Durgati, Durgatī, Dur-gati: 18 definitions


Durgati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Durgati (दुर्गति).—A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 86.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Durgatī (दुर्गती) refers to “(falling into the) bad destinies”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, the Buddha said to the Bhikṣus: ‘Those in whom the five fears (bhaya), the five sins (āpatti) and the five hatreds (vaira) have not been suppressed and extinguished experience innumerable evils in this life in their bodies and their minds for this reason and, in subsequent lives, they fall into the bad destinies (durgatī). Those who do not have the five fears, the five sins and the five hatreds, for this reason are, in this life, happy in every way in body and mind and, in subsequent existences, they are reborn in the heavens (svarga) or in a pleasant abode (sukhavihāra). What are the five fears that must be discarded? 1. Murder (prāṇātipāta), 2. theft (adattādāna), 3. illicit sexual relationships (kāmamithyācāra), 4. falsehood (mṛṣāvāda), 5. alcoholic drinks (madhyapāna)’. All of this is called the Basket of the Abhidharma (abhidharmapiṭaka)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Durgati (दुर्गति, “destination”) or Durgatibhaya refers to the “fear of a bad destination” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 71). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., durgati). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Durgati (दुर्गति) refers to “misfortune”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the cycle of rebirth consisting of endless misfortune (duranta-durgati-maya), sentient beings roam about repeatedly, struck down by spear, axe, vice, fire, corrosive liquid or razor in hell, consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of violent actions in the plant and animal world , and subject to unequalled trouble in the human condition [or] full of desire among the gods. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cycle of rebirth.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durgati (दुर्गति).—f (S Bad state.) Applied to any disgraceful or distressful condition; a pickle, plight, predicament, trouble, scrape. 2 S Hell.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

durgati (दुर्गति).—f Applied to any disgraceful or distressful condition. Hell.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति).—f.

1) misfortune, poverty, want, trouble, indigence; न हि कल्याणकृत्कश्चिद् दुर्गतिं तात गच्छति (na hi kalyāṇakṛtkaścid durgatiṃ tāta gacchati) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.4.

2) a difficult situation or path.

3) hell.

Derivable forms: durgatiḥ (दुर्गतिः).

Durgati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and gati (गति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति).—f. (= Pali duggati), evil destiny or state of being, see s.v. gati: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 260.8; also called apāya, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Hell. 2. Poverty, indigence. 3. A difficult path or site. E. dur bad, ill, gati going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति).—f. 1. distress, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 49, 9. 2. hell, Mahābhārata 12, 5593.

Durgati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and gati (गति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति).—[feminine] ill condition, misery, poverty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Durgati (दुर्गति):—[=dur-gati] [from dur] mfn. = -gata, [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 88, 3]

2) [v.s. ...] f. misfortune, distress, poverty, want of ([genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] hell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति):—[dur-gati] (tiḥ) 2. f. Hell; poverty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Durgati (दुर्गति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Duggaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Durgati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Durgati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Durgati (दुर्गति):—(nf) predicament; misery, miserable state; distress; —[karanā/—banānā] to force into a miserable plight; to give a good thrashing.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Durgati (ದುರ್ಗತಿ):—

1) [noun] a miserable, unfortunate, condemned or distressed condition.

2) [noun] the condition of being poor; poverty; indigence.

3) [noun] bad luck; ill-fortune.

4) [noun] a state or place where the souls of the wicked suffer punishment for the misdeeds done during their lifetime; a hell.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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