवर्षम्)...
Gatanugatika
Gātānugatika (गातानुगतिक).—a. (-kī f.) Caused by blindly following or imitating custom or examp...
Kanyagata
Kanyāgata (कन्यागत).—the position of a planet in the sign Virgo. Derivable forms: kanyāgatam (क...
Gatartha
Gatārtha (गतार्थ).—a. 1) poor. 2) meaningless (the meaning being already expressed). Gatārtha ...

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