Dhi, Dhī: 27 definitions


Dhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dhī (धी, “imaginative fancy”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Dhi (धि).—A technical term used for sonant consonants in the Pratisakhya and old grammar works; cf. धि शेषः (dhi śeṣaḥ) V. Pr.I.53, explained by Uvvata as वर्गाणां उत्तरास्त्रयः यरलवहकाराश्च धिः (vargāṇāṃ uttarāstrayaḥ yaralavahakārāśca dhiḥ) V.Pr. I.53; the term धि (dhi) corresponds to हश् (haś) of Panini;

2) Dhi.—Personal ending धि (dhi) substituted for हि (hi) of the impera. 2nd sing. e.g. जुहुधि, छिन्द्धि, भिन्द्धि, श्रुधि, रारन्धि (juhudhi, chinddhi, bhinddhi, śrudhi, rārandhi) etc.; cf.P.V.4.101-103.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dhī (धी) refers to “wit”, as mentioned in verse 5.37-39 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] [ghee is] recommended for wit [viz., dhī], memory, intellect, digestion, strength, longevity, sperm, eyes, [...]: ghee [viz., ghṛta] (is) possessed of a thousand powers (and), by its (many) ways of application, productive of a thousand effects”.

Note: Dhī (“wit”), smṛti (“memory”), medhā (“intellect”), and—a little later—svara (“voice”) have been specified by suitable attributes: blo rno (“sharp wit”), dran gsal (“bright memory”), yid gźuṅs (“keen intellect”), and skad sñan (“melodious voice”).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Dhī (धी):—Understanding , intelligence , wisdom

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dhī (धी) refers to the “intellect”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa verse 2.1-35, while explaining the cycles of the goddesses of consciousness.—Accordingly, “[...] (This group of five) consists of the Void (śūnya), vital breath (prāṇa), intellect (dhī), and the senses of knowledge and action. (These together are) the body (kāya), which as an insentient, external object of the senses consists of the (five gross elements) starting with Space and ending with Earth. It is attended by perfected yogis whose foundation (ādhāra) is the experience of the infinite (anantānubhava)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dhī (धी) refers to “sense”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Punarvasu will be noted for truthfulness, generosity, cleanliness, respectable descent, personal beauty, sense (dhī), fame and wealth; they will also be merchants, dealing in excellent articles, will be fond of service and will delight in the company of painters and sculptors. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Dhī (धी) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—dhī] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Dhī (धी)—One of the eleven wives of Rudra, called a Rudrāṇī.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dhī (धी, ‘thought’) is used several times in the Rigveda to denote the ‘prayer’ or ‘hymn of praise’ of the singer. One poet speaks of himself as ‘weaving’ such a prayer, while another refers to his ‘ancient ancestral hymn’, which he refurbishes presumably for use.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Dhī (धी) refers to a “wise man”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a Bhikṣu, Brāhmaṇa, wise man (dhī), or a wealthy man is seen, it brings virtue. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dhī.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: dhī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhi : (ind.) fie! shame! woe!

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dhi, 2 (f.) (Sk. dhīḥ to didheti, cp. Av. dī to see, Goth. (filu-) deisei cunning. See also dhīra) wisdom, only in Com. expl. of paññā: “dhi vuccati paññā” (exegesis of dhīra) at Nd1 44=J.II, 140=III, 38. (Page 341)

2) Dhi, 1 & Dhī (indecl.) (Sk. dhik) an excln of reproach & disgust: fie! shame! woe! (with Acc. or Gen.) S.V, 217 (read dhī taṃ for dhītaṃ); Dh.389 (dhī=garahāmi DhA.IV, 148); J.I, 507; DhA.I, 179 (haṃ dhī), 216 (v. l. BB but text has haṃdi). An inorganic r replaces the sandhi-cons. in dhī-r-atthu jīvitaṃ Sn.440; cp. Th.I, 1150; dhi-r-atthu jātiyā J.I, 59. (Page 341)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhī (धी).—f S Understanding, intellect, mind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhī (धी).—f Understanding, intellect, mind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhi (धि).—I. 6 P. (dhiyati) T hold, have, possess. -With सम् (sam) to make peace, treat with; cf. संधा (saṃdhā) -II. (or dhinv) 5 P. (dhinoti) To please, delight; satisfy; पश्यन्ति चात्मरूपं तदपि विलुलितस्रग्धरेयं धिनोति (paśyanti cātmarūpaṃ tadapi vilulitasragdhareyaṃ dhinoti) Gītagovinda 12; धिनोति नास्माञ्जलजेन पूजा त्वयान्वहं तन्वि वितन्यमाना (dhinoti nāsmāñjalajena pūjā tvayānvahaṃ tanvi vitanyamānā) N.8.97; Uttararāmacarita 5.27; Kirātārjunīya 1.22.

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Dhi (धि).—(At the end of comp. only) A receptacle store, reservoir &c.; as in उदधि, इषुधि, वारिधि, जलधि (udadhi, iṣudhi, vāridhi, jaladhi) &c.

Derivable forms: dhiḥ (धिः).

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Dhī (धी).—4 Ā (dhīyate)

1) To disregard, disrespect.

2) To propitiate.

3) To hold, contain.

4) To accomplish, fulfil.

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Dhī (धी).—[dhyai bhāve kvip saṃprasāraṇaṃ ca]

1) (a) Intellect, understanding; धियः समग्रैः स गुणैरुदारधीः (dhiyaḥ samagraiḥ sa guṇairudāradhīḥ) R.3.3; cf. कुधी, सुधी (kudhī, sudhī) &c. धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् (dhiyo yo naḥ pracodayāt) Gāyatrimantra; तत्राज्ञानं धिया नश्येदाभासात्तु घटः स्फुरेत् (tatrājñānaṃ dhiyā naśyedābhāsāttu ghaṭaḥ sphuret) Vedāntasāra. (b) Mind; दुष्टधी (duṣṭadhī) wicked-minded; स्थितधीः किं प्रभाषेत (sthitadhīḥ kiṃ prabhāṣeta) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.54; R.3.3.

2) Idea, imagination, fancy, conception; न धियां पथि वर्तसे (na dhiyāṃ pathi vartase) Kumārasambhava 6.22; ध्यायन्ति चान्यं धिया (dhyāyanti cānyaṃ dhiyā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 136.

3) A thought, intention, purpose, propensity; इमामहं वेद न तावकीं धियम् (imāmahaṃ veda na tāvakīṃ dhiyam) Kirātārjunīya 1.37.

4) Devotion, prayer.

5) A sacrifice.

6) Knowledge, science.

7) (in Horoscope) The fifth house from the लग्न (lagna).

Derivable forms: dhīḥ (धीः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhi (धि).—interj. (= Pali id., Sanskrit dhik), fie! out upon it!: hā hā dhi muṣyanti hi (v.l. °ti mi, i.e. °ti ime) sarvasattvā Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 351.6 alas, alas, fie! for all creatures (or, all these crea- tures) are deceived (or, lost). WT read śuṣyanti; both edd. take dhi as the preverb adhi with the verb, but it is surely the interj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhi (धि).—r. 6th cl. (dhiyati) To have hold, to keep, to possess. tudā0 pa0 saka0 aniṭ .

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Dhī (धी).—[(o ṅa) odhīṅ] r. 4th cl. (dhīyate) 1. To contain, to hold. 2. To light, to disregard or despise. 3. To accomplish. With antara, To disappear, to become invisible. divā0 ā0 saka0 aniṭ .

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Dhī (धी).—f.

(-dhīḥ) Understanding, intellect. E. dhyai to meditate, affix kvip, the final diphthong rejected, and the semi-vowel changed to its congener i, which becomes long. dhai-sampa-bhāve-kkip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhi (धि).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To hold (akin to dhā).

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Dhi (धि).—[-dhi] (vb. dhā, form of an old ptcple, dhant, cf. ūdhan, payodhas and payodhi), latter part of comp. nouns, The receptacle for keeping that which the preceding part denotes; cf. e. g. ambu-dhi.

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Dhī (धी).—i. 4, [Ātmanepada.] (properly pass. of dhā), To hold, to disregard, or to accomplish.

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Dhī (धी).—(vb. dhyai), f. 1. Knowledge, Bhāṣāp. 45; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 92. 2. Intellect, mind, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 122. 3. Devotion, Chr. 293, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 88, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhi (धि).—1. dhinoti nourish, refresh, gladden.

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Dhi (धि).—2. [masculine] receptacle (only —°).

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Dhī (धी).—1. v. dīdhī & dhyā.

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Dhī (धी).—2. [feminine] thought, idea, notion, intention, opinion, intelligence, wisdom, art; devotion, prayer, (often personif.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhi (धि):—1. dhi [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] dhiyati (didhāya, dheṣyati etc.) to hold ([Dhātupāṭha xxviii, 113]). Prob. formed [from] √1. dhā, of which it is the weak form.

2) 2. dhi m. receptacle (only ifc.; cf. ambu-, iṣuetc.)

3) 3. dhi or dhinv [class] 5. [Parasmaipada] dhinoti ([Aorist] adhinvīt, [Brāhmaṇa]; [perfect tense] didhinva; [future] dhinviṣyati, dhinvitā [grammar])

—to nourish, satiate, satisfy, [Brāhmaṇa];

—to delight, please, [Kāvya literature]

4) 4. dhi = adhi2 (e.g. in dhi-ṣṭhita [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] for adhi-ṣṭhita q.v.; cf. pi = api, va = ava).

5) Dhī (धी):—1. dhī [class] 3. [Ātmanepada] dīdhīte, etc., [Ṛg-veda] (cf.dīdhī; the forms dhīmahi and adhāyi belong rather to √1. dhā; [perfect tense] dīdhaya, dhima, dhiyur or dhyur, dhire, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa])

—to perceive, think, reflect;—wish, desire:—[Intensive] dedhyat, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

6) 2. dhī f. thought, ([especially]) religious thought, reflection, meditation, devotion, prayer ([plural] Holy Thoughts personified), [Ṛg-veda]

7) understanding, intelligence, wisdom (personified as the wife of Rudra-Manyu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), knowledge, science, art

8) mind, disposition, intention, design (ifc. intent upon, [Kāvya literature])

9) notion, opinion, the taking for ([compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (yathā dhiyā or dhiyā na, according to thy wisdom or will; itthā dhiyā or dhiyaḥ, willingly [literally] such is thy will, [Ṛg-veda])

10) Name of the 5th house from the Lagna, [Varāha-mihira]

11) 3. dhī [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] dhīyate, to contain, hold ([Passive voice] of √1. dhā?);

—to slight, disregard;

—to propitiate (?), [Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 37.]

12) 4. dhī f. for , splendour, [Ṛg-veda iii, 34, 5; vi, 3, 3.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhi (धि):—(śa) dhiyati 6. a. To have, to keep or hold or possess. (na) dhinoti 5. a. To satisfy; to go.

2) Dhī (धी):—(ya, ṅa, o) dhīyate 4. d. To contain; to slight; to accomplish.

3) (dhīḥ) 3. f. Understanding.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhī (धी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Dhi (धि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhik.

2) Dhī (धी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhī.

3) Dhī (धी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhik.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhī (ಧೀ):—[noun] the ability to a) learn or understand from experience, b) acquire and retain knowledge, and c) respond quickly and successfully to a new situation, d) think and act rationally and wisely; intelligence; wisdom.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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