Adhana, Ādhāna, Ādhana: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Adhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adhan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ādhana (आधन).—One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Ādhāna (आधान) refers to the “first laying of the fires”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“The sacrificial vessels are kept from the first laying of the fires (ādhāna) for the whole life”. Commentary: All sacrificial vessels and instruments are to be kept, and most of them are burnt with the sacrificer at his death.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ādhāna.—cf. dāna-adhāna-vikraya (IE 8-5); mortgaging. Cf. n = ādheyaṃ na ca vikreyam (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXV, p. 218). Note: ādhāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhana : (adj.) poor. || ādhāna (nt.), 1. laying; 2. receptacle; 3. a hedge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ādhāna, (nt.) (ā + dhāna) — 1. putting up, putting down, placing, laying A.IV, 41 (aggissa ādhānaṃ, v. l. of 6 MSS ādānaṃ). — 2. receptacle M.I, 414 (udak°), cp. ādheyya. ‹-› 3. enclosure, hedge Miln.220 (kaṇṭak° thorny brake, see under kaṇṭaka).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhaṇa (अधण).—n Ebullition, boiling up. v . 2 Boiling water or water set to boil. 3 Juice of the sugar-cane as set in the boiler to be inspissated. 4 fig. Weight, burden, charge, responsibility (as of a business). v ṭhēva. 5 Relying or resting upon; trust or confidence reposed. v ṭhēva. 6 Used in the sense of apamṛtyu. Pr. adhaṇāntalē raḍatāta supāntalē hāsatāta Man jeers his fellow creature suffering under woes to which himself is liable.

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adhana (अधन).—a (S) Wanting wealth, poor, indigent.

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ādhaṇa (आधण).—n See adhaṇa.

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ādhāṇa (आधाण) [or न, na].—n A term for a desperate sickness, an alarming danger, an awful accident; for any impending or threatening death. v yē, jā, cuka, ṭaḷa, vāra, nivāra.

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ādhāna (आधान).—n S Fixing, establishing, placing. 2 The first ceremony in Agnihotra,--the excitation of fire by attrition of the wood of Premna spinosa. 3 Abridged from garbhādhāna. 4 See ādāna Sig. III.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhaṇa (अधण).—n Ebullition, boiling up. Boiling water.

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ādhaṇa (आधण).—n Ebullition; charge; boiling water.

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ādhāṇa (आधाण) [-na, -न].—n A term for an alarming danger.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhana (अधन).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Without wealth, poor. कृत्वा नृशंसं ह्यधने धिगस्त्वधनतामिह (kṛtvā nṛśaṃsaṃ hyadhane dhigastvadhanatāmiha) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.8.11.

2) Not entitled or competent to possess independent property (in law); भार्या पुत्रश्च दासश्च त्रय एवाधनाः स्मृताः । यत्ते समधिगच्छन्ति यस्य ते तस्य तद्धनम् (bhāryā putraśca dāsaśca traya evādhanāḥ smṛtāḥ | yatte samadhigacchanti yasya te tasya taddhanam) || Manusmṛti 8.416.

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Ādhāna (आधान).—1 Placing, putting upon; समिदाधानं, तुलाधानम् (samidādhānaṃ, tulādhānam) &c.

2) (a) Taking, having. (b) Receiving, recovering. (c) Containing or being in possession of anything or consecrating.

3) Keeping the sacred fire (agnyādhāna), a ceremony performed with the sacred fire; पुनर्दारक्रियां कुर्यात् पुनराधानमेव च (punardārakriyāṃ kuryāt punarādhānameva ca) Manusmṛti 5.168.

4) Doing, executing, performing; आज्ञापयामास नरेन्द्रसूनुः स्वर्गीयमाधानमदीनसत्त्वः (ājñāpayāmāsa narendrasūnuḥ svargīyamādhānamadīnasattvaḥ) Rām. 6.19.24. (svargīyamādhānam = pretakṛtyam)

5) Infusing, putting in, inspiring, imparting; गुणो विशेषाधानहेतुः सिद्धो वस्तुधर्मः (guṇo viśeṣādhānahetuḥ siddho vastudharmaḥ) S. D.2; निश्चयाधानम् (niścayādhānam) K.262; प्रजानां विनयाधानाद्रक्षणाद् भरणादपि (prajānāṃ vinayādhānādrakṣaṇād bharaṇādapi) R.1.24 imparting or providing moral instruction.

6) (a) Engendering, producing, कौतुकाधानहेतोः (kautukādhānahetoḥ) Meghadūta 3; गर्भाधान- क्षणपरिचयात् (garbhādhāna- kṣaṇaparicayāt) 9. (b) Assigning, attributing, employing.

7) Effort, exertion, application; Mv.3.13.

8) A pledge, deposit; Y.2.238,247. विक्रयाधानवर्ज्यम् (vikrayādhānavarjyam) Kau. A.2.1.

9) A place where anything is deposited, a receptacle, as in पक्वाधानम्, पुरुषाधानम्, अयं मध्यमः प्राणः तस्येद- मेवाधानम् (pakvādhānam, puruṣādhānam, ayaṃ madhyamaḥ prāṇaḥ tasyeda- mevādhānam) Bṛ. Up.2.2.1.

1) A surety.

11) Enclosure, circuit.

12) A ceremony performed previous to conception; see गर्भाधान (garbhādhāna).

13) cohabitation (maithuna) तवापि मृत्युराधानादकृतप्रज्ञ दर्शितः (tavāpi mṛtyurādhānādakṛtaprajña darśitaḥ) Bhāgavata 9.9.36.

Derivable forms: ādhānam (आधानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhāna (आधान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Taking, having. 2. Receiving, recovering. 3. A ceremony performed with consecrated fire. 4. A pledge, a deposit. 5. A surety. 6. A ceremony performed pervious to conception: see garbhādhāna. E. āṅ before dhā to have, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādhāna (आधान).—i. e. ā-dhā + ana, n. 1. Adding, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 176. 2. Preparing the holy fire, Mahābhārata 3, 8194. 3. Lighting the nuptial fire, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 186. 4. Conception, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 3. 5. Pledging, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 238. 6. Using, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 24.

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Adhana (अधन).—adj., f. . 1. having no property, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 416. 2. poor, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 15, 18.

Adhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and dhana (धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhana (अधन).—[adjective] having no wealth, poor.

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Ādhāna (आधान).—[neuter] placing, adding, causing, producing; depositing, deposit, pledge; receptacle, enclosure; also = agnyādhāna & garbhādhāna q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Ādhāna (आधान) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Bik. 105. Oppert. 1391. Ii, 5311. 8617.
—by Tryambaka. K. 4.
—Āpast. Io. 1635. B. 1, 146. Bik. 105.
—Baudh. Io. 395. 1851.
—Baudh. by Anantadeva. K. 4. B. 1, 182.
—Baudh. by Navahasta. B. 1, 182.
—Hiraṇyak. Poona. Ii, 30.

2) Ādhāna (आधान):—a Pariśiṣṭa of the Sv. Ulwar 266.

3) Ādhāna (आधान):—śr. Hz. 1112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhana (अधन):—[=a-dhana] mfn. destitute of wealth.

2) Ādhāna (आधान):—[=ā-dhāna] [from ā-dhā] n. putting near or upon, depositing, placing, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] lighting, kindling, placing a fire (especially the sacred fire, cf. agny-ā above), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] impregnating (cf. garbhā), [Meghadūta iii, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a ceremony performed before coition

6) [v.s. ...] adding, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti]

7) [v.s. ...] causing, effecting, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Meghadūta] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] pledging, depositing, [Yājñavalkya]

9) [v.s. ...] taking, having, receiving

10) [v.s. ...] assigning, attributing, employing

11) [v.s. ...] containing, being in possession of

12) [v.s. ...] the place in which anything is deposited or rests, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] the bit of a bridle, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhana (अधन):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-naḥ-nā-nam) Poor, without wealth. E. a priv. and dhana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhana (अधन):—[a-dhana] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Poor.

2) Ādhāna (आधान):—[ā-dhāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Taking; recovering a pledge; a surety; a ceremony to promote conception.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adhana (अधन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Adhaṇa, Ahaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādhāna (आधान) [Also spelled adhan]:—(nm) containing; depositing; -[pātra] a container.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Adhaṇa (अधण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Adhana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aḍhāṇa (ಅಢಾಣ):—[noun] = ಅಢಾಳ [adhala].

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Adhana (ಅಧನ):—[adjective] having no money; lacking material possessions; poor.

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Adhana (ಅಧನ):—

1) [noun] a destitute; an indigent man; a poor.

2) [noun] a state of deep distress; calamity.

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Ādhāna (ಆಧಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act of placing (an object) (on or at so and so place etc.); a depositing (of something).

2) [noun] the act or an instance of receiving.

3) [noun] the act of consisting or involving or the state of being consisted of, (something).

4) [noun] a thing deposited with one as a deposit for safe custody; a pledge.

5) [noun] an assurance, as against loss, damage or default; security; guarantee; a surety.

6) [noun] an appointing, designating or assigning.

7) [noun] a container or a vessel (with reference to something it contains or holds in); 8) the act or fact of bearing; a conceiving; conception.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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