Gata; 8 Definition(s)
Gata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
The following are the three gatas:
- Ghana (=Anugata),
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Gata (गत).—Traversed, elapsed, past, preceding. Note: Gata is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Gata (गत) refers to the “six destinations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 57):
- naraka (hell world),
- tiryak (animal world),
- preta (ghost world),
- asura (demon world),
- manuṣya (human world),
- deva (god world).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., gata). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
gata : (pp. of gacchati) gone; moved; walked; passed; arrived at; having come to a condition. || ñāta (pp. of jānāti), known; well-known; realised.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Gata.—gone its course (of a legal enquiry, vinicchaya) Vin.II, 85 (cp. Vin Texts III, 26); J.II, 1.
2) Gata, (pp. of gacchati in medio-reflexive function) gone, in all meanings of gacchati (q. v.) viz.
2a) literal: gone away, arrived at, directed to (c. Acc.), opp. ṭhita: gate ṭhite nisinne (Loc. abs.) when going, standing, sitting down (cp. gacchati 1) D.I, 70; opp. āgata: yassa maggaṃ na jānāsi āgatassa gatassa vā Sn.582 (cp. gati 2). Also periphrastic (=gacchati 5 b): aṭṭhi paritvā gataṃ “the bone fell down” J.III, 26. Very often gata stands in the sense of a finite verb (=aor. gacchi or agamāsi): yo ca Buddhaṃ ... saraṇaṃ gato (cp. gacchati 4) Dh.190; attano vasanaṭṭhānaṃ gato he went to his domicile J.I, 280; II, 160; nāvā Aggimālaṃ gatā the ship went to Aggimālā J.IV, 139.
2b) in applied meaning: gone in a certain way, i.e. affected, behaved, fared, fated, being in or having come into a state or condition. So in sugata & duggata (see below) and as 2nd part of cpds. in Gen., viz. gone; atthaṃ° gone home, set; addha° done with the journey (cp. gat-addhin); gone into: taṇhā° fallen a victim to thirst, tama° obscured, raho°, secluded, vyasana° fallen into misery; having reached: anta° arrived at the goal (in this sense often combd with patta: antagata antapatta Nd2, 436, 612), koṭi° perfected, parinibbāna° having ceased to exist. vijjā° having attained (right) knowledge; connected with, referring to, concerning: kāya° relating to the body (kāyagatā sati, e.g. Vism.111, 197, 240 sq.); diṭṭhi° being of a (wrong) view; saṅkhāra°, etc.—Sometimes gata is replaced by kata and vice versa: anabhāvaṃkata›anabhāvaṃ gacchati; kālagata›kālakata (q. v.).
—atta (fr. attā) self-perfected, perfect D.I, 57 (expl. by koṭippatta-citto DA.I, 168); cp. paramāya satiyā ca gatiyā ca dhitiyā ca samannāgata M.I, 82; —addhin (adj. of addhan) one who has completed his journey (cp. addhagata) Dh.90; —kāle (in gata-gata-kāle) whenever he went J.III, 188; —ṭṭhāna place of existence PvA.38; =gamana in āgata-ṭṭhānaṃ vā: coming and going (lit. state of going) J.III, 188; —yobbana (adj.) past youth, of old age A.I, 138; Sn.98=124. (Page 242)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
gaṭa (गट).—m A body, band, gang; a confederate or congregate body. 2 A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.) 3 An ingot or a lump (of gold, silver &c.)
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gata (गत).—p (S) Gone, departed, past. Ex. of comp. gatadaridra, gatadhana, gatabuddhi, gatabhaya, gatamāna, gatalajja, gataśrama, gatasanmāna, gatābhimāna, gatāvasāna, gatēndriya, gata- dhīra, gatadhairya, gatapratiṣṭha. Others in order. 2 Gone to, in, into, i. e. fixed or seated in or at. In comp. as antargata, madhyagata, hastagata.
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gata (गत).—f (gati S) State or condition (in an ill sense; corresponding to Pickle, plight, trim, mess, predicament). 2 Quitting (on being released from) the state of a bhūta or piśāca. v ghē. 3 In music. Quaver. v ghē. 4 A musical time or measure. 5 An expedient, a measure or means in prevention or cure: also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhīṃ auṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarīṃ tiḍīka rāhīnā ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karūṃ? 6 End, termination, issue. Ex. hā cōra āhē mhaṇūna māra khātō duṣkarmācī gata hīca. 7 Way, manner, fashion, course; but used elliptically with the power of "Like or resembling;" as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman, for vēḍyācē gatīnēṃ In the manner or style of a madman; hā bṛhaspatīcē gata bōlatō He speaks like the eloquent bṛhaspati.
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gata (गत).—p S In astronomy. Passed through--a mansion or sign in the transit of a heavenly body. Opp. to ēṣya Remaining to be passed.
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gāṭā (गाटा) [or टी, ṭī].—or ṭyā a Stubborn, self-willed, piggish, mulish.
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gāta (गात).—n (gātra S) A common term for the four pieces composing the frame of a bedstead, cot, or couch. aḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor a long piece.) Used of speech, doings, manners, persons which are indefinite or indeterminate.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gaṭa (गट).—m A band, gang, confederate body. A dense body (as of troops, cattle &c.). A lump (of gold &c.).
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gata (गत).—f State or condition (in an ill sense), plight, predicament. (In music) Quaver. v ghē. A musical term or mea- sure. An expedient, measure or means; also a refuge or resource. Ex. ēvaḍhī ōṣadhēṃ ghētalīṃ tarī tiḍīka rāhīnā, ātāṃ kōṇatī gata karu? End, termination, issue. Ex. duṣkarmācī gata hīca. Way, manner, fashion; but used elliptically with the power of 'Like or resembling'; as vēḍyācē gata Like a madman. p Gone, departed, lost.
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gāṭā (गाटा) [-ṭī-ṭayā, -टी-टया].—a Stubborn, mulish.
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gāta (गात).—n A term for the four pieces compos- ing the frame of a bedstead, &c. āḍavēṃ gāta na ubhēṃ gāta (Neither a cross piece nor long piece.) Used of speech, doings &c. which are indetinite or indeterminate.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Gata (गत).—&c. see under गम् (gam).
See also (synonyms): gati.
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Gata (गत).—p. p. [gam-kta]
1) Gone, departed, gone for ever; Mu.1.25; किं गते सलिले सेतुबन्धेन, किं गते विवाहे नक्षत्रपरीक्षया (kiṃ gate salile setubandhena, kiṃ gate vivāhe nakṣatraparīkṣayā) Vb.4. 'what is the use of locking the stable-door when the steed is stolen ?'
2) Passed away, elapsed, past; गदायां रात्रौ (gadāyāṃ rātrau).
3) Dead, deceased, departed to the next world; गत एव न ते निवर्तते (gata eva na te nivartate) Ku.4.3.
4) Gone to, arrived at, reaching to.
5) Being in, situated in, resting on, contained in; usually in comp.; प्रासादप्रान्तगतः (prāsādaprāntagataḥ) Pt.1 seated on &c.; सदोगतः (sadogataḥ) R.3.66 seated in the assembly; भर्तारं गता (bhartāraṃ gatā) Ś.4.13 united to a husband; so आद्य° (ādya°); सर्वगत (sarvagata) existing everywhere.
6) Fallen into, reduced to; e. g. आपद्गतः (āpadgataḥ)
7) Referring or relating to, with regard to, about, concerning, connected with (usually in comp.); राजा शकुन्तलागतमेव चिन्तयति (rājā śakuntalāgatameva cintayati) Ś.5; भर्तृगतया चिन्तया (bhartṛgatayā cintayā) Ś4; वयमपि भवत्यौ सखीगतं किमपि पृच्छामः (vayamapi bhavatyau sakhīgataṃ kimapi pṛcchāmaḥ) Ś1; so पुत्रगतः स्नेहः (putragataḥ snehaḥ) &c.
8) Frequented, resorted to; सुहृद्° (suhṛd°) Ku.4.24.
9) Known, celebrated.
1) Directed towards, belonging to.
11) Known, understood.
-tam 1 Motion, going; गतमुपरि घनानां वारिगर्भोदराणाम् (gatamupari ghanānāṃ vārigarbhodarāṇām) Ś.7.7; Śi.1.2, 7.4.
2) Gait, manner of going; Ku.1.34; हंस प्रयच्छ मे कान्ता गतिरस्यास्त्वया हृता (haṃsa prayaccha me kāntā gatirasyāstvayā hṛtā) V.4.16.
3) An event.
4) The place where one has gone.
5) Celebration, being known, diffusion; यावन्नाम्नो गतम् (yāvannāmno gatam) Ch. Up.7.1.5.
6) Manner. (As first member of comp. translated by 'free from', 'bereft of', 'deprived of', 'without'.)(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 363 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Tathāgata (तथागत).—a. 1) being in such a state or condition; तथागतायां परिहासपूर्वम् (tathāgatā...
Sugata (सुगत).—a. 1) well-gone or passed. 2) well-bestowed. -taḥ an epithet of Buddha. Sugata i...
Kaṇṭhāgata (कण्ठागत).—a. come to the throat (as the breath or soul of a dying person). Kaṇṭhāga...
kalāgata (कलागत).—f Sharp contention, angry reviling, squabbling.
Gataprāṇa (गतप्राण).—a. expired, dead; गतासूनगतासूंश्च नानुशोचन्ति पण्डिताः (gatāsūnagatāsūṃśca...
Gatāgata (गतागत).—1) going and coming, frequent visits; आदित्यस्य गतागतैरहरहः संक्षीयते जीवितम्...
Manogata (मनोगत).—a. 1) existing or passing in the mind, concealed in the breast, internal, inw...
Trigata (त्रिगत).—a. 1) tripled. 2) done in three days. Trigata is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Hastagata (हस्तगत).—a. come to hand, fallen into one's possession, obtained, secured; त्वं प्रा...
Gatavayaska (गतवयस्क).—a. advanced in years, aged, old; गतवयसामपि पुंसां येषामर्था भवन्ति ते तर...
Gatārtha (गतार्थ).—a. 1) poor. 2) meaningless (the meaning being already expressed). Gatārtha ...
Kanyāgata (कन्यागत).—the position of a planet in the sign Virgo. Derivable forms: kanyāgatam (क...
Gatabhartṛkā (गतभर्तृका).—1) a widow. 2) (rarely) a woman whose husband has gone abroad (= proṣ...
Gatotsāha (गतोत्साह).—a. disspirited, dejected. Gatotsāha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Gātānugatika (गातानुगतिक).—a. (-kī f.) Caused by blindly following or imitating custom or examp...
Search found 26 books and stories containing Gata. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 2 - Why is the Buddha called Tathāgata < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
Part 6 - Why is the Buddha called Sugata < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
I. Recollection of the Buddha (1): The ten names (adhivacana) < [Part 2 - The Eight Recollections according to the Abhidharma]
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 74 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Heimskringla (by Snorri Sturlson)
Part 153 - Karl Morske's Story < [Chapter VII - Saga Of Olaf Haraldson]
Part 136 - Of The People Of The Farey Islands < [Chapter VII - Saga Of Olaf Haraldson]
Part 145 - Thoralf's Murder < [Chapter VII - Saga Of Olaf Haraldson]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)