Garudavega, Garuḍavega: 7 definitions


Garudavega means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Garudavega in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Garuḍavega (गरुडवेग) is the name of a horse (aśva) in the army of king Vikramāditya from Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... and the following speeches of the military officers, assigning elephants and horses, were heard in the neighbourhood of the city [Ujjayinī] when the kings started, and within the city itself when the sovereign started: ‘[...] and Bāhu and Subāhu [must take] the two horses Śaravega and Garuḍavega...’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Garuḍavega, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Garudavega in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Garuḍavega (गरुडवेग) refers to the “(great) Garuḍa thrust”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rainmaking, weather control and prescriptions for the use of specially empowered pesticides to eliminate crop damage.—The Vajratuṇḍa-samayakalparāja consists of six chapters, e.g., (3) mahāgaruḍavegavajravegajvālitagaruḍahṛdayamaṇḍalī nāma dhāraṇī—“The Great Garuḍa Thrust Vajra Thrust Blazing Garuḍa Heart Ruler Dhāraṇī”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Garudavega in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Garuḍavega (गरुडवेग) is the name of an ancient Vidyādhara-king from Svarṇanāman, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as King Ghanaratha said:—“In the city Svarṇanāman in the north row on Vaitāḍhya in Bharatakṣetra in this very Jambūdvīpa there was a king, Garuḍavega, with the strength of Garuḍa; and he had a blameless wife, Dhṛtiṣeṇā. She bore two sons Candratilaka and Sūryatilaka, heralded by the sight in a dream of a sun and moon placed on her lap. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garudavega in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garuḍavega (गरुडवेग):—[=garuḍa-vega] [from garuḍa] m. ‘having the swiftness of Garuḍa’ Name of a horse, [cxxi, 277]

2) Garuḍavegā (गरुडवेगा):—[=garuḍa-vegā] [from garuḍa-vega > garuḍa] f. Name of a plant, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā liv, 87.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Garudavega in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garudavega in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garuḍavēga (ಗರುಡವೇಗ):—[noun] an unbelievably high speed.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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