Dharmin, Dharmini, Dharmiṇī: 15 definitions



Dharmin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dharmin (धर्मिन्, “practices”) is variant spelling for Dharmī, which refers to “mode of dramatic representation”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra verse 6.10 and verse 14.61.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—A qualified which is qualified by a property (dharma).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—A thing possessed of properties, द्रव्यः (dravyaḥ) cf. धर्मशब्देन धर्मी भण्यते (dharmaśabdena dharmī bhaṇyate) Kas. on P.III.3.77;cf also the common expression धर्मिग्राहकमानात् (dharmigrāhakamānāt) Par. Sek. on Pari. 55, 66, 79, 82:

2) Dharmin.—The same as dharma in rare cases according to the dictum धर्मघर्मिणो-रभेदोपचारः (dharmagharmiṇo-rabhedopacāraḥ) e. g. वर्णैकं देहि, पुराणैकं देहि (varṇaikaṃ dehi, purāṇaikaṃ dehi); cf. Durghata Vr. on P. II. 1. 49.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dharmin (धर्मिन्) or Dharmiṇī refers to “one endowed with attributes”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The Great God—Mahādeva—is beyond Śakti, supreme bliss, [...] O Supreme Lord! By his awakening, that supreme Kālikā has spontaneously arisen (svecchayā), the one supreme power endowed with those same attributes [i.e., tat-dharma-dharmin]. She is subtle, supreme, tranquil, and delighted by supreme bliss. Śivā has arisen spontaneously (svabhāvata); stainless, she is (all that is) knowable. She is the Supreme Goddess (parameśvarī) who, by her own will, is (both) the Transmental (unmanā) (‘Without Mind’) and With Mind (samanā)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dharmin.—cf. dharmikaḻ (SITI), a body or commission managing endowments. Note: dharmin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—a. [dharmo'styasya-ini]

1) Virtuous, just, pious.

2) Knowing one's duties.

3) Obeying the law.

4) Having the properties of, having the nature, peculiar properties or characteristics of anything (at the end of comp.); षट् सुता द्विजधर्मिणः (ṣaṭ sutā dvijadharmiṇaḥ) Ms.1.41; कल्पवृक्षफलधर्मि काङ्क्षितम् (kalpavṛkṣaphaladharmi kāṅkṣitam) R.11.5.

5) Following the habits of any person. m. An epithet of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—mfn. (-rmī-rmiṇī-rmmi) 1. Virtuous, pious, just. 2. Endowed with a peculiar property or faculty. E. dharma, and ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—i. e. dharma + in, adj., f. iṇī. I. Virtuous, Mahābhārata 7, 1663. Ii. Having special qualities, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10948. Iii. Latter part of comp. adj. 1. Following the law of (Bhagavant), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 23, 10. 2. Bound by the law of (the twice born), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 41. 3. Following the habits of (beasts), Mahābhārata 1, 3480. 4. Having the nature of (perishableness), [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 10. 5. Having duties (to each other), Mahābhārata 14, 708.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmin (धर्मिन्).—[adjective] knowing or observing the law, virtuous, just; having the right, duty, manners or characteristics of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharmin (धर्मिन्):—[from dhara] mfn. knowing or obeying the law, faithful to duty, virtuous, pious, just, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] endowed with any characteristic mark or peculiar property, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvyādarśa] (cf. below), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) following the laws or duties of, having the rights or attributes or peculiarities of. having anything as a characteristic mark, subject to any state or condition, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. the bearer of any characteristic mark or attribute, object, thing, [Kapila]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 14th Vyāsa, [Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharmiṇī (धर्मिणी):—[from dharmin > dhara] f. a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman (cf. dhārmiṇeya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmin (धर्मिन्):—[(rmmī-rmmiṇī-rmmi) a.] Virtuous.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dharmin (धर्मिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhammi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dharmin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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