Rupadhatu, aka: Rūpadhātu, Rupa-dhatu; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rupadhatu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Rupadhatu in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु) refers to the “gods of the form realm” according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.

Rūpadhātu, also called Brahmaloka, world of the Brahmā gods, with its four dhyānas, is the abode of seventeen groups of gods.

  1. First dhyāna: i) Brahmakāyika, ii) Brahmapurohita, iii) Mahābrahman.
  2. Second dhyāna: i) Parrittābha, ii) Apramāṇābha, iii) Ābhāsvara.
  3. Third dhyāna: i) Parīttaśubha, ii) Apramāṇaśubha, iii) Śubhakṛtsna.
  4. Fourth dhyāna: i) Anabhraka, ii) Puṇyaprasava. iii) Bṛhatphala, and the five Śuddhāvāsikas, iv) Avṛha, v) Atapa, vi) Sudṛśa, vii) Sudarśaṇa, viii) Akaniṣṭha.
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of rupadhatu in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Rupadhatu in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु) or simply rūpa refers to the “form element” and represents one of the eighteen elements (dhātu) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 25). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., rūpa-dhātu). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु, “form realm”) (Pāli: Rūpaloka) is, as the name implies, the first of the physical realms; its inhabitants all have a location and bodies of a sort, though those bodies are composed of a subtle substance which is of itself invisible to the inhabitants of the Kāmadhātu. There are 17-22 Rūpadhātu in Buddhism texts, the most common saying is 18.

Like the beings of the Ārūpyadhātu, the dwellers in the Rūpadhātu have minds corresponding to the dhyānas (Pāli: jhānas). In their case it is the four lower dhyānas or rūpadhyānas. However, although the beings of the Rūpadhātu can be divided into four broad grades corresponding to these four dhyānas, each of them is subdivided into further grades, three for each of the four dhyānas and five for the Śuddhāvāsa-devas, for a total of seventeen grades (the Theravāda tradition counts one less grade in the highest dhyāna for a total of sixteen).

The Devas of the Rupadhatu have physical forms, but are sexless and passionless. They live in a large number of "heavens" or deva worlds that rise, layer on layer, above the earth. These can be divided into five main groups:

  1. The Śuddhāvāsa,
  2. The Bṛhatphala,
  3. The Śubhakṛtsna,
  4. The Ābhāsvara,
  5. The Brahmā.
Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rupadhatu in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु).—m. (= Pali id.), the world (sphere, region) of form, in which dwell the rūpāvacara gods; regularly in contrast with kāma-dhātu and ārūpya- (dhātu), qq.v.: Gv 471.19; LV 428.20; Mvy 3073; KP 94.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1141 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rupa
Rūpa (रूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Like, resembling, (in composition, as pitṛrūpaḥ puttraḥ a son li...
Dhatu
Dhātu (धातु) refers to a list of 16 “ingredients” connected with sixteen great vidyās, accordin...
Kamarupa
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), acc...
Surupa
Surūpā (सुरूपा) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin...
Svarupa
Svarūpa (स्वरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pā or -pī-paṃ) 1. Wise, learned. 2. Pleasing, handsome. 3. Similar...
Vishvarupa
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pī-paṃ) Taking all forms, existing in all forms, universal, om...
Bahurupa
Bahurūpa (बहुरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pī-paṃ) Multiform. m. (-paḥ) 1. Resin. 2. Siva. 3. Vishnu. 4. Lov...
Namarupa
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप) refers to “name and bodily-form” and represents the fourth of the “twelve fac...
Pratirupa
Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n. (-paṃ) A picture, an image, the counterpart of any real form. Adj. Cor...
Purvarupa
Pūrvarūpa (पूर्वरूप) or Pūrvvarūpa.—n. (-paṃ) 1. Indication of some approaching change. 2. Rete...
Dharmadhatu
Dharmadhātu (धर्मधातु).—(1) m. (compare Pali dhamma-dhātu), sphere of religion; regularly rend...
Saptadhatu
Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) The seven parts of the body, or chyle, blood, flesh, adeps, ma...
Shatarupa
Śatarūpā (शतरूपा) refers to the female (nārī) form of Brahmā after he split his body into two f...
Jatarupa
Jātarūpa (जातरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pī-paṃ) Embodied, assuming shape or form. n. (-paṃ) Gold. E. jāta...
Ekarupa
Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E....

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