Adhama: 9 definitions

Introduction

Adhama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhama : (adj.) mean; low; ignoble.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhama, (adj.) (Vedic adhama = Lat. infimus, superl. of adho, q. v.) the lowest (lit. & fig.), the vilest, worst Sn.246 (narâdhama), 135 (vasalâdhama); Dh.78 (purisa°); J.III, 151 (miga°); V, 394 (uttamâdhama), 437 (id.), 397; Sdhp.387. (Page 27)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhama (अधम).—a (S) Inferior or low. 2 fig. Mean, base, vile, bad.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhama (अधम).—a Low; fig. vile, mean, base.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhama (अधम).—a. 'one who does not blow.' cf. अधमः कुत्सिते न्यूने अधःस्थाध्मानयोरपि (adhamaḥ kutsite nyūne adhaḥsthādhmānayorapi) Nm.

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Adhama (अधम).—a. [av-ama; avateḥ amaḥ, vasya pakṣe dhaḥ Uṇ.5.54.] The lowest, vilest, meanest; very bad, or low, or vile (in quality, worth, position &c.) (opp. uttama); अधम- मध्यमोत्तमाः (adhama- madhyamottamāḥ) or उत्तमाधममध्यमाः (uttamādhamamadhyamāḥ) &c.; शस्त्रावपाते गर्भस्य पातने- चोत्तमो दमः । उत्तमो वाधमो वापि पुरुषस्त्रीप्रमापणे (śastrāvapāte garbhasya pātane- cottamo damaḥ | uttamo vādhamo vāpi puruṣastrīpramāpaṇe) || Y.2.277. oft. at the end of comp.; नर°, द्विज° (nara°, dvija°); चाण्डालश्चाधमो नृणाम् (cāṇḍālaścādhamo nṛṇām) Ms.1.12 lowest in position; अधम° (adhama°) the vilest of the vile, the meanest wretch.

-maḥ 1 An unblushing sensualist (bhayadayālajjāśūnyaḥ kāmakrīḍāviṣaye kartavyākartavyāvicārakaḥ Śabda K.); वापीं स्नातुमितो गतासि न पुनस्तस्याधमस्यान्तिकम् (vāpīṃ snātumito gatāsi na punastasyādhamasyāntikam) K. P.1.

2) A sort of योग (yoga) or conjunction of planets (nṛṇāṃ vittajñānādiṣu adhamatvasūcakaḥ ravicandrayoḥ sthitiviśeṣarūpo yogabhedaḥ Tv.)

-mā A bad mistress (hitakāripriyatame'hitakā- riṇī). [cf. L. infimus].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhama (अधम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Inferior, low. 2. Vile, despicable. E. ava to preserve, ama Unadi affix, and va changed to dha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhama (अधम).—[adjective] undermost, lowest, worst of (—°).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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