Saptadhatu, Saptadhātu, Sapta-dhatu, Saptan-dhatu: 9 definitions


Saptadhatu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadhatu in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—The seven fundamental tissues;—The most important elements that constitute our body are the dhātus. They are the basic tissues that play an important role in development, nourishment, sustaining the body and they support the formation of the basic body structure. Hence, they are termed as ‘dhātus’ as the Sanskrit word ‘dhatu’ means “constructing element”.

There are seven types of dhātus.

  1. rasa or lasikā (plasma or nutrient fluid; predominant element: water),
  2. rakta (blood or the hemoglobin part of the blood; predominant element: fire),
  3. māṃsa (muscular tissue; predominant element: earth),
  4. meda or vasā (adipose or fat tissue; predominant element: earth),
  5. asthi (bone tissues: tendons and ligaments; predominant elements: air, space),
  6. majjā (bone marrow; predominant element: fire),
  7. śukra (reproductive or generative tissues; predominant element: water).

The dhātus are formed as a result of the action of jaṭharāgni, the diestive fire (enzymes) that breaks down food in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु) refers to the “(seven) constituent elements”, which is targeted by poison (viṣa) when spreading through the body, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—[...] Spread of poison is compared to spread of tamarind in milk. Viṣa (poison) stays at bite site for 100 mātras (unit of time), then combines with vāta and subsequently circulate throughout the body. The sequence of its travel will be first to the forehead, then to eyes, all over the face and eventually into the sapta-dhātus (constituent elements). Signs and symptoms which indicate forthcoming death are tremors, redness of lateral ends of eyes and edematous appearance of mouth. If signs of life cannot be seen even after expulsion of urine and faeces, death can be assured.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadhatu in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—A horse yoked to the moon's chariot.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 126. 52.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadhatu in Hinduism glossary
Source: Soma Matha: Sapta Dhātu

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु, “seven tissues”).—Āyurveda teaches that the body is comprised of Saptadhātu. It is said that when food is digested, the digested nutrients nourish each dhātu in turn: first rasa, then rakta, then, māmsa , then meda , then majjā, then śukra / ārthava. When there are sufficient nutrients absorbed from properly digested food, strong healthy dhātus are built from the nutrients. From the intake of food, it takes about 5 days for each of the seven dhātus to be nourished one in succession. This whole process takes about 35 days for a healthy individual. Once rasa-dhātus has been nourished, 5 days later the remaining nutrients will be used to nourish rakta, and then each of the other dhātus in order until the nutrients are all utilized .

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadhatu in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m pl (S) The seven elementary substances of the body; viz. chyle, blood, flesh, fat, marrow, bone, semen (rasa, rakta, māṃsa, mēda, majjā, asthi, śukra); or, according to some authorities, vasā, rudhira, māṃsa, mēda, majjā, asthi, snāyu. 2 The seven metallic substances; viz. gold, silver, copper, lead, tin, iron, bell-metal (suvarṇa, rajata, tāmra, vaṅga, nāga, tīkṣṇaka, kāṃsya).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadhatu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m. pl. the seven constituent elements of the body; i. e. chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow, and semen; (rasāsramāṃsa- medo'sthimajjānaḥ śukrasaṃyutāḥ).

Saptadhātu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and dhātu (धातु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m.

(-tuḥ) The seven parts of the body, or chyle, blood, flesh, adeps, marrow, bone, and semen. E. sapta seven, and dhātu element.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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