Dhava, Dhāva: 26 definitions


Dhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Dhava (धव) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Anogeissus latifolia (axlewood) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as dhava).”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dhava (धव, “husband, lord”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “axle wood”, a species tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. In the Hindi language, this tree is known as Dhaurā or Bākalī. The official botanical name of the plant is Anogeissus latifolia and in English it is commonly known as “axle wood” or “crane tree”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Dhava (धव) is classified as a “tree beneficial for the construction of temples”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The eco-friendly suggestions of Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa are seen to protect the greenery and to balance a pollution free environment. [...] The architect is suggested to go to the forest to collect appropriate wood (e.g., from the Dhava tree) for temples in an auspicious day after taking advice from an astrologer. [...] According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the woods of some particular trees remain beneficial for the construction of temples. At the time of cutting the trees [e.g., Dhava] one should clean the axe by smearing honey and ghee. After collecting the suitable wood from forest, the architect uses it according to his requirements and purposes.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Dhava (धव)—Sanskrit word for a plant (Anogeissus latifolia).

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Dhava (धव) is the name of a tree (Grislea tormentosa) mentioned, together with the Plakṣa, Aśvattha, and Khādira, in the Atharvaveda.

2) Dhava (धव, ‘man’) is not found before the Nirukta. The word clearly owes its existence merely to vidhavā, ‘widow’, wrongly interpreted as vidhavā, ‘without a husband’.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Dhāva (धाव) refers to “running”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] There are also other females [who are] headless and running (dhāvaka), headless and dancing, and legless and sleeping. [Some] have heads [in the shape] of beaks of a crow and other [birds] They also dance with joy because of being in a great meditative state. This way, he should make lunar mansions and so on [placed] in the middle of the ground. [They] should be known in [their] respective colors. Everyone has a vehicle. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dhava (धव) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Grislea tomentosa) under which the parents of Pārśva are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Dhātakī. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Pārśva is the twenty-third of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Aśvasena and his mother is Vāmā according to Śvetāmbara or Varmilā according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Dhava (धव) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Dhava tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Dhava [धव] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guillem. & Perr. from the Combretaceae (Rangoon creeper) family. For the possible medicinal usage of dhava, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Dhava in India is the name of a plant defined with Artocarpus lakoocha in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Artocarpus yunnanensis Hu (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica (1832)
· Taxon (1977)
· Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology (1937)
· Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (1957)
· Mem. Wern. Soc. (1826)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dhava, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhava : (m.) husband; the acacia tree.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dhava, 2 (Sk. dhava, a newly formed word after vidhava, widow, q. v.) a husband ThA.121 (dh. vuccati sāmiko tad abhāvā vidhavā matapatikā ti attho). (Page 340)

2) Dhava, 1 (Sk. dhava=madhuratvaca, Halāyudha) the shrub Grislea Tomentosa A.I, 202, 204; J.IV, 209; VI, 528. (Page 340)

— or —

Dhāva, (Sk. dhāva) running, racing M.I, 446. (Page 341)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhavā (ढवा).—m An hermaphrodite. 2 Applied reproachfully to the musician or attendent of a courtesan. Pr. miṇamiṇīta divā, kṛpaṇācā kēvā, gājarācā mēvā, hijaḍyācā ḍhavā (hē cāra anupayōgī).

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dhava (धव).—m (S) A husband. In comp. with the name of the wife prefixed; as rāmādhava, sītādhava.

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dhavā (धवा).—a (dhavala S) White.

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dhāva (धाव).—m f A certain soft, red stone. Baboons are said to draw it from the bottom of brooks, and to besmear their faces with it.

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dhāva (धाव) [or धांव, dhāṃva].—f ē (dhāvana S) Running, a run, a race. v māra, ṭhōka; also mōḍa, jira, khaca, sampa &c. 2 The extent or distance of a run. Ex. ēthūna tyācēṃ ghara dhāṃvabhara āhē. 3 The iron band of a wheel, the strake or tyre. 4 The inclined plane at a drawwell. 5 fig. Extent of inclination or ability; utmost stretch of one's means. Ex. hyā lagnāsa hajāra rupayē kharcūṃ itakī āmacī dhāṃva. 6 Repairing to for refuge; betaking one's self to; reference, resort. Pr. mulācī dhāṃva āīpāvētōṃ; andhaḷyācī dhāṃva ku- ḍāpāvētōṃ; saraḍācī dhāṃva kumpaṇāparyanta; manuṣyācī dhāṃva rājāparyanta. 7 A burrow or hole (as of rats, snakes, ants). dhāṃva ghēṇēṃ To quicken pace; to begin to run. dhāṃva māraṇēṃ To ask an exorbitant price.

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dhāvā (धावा) [or धांवा, dhāṃvā].—m ( H or from dhāvaṇēṃ) Calling upon (a god &c.) for instant aid, invocation. Ex. nāhīṃ mājhā dhāvā paḍiyēlā kānīṃ || kōṭhēṃ cakrapāṇi gutalē tī ||. 2 A song or piece of poetry in which a deity is invoked. The word dhāvā recurs throughout it. dhāvā māraṇēṃ To cry out Help! help! run! run! à moi!

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍhavā (ढवा).—m An hermaphrodite.

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dhava (धव).—m A husband.

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dhāva (धाव) [or dhāṃva, or धांव].—f The extent or distance of a run. The iron band of a wheel, the tyre. The inclined plane at a draw- well. Extent of ability; utmost stretch of one's means.

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dhāvā (धावा) [or dhāṃvā, or धांवा].—m Invocation. A song.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhava (धव).—

1) Shaking, trembling.

2) A man.

3) A husband, as in विधवा (vidhavā).

4) A master, lord.

5) A rogue, cheat.

6) A kind of tree; Anogeissus latifolia; (Mar. dhāvaḍā); Rām.1.24.15.

Derivable forms: dhavaḥ (धवः).

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Dhāva (धाव).—a. (At the end of comp.) Washing, cleaning &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhava (धव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A husband. 2. A man. 3. A rogue, a cheat. 4. A tree, (Grislea tomentosa.) E. dhū to make tremble, (children, &c.) affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhava (धव).—m. 1. A man, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 109. 2. A husband, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 20. 3. A lord, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14952. 4. A shrub, Grislea tomentosa Roxb., [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 26, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhava (धव).—1. [masculine] [Name] of a plant.

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Dhava (धव).—2. [masculine] man, husband, master, lord.

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Dhāva (धाव).—[adjective] & [substantive] washing, cleansing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhava (धव):—1. dhava m. Grislea Tomentosa or Anogeissus Latifolia, [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata] etc., [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) 2. dhava m. (accent. only, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]; said by some to be [from] √dhū, but more probably a secondary formation [from] vi-dhavā q.v.) a man, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 3; Pañcatantra ii, 109]

3) a husband, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 16, 20]

4) lord, possessor, [Harivaṃśa 14952]

5) rogue, cheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Vasu ([wrong reading] for dhara?), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) Dhāva (धाव):—[from dhāv] mfn. washing, cleansing (ifc.; cf. asi-, caila-)

8) [v.s. ...] m. See danta-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhava (धव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A husband; a man; a cheat; Grislea tomentosa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhava (धव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Dhava in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a small commonplace hotel; thatched roofing of a hut..—dhava (ढाबा) is alternatively transliterated as Ḍhābā.

2) Dhāvā (धावा):—(nm) a raid, charge, attack, assault; —[karanā] to attack, to raid; —[bolanā] to launch an attack/expedition; —[māranā] to cover a long distance, to make a long march; —[honā] to be raided/attacked.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Dhava (धव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhava.

2) Dhāva (धाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhāv.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhava (ಧವ):—

1) [noun] a male human being; a man.

2) [noun] a man as related to a woman to whom he is married; a husband.

3) [noun] a master, owner, lord or employer.

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Dhāva (ಧಾವ):—[noun] the iron band of a cart-wheel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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