Rupadhatu, aka: Rūpadhātu, Rupa-dhatu; 3 Definition(s)
Rupadhatu means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु) refers to the “gods of the form realm” according to the “world of transmigration” section in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु) or simply rūpa refers to the “form element” and represents one of the eighteen elements (dhātu) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 25). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., rūpa-dhātu). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु, “form realm”) (Pāli: Rūpaloka) is, as the name implies, the first of the physical realms; its inhabitants all have a location and bodies of a sort, though those bodies are composed of a subtle substance which is of itself invisible to the inhabitants of the Kāmadhātu. There are 17-22 Rūpadhātu in Buddhism texts, the most common saying is 18.
Like the beings of the Ārūpyadhātu, the dwellers in the Rūpadhātu have minds corresponding to the dhyānas (Pāli: jhānas). In their case it is the four lower dhyānas or rūpadhyānas. However, although the beings of the Rūpadhātu can be divided into four broad grades corresponding to these four dhyānas, each of them is subdivided into further grades, three for each of the four dhyānas and five for the Śuddhāvāsa-devas, for a total of seventeen grades (the Theravāda tradition counts one less grade in the highest dhyāna for a total of sixteen).
The Devas of the Rupadhatu have physical forms, but are sexless and passionless. They live in a large number of "heavens" or deva worlds that rise, layer on layer, above the earth. These can be divided into five main groups:
- The Śuddhāvāsa,
- The Bṛhatphala,
- The Śubhakṛtsna,
- The Ābhāsvara,
- The Brahmā.
Search found 881 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Rūpa (रूप) represents one of the four stages of creation corresponding to the Ājñā-cakra, and i...
Dhātu (धातु) refers to a “verb root” as used by Yāska (9th century BCE) in his works dealing wi...
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—a. 1) taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः (jān...
Surūpā (सुरूपा).—A daughter of Viśvakarman. Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu married Surūpā ...
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvar...
Bahurūpa (बहुरूप) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Bahurūpa is rec...
Svarūpa (स्वरूप).—An asura. This asura remains in the palace of Varuṇa and serves him. (Sabhā P...
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप) refers to “name and bodily-form” and represents the fourth of the “twelve fac...
Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m. pl. the seven constituent elements of the body; i. e. chyle, blood, f...
Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—Wife of Svāyambhuva Manu, who took his sister Śatarūpā herself as his wife. ...
Dharmadhātu (धर्मधातु).—an epithet of Buddha. Derivable forms: dharmadhātuḥ (धर्मधातुः).Dharmad...
Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E....
Jātarūpa (जातरूप).—a. beautiful, brilliant. (-pam) 1 gold; पुनश्च याचमानाय जातरूपमदात् प्रभुः (...
Pūrvarūpa (पूर्वरूप) is another name for Pūrvarūpatā: one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of spee...
Dhātukathā:—Name of 3rd book of the Abhidhamma Vism.96.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Rupadhatu, Rūpadhātu or Rupa-dhatu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Abhidharmakośa (by Vasubandhu)
Kammasakata Nana (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 3 - Five kinds of Anāgāmin (non-returners) < [Chapter XLIX - The Four Conditions]
VI.2. Recollection of gods of native purity < [VI. Recollection of the Deities (devatānusmṛti)]
Appendix 1 - Distribution of gods in the three worlds < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Nina Van Gorkom)
The Jhanas (by Henepola Gunaratana Mahāthera)
A Manual of Abhidhamma (by Nārada Thera)