Dhava, aka: Dhāva; 11 Definition(s)


Dhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Dhava (धव) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Anogeissus latifolia (axlewood) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as dhava).”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dhava (धव, “husband, lord”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “axle wood”, a species tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. In the Hindi language, this tree is known as Dhaurā or Bākalī. The official botanical name of the plant is Anogeissus latifolia and in English it is commonly known as “axle wood” or “crane tree”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhava (धव)—Sanskrit word for a plant (Anogeissus latifolia).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Dhava (धव) is the name of a tree (Grislea tormentosa) mentioned, together with the Plakṣa, Aśvattha, and Khādira, in the Atharvaveda.

2) Dhava (धव, ‘man’) is not found before the Nirukta. The word clearly owes its existence merely to vidhavā, ‘widow’, wrongly interpreted as vidhavā, ‘without a husband’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhava (धव) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Grislea tomentosa) under which the parents of Pārśva are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Dhātakī. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Pārśva is the twenty-third of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Aśvasena and his mother is Vāmā according to Śvetāmbara or Varmilā according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dhava (धव) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Dhava tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhava in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhava : (m.) husband; the acacia tree.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dhava, 2 (Sk. dhava, a newly formed word after vidhava, widow, q. v.) a husband ThA.121 (dh. vuccati sāmiko tad abhāvā vidhavā matapatikā ti attho). (Page 340)

2) Dhava, 1 (Sk. dhava=madhuratvaca, Halāyudha) the shrub Grislea Tomentosa A.I, 202, 204; J.IV, 209; VI, 528. (Page 340)

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Dhāva, (Sk. dhāva) running, racing M.I, 446. (Page 341)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ḍhavā (ढवा).—m An hermaphrodite. 2 Applied reproachfully to the musician or attendent of a courtesan. Pr. miṇamiṇīta divā, kṛpaṇācā kēvā, gājarācā mēvā, hijaḍyācā ḍhavā (hē cāra anupayōgī).

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dhava (धव).—m (S) A husband. In comp. with the name of the wife prefixed; as rāmādhava, sītādhava.

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dhavā (धवा).—a (dhavala S) White.

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dhāva (धाव).—m f A certain soft, red stone. Baboons are said to draw it from the bottom of brooks, and to besmear their faces with it.

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dhāva (धाव) [or धांव, dhāṃva].—f ē (dhāvana S) Running, a run, a race. v māra, ṭhōka; also mōḍa, jira, khaca, sampa &c. 2 The extent or distance of a run. Ex. ēthūna tyācēṃ ghara dhāṃvabhara āhē. 3 The iron band of a wheel, the strake or tyre. 4 The inclined plane at a drawwell. 5 fig. Extent of inclination or ability; utmost stretch of one's means. Ex. hyā lagnāsa hajāra rupayē kharcūṃ itakī āmacī dhāṃva. 6 Repairing to for refuge; betaking one's self to; reference, resort. Pr. mulācī dhāṃva āīpāvētōṃ; andhaḷyācī dhāṃva ku- ḍāpāvētōṃ; saraḍācī dhāṃva kumpaṇāparyanta; manuṣyācī dhāṃva rājāparyanta. 7 A burrow or hole (as of rats, snakes, ants). dhāṃva ghēṇēṃ To quicken pace; to begin to run. dhāṃva māraṇēṃ To ask an exorbitant price.

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dhāvā (धावा) [or धांवा, dhāṃvā].—m ( H or from dhāvaṇēṃ) Calling upon (a god &c.) for instant aid, invocation. Ex. nāhīṃ mājhā dhāvā paḍiyēlā kānīṃ || kōṭhēṃ cakrapāṇi gutalē tī ||. 2 A song or piece of poetry in which a deity is invoked. The word dhāvā recurs throughout it. dhāvā māraṇēṃ To cry out Help! help! run! run! à moi!

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhavā (ढवा).—m An hermaphrodite.

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dhava (धव).—m A husband.

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dhāva (धाव) [or dhāṃva, or धांव].—f The extent or distance of a run. The iron band of a wheel, the tyre. The inclined plane at a draw- well. Extent of ability; utmost stretch of one's means.

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dhāvā (धावा) [or dhāṃvā, or धांवा].—m Invocation. A song.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhava (धव).—

1) Shaking, trembling.

2) A man.

3) A husband, as in विधवा (vidhavā).

4) A master, lord.

5) A rogue, cheat.

6) A kind of tree; Anogeissus latifolia; (Mar. dhāvaḍā); Rām.1.24.15.

Derivable forms: dhavaḥ (धवः).

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Dhāva (धाव).—a. (At the end of comp.) Washing, cleaning &c.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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