Vedha: 19 definitions



Vedha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vedha (वेध):—Sixteenth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Vedha-saṃskāra is mainly used for transmutational alchemical purposes. In other words: the last ten saṃskāras are sequentially used for the ends of transmutational and elixir alchemy. By knowing the method of Vedha (vedha-vidhāna), one becomes an expert in the knowledge of dhātu-vedhana (transformation of lower metals into higher metals). This saṃskāra is also known as Vedhana (वेधन).

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Vedha (“transmutation”) and Śarīrayoga (“transusbstantiation”), together consitute the final end of the alchemist’s work. As such, they are as much the issue of the sixteen prior saṃskāras as alchemical operations in themselves.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vedha (वेध).—A name of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 5. 31.

1b) A measure of time.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 6.

1c) A name of Brahmā1 (s.v.). He created a daughter Śatarūpā (Sāvitrī); she was so charming that he himself fell in love with her; her brothers like Vasiṣṭha and she herself deplored the absurdity of a father marrying his daughter; the creator turned a deaf ear and all his attention became centred on her; to see her wherever she was he created more eyes on all his five faces; after ordering his sons to take up the work of creation, he lived with Śatarūpā for years in the midst of the lotus flower unseen by others, like an ordinary human being. To him was born Manu Svāyambhuva also known as Virāṭ and Ādipuruṣa; from him were born the Vairāja devas and others;2 grandfather of all the worlds.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 24; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 21. 59.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 3. 29 to the end.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 40; 108. 42; 109. 26.

1d) A name of Bṛhaspati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 23.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vedha (वेध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.12, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vedha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Studies in India Cultural History: Indian Science of Cosmetics and Perfumery

Vedha (वेध).—One of the processes for manufacturing cosmetics and perfumes mentioned by Gaṅgādhara;—Vedha is an extension of bodha, which means reviving the scent of a perfume with the help of aromatic ingredients acting as reviving agents.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vedha (वेध).—Depth. Note: Vedha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vedha (वेध) means “piercing” (viz., the piercing course of the Kuṇḍalinī energy), according to the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The cardinal characteristic of Kaula initiation is that the teacher imparts it by awakening in his disciple the energy of Kuṇḍalinī, which once aroused rises upward, piercing (vedha) through the spiritual centres (cakra—lit. ‘wheels’) in the disciple's subtle body. The Kubjikā Tantras attribute this to the Command.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vedha : (m.) piercing; shooting; pricking.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vedha, (adj. -n.) (fr. vidh=vyadh, cp. vyādha) 1. piercing, pricking, hitting A. II, 114 sq. (where it is said of a horse receiving pricks on var. parts, viz. on its hair: loma°; its flesh: maṃsa°; its bone: aṭṭhi°). —avedha (to vyath!) not to be shaken or disturbed, imperturbable Sn. 322 (=akampana-sabhāva SnA 331).—2. a wound J. II, 274 sq.—3. a flaw Miln. 119.—Cp. ubbedha. (Page 648)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēḍha (वेढ).—n f (vēṣṭana) A ring (of silver &c.) for the fingers or toes. 2 m C Girth or circumference.

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vēḍhā (वेढा).—m (vēṣṭana S) A ring around; an environing circle; an encompassing line. v ghāla. 2 A turn around (as of a rope around a body). 3 A circle described by a moving body, a ring, a gyre: also a whirl, a circular turn, a gyration (as of a top, a screw &c.) Pr. phiratyā bhōṃvaṛyācē vēḍhē mōjatāṃ yēta nāhīnta. 4 A turn round upon the levigating slab. Ex. vēḍhābhara mātrā dilhī; vēḍhābhara auṣadha ugāḷalēṃ. vēḍhā ghālaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To besiege or invest.

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vēdha (वेध).—m (S) Perforation, piercing, boring. 2 Perforation or puncture made, a hole pierced. 3 Piercedness, affection by a piercing body. 4 The ingress of a luminary at an eclipse: also the malign and unhallowed influence or operation attributed to the approaching obscuration: also the affectedness by it of the subject. Of this evil operation and the inauspicious state produced by it, the duration is, in a solar eclipse, twelve hours before the commencement of the obscuration, and, in a lunar eclipse, nine hours. During this period dining &c. are forbidden. 5 The arriving upon or the remaining upon a day on which is fallen or is to fall any particular tithi, nakshatra &c. of a portion of the following or preceding tithi or nakshatra, and the action of it (as benign or evil) upon that day. Ex. āja maṅgaḷavārī daśamī dōna ghaṭikā āṇi ēkādaśī paḍalī sattāvanna ghaṭikā tasmāt hyā ēkādaśīsa daśamīcā vēdha āhē. 6 The bearing upon and affecting generally of one nakshatra &c. upon another: also the point-blank opposition, and thus the piercing or transfixing (as fancied) of one object generally with respect to another. Note. The falling of one object directly in the line of another is viewed as dire and fearful. Thus the door of a house should not exactly front the gate of the yard; one window must not face another &c. 7 Hence the word is freely used in the sense of Opposition, impediment, hinderance, occurrent obstacle, difficulty, let, bar, block; also in that of Encumbrance, embarrassment, clog, oppressive and worrying operation (as of worldly cares and troubles); ex. jātōṃ kharā parantu vēdha na ālā mhaṇajē barā; mājhē kāmāmadhyē vēdha ālā; prapañcācā vēdha jyācē pāṭhīmāgēṃ āhē tyālā khēḷa tamāśēṃ kōṭhūna sucatīla; also in that of Care, concern, solicitude, anxiety; or urgency, pressure; ex. hyā kāmācā malā vēdha asā lāgalā kīṃ rātrīṃ malā jhōpa nāhī; also in that of Lively and never-intermitted remembrance; a constant pricking; ex. harīcā vēdha lāgalā gē bāī. 8 Depth or thickness, the third of the geometrical dimensions. 9 Ingress or entrance. Ex. ēkaēkāsīṃ hōya vēdha || pari prāptiviṇa navhē bōdha ||. 10 (Piercing or piercedness.) Deeply entering into and affecting: also deeply affected state. Synonymously with chanda, nāda &c. v lāga. Ex. vācēsī lāgalā tōci vēdha || vinōdēṃ bōlē śivaśabda ||. vēdha karaṇēṃ In astronomy. To take an observation (of a heavenly body).

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vēdhā (वेधा).—m S A name of Brahmadewa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēḍha (वेढ).—n f vēḍhēṃ n A ring for the fingers or toes.

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vēḍhā (वेढा).—m A ring around. A turn around. A whirl. vēḍhā ghālaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Besiege or invest.

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vēdha (वेध).—m Perforation. The ingress of a luminary atan eclipse. Encumbrance. A constant pricking.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vedha (वेध).—

1) Penetrating, piercing, perforation.

2) Wounding, a wound.

3) A hole, an excavation.

4) The depth (of an excavation).

5) A particular measure of time.

6) The ninth part of Paridhi; परिधिनवमभागः शूकधान्येषु वेधः (paridhinavamabhāgaḥ śūkadhānyeṣu vedhaḥ) Līlā.

7) Fixing the position of the sun, planets or the stars.

8) Disturbance.

Derivable forms: vedhaḥ (वेधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedha (वेध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Perforation, piercing. 2. Wounding. 3. A particular division of time. 4. Depth, (in measurement.) E. vyadh to pierce, aff. ac; or vidh-ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedha (वेध).—i. e. vyadh + a, m. 1. Piercing, breaking through, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 95. 2. Perforation. 3. Depth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedha (वेध).—[masculine] piercing, opening.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vedha (वेध):—1. vedha mfn. (√vidh) = vedhas, pious, faithful, [Atharva-veda] ([varia lectio])

2) 2. vedha m. (√vyadh) penetration, piercing, breaking through, breach, opening, perforation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) hitting (a mark), [Mahābhārata]

4) puncturing, wounding, a wound, [Suśruta]

5) a [particular] disease of horses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) hole, excavation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) the depth of an excavation, depth, [Caraka] (also in measurement, [Colebrooke])

8) intrusion, disturbance, [Vāstuvidyā]

9) fixing the position of the sun or of the stars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) mixture of fluids, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a [particular] process to which quicksilver is subjected, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

12) a [particular] measure or division of time (= 100 Truṭis = 1/3 Lava), [Purāṇa]

13) Name of a son of Ananta, [Vahni-purāṇa]

14) Vedhā (वेधा):—[from vedha] f. a mystical Name of the letter m, [Upaniṣad]

15) Vedha (वेध):—[from vyadh] a etc. See 2. vedha, p. 1018, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedha (वेध):—(dhaḥ) 1. m. Perforation; depth; measure of time next to one truti, 100 trutis.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vedha (वेध):—(von vyadh)

1) m. a) Durchbohrung [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1523.] von Perlen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 81, 22.] maṇi [SARVADARŚANAS. 180, 6.] das Treffen eines Geschosses [Mahābhārata 8, 3615.] bāṇavedhe paraṃ yatnamakarot [12, 6300.] Durchbruch: yatra yatra vivedaughavedhaṃ salilaviplave . tatra tatra vitastāyāḥ pravāhānnūtanānvyadhāt .. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 95.] — b) Durchstich, Oeffnung [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 6, 1, 29. 30.] śoṇiteṃna sirāvedhādvisarpatā [Suśruta 2, 344, 20.] — c) Tiefe, Vertiefung [Algebra 97. 103.] aṅgulamekaṃ nābhirvedhena [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 23.] — d) Fixirung des Standes der Sonne oder der Sterne [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 3, 3] [?(vgl. KERN in der Uebers. z. d. Stenzler). GAṆIT. BHAGRAHAY. 6, Comm.] vedhena grahajñānam [GOLĀDHY. 11, 13,] Comm. [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 227.] valaya [Colebrooke II, 325.] — e) Bez. eines best. Processes, dem das Quecksilber unterworfen wird, [SARVADARŚANAS. 100, 7.] loha [13.] deha [14.] — f) ein best. Zeitmaass, = [100] Truṭi = (1/3) Lava [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 11, 6.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 22,] [Nalopākhyāna 3.] — g) Nomen proprium; s. u. (vedhas 5). —

2) f. ā mystische Bez. des Buchstabens ma [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 336.] — Vgl. arka, karṇa, mahā, roma, śabda .

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Vedha (वेध):—vgl. oben nāsā .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vedha (वेध) [Also spelled vedh]:—(nm) perforation; penetrating/piercing; (planetary) observation; ~[ka] perforator; he who or that which penetrates/pierces/observes; ~[na] perforation; penetration/piercing; observation; hence ~[nīya, vedhya] (a).

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