Adarsha, Ādarśa, Adarśa: 26 definitions
Adarsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ādarśa and Adarśa can be transliterated into English as Adarsa or Adarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Adarsh.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 30.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 11. 22; Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 70. 11.
1b) A son of the Third Sāvarṇa Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 84.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Ādarśa (Mirror) - Notion of the evanescence of the material delusion. The world is but a reflection in the mirror of the pure mind. So the mirror represents the perfectly clear mind in which all is reflected but not held or contained.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Ādarśa (आदर्श) (or Ādara) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Ādarśa] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Ādarśa (आदर्श) refers to a “mirror”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.19cd-26, while instructing to visualize Sadāśiva in order to worship the formless Amṛteśa]—“[He] resembles the swelling moon, a heap of mountain snow. [...] [Sadāśiva has] a shield, a mirror (ādarśa), a bow (spheṭakādarśacāpaṃ ca), a citron tree, and a water jar. At his head is a half moon. [He who meditates of Sadāśiva] should perceive the Eastern face as yellow; the Southern a wrathful, terrible black [that has] an unnatural, tusked mouth. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Ādarśa (आदर्श):—Sanskrit word meaning “mirror”.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)
Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna refers to “mirror-like gnosis” and represents one of the “five gnoses” (pañcajñāna), according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—The five gnoses (pañcajñāna) in terms of various masteries are [e.g., ādarśa-jñāna (mirror-like gnosis) is associated with the five bala (powers)]. [...] These associations are referenced to the Māyājālatantra in manuscript A (alone).Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi
Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna (“mirror-like wisdom”) refers to one of the “five wisdoms” (Pañcajñāna), according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The crown of five skulls symbolize the pañcajñāna, "The Five Wisdoms": 1) ādarśa-jñāna, "mirror-like wisdom", 2) samatā-jñāna, "the wisdom of equality", 3) pratyavekṣā-jñāna, "discriminating wisdom", 4) kṛtyanuṣṭhāna-jñāna, "the wisdom of action", 5) tathatā-jñāna, "the wisdom of thusness".
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Ādarśa (आदर्श) refers to a “mirror”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (227) Just as a mirror (ādarśa) would never bring pleasure to those who had their noses and ears sliced off, so, having heard the true accusation, they will reject the true dharma. (228) There will be monks who receive the true dharma and behave accordingly, but no one will listen to their dharmas. [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Google Books: Foundations of Indian Psychology
Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna refers to the “pristine wisdom that is mirror-like” which represents one of the five inseparable aspects of pristine wisdom in Buddhist Psychology.—The ‘pristine wisdom that is mirror-like’ (ādarśa-jñāna) reflects the void sphere of reality (dharmadhātu) in its fullness, without getting perturbed into disturbing emotional states (through karmic tendencies) and habitual colouring (through vāsana). This is the aspect of unwavering clarity. This is the capability behind the aggregate of vijñāna. The grounded context that formulates vijñāna (qualified knowing) dissolves by the recognition free from confusion. The power that drives the affliction of hatred is transformed into its purified form as the power for unperturbed clear experience.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: HereNow4U: Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa
Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśavidyā refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined in the Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa.—Ādarśa refers to that Vidyā, through which reflection of a patient in the mirror is effaced and the patient is cured.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ādarśa (आदर्श).—m S A mirror. 2 A commentary.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ādarśa (आदर्श).—m A mirror; a commentary.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Day of new moon.
2) A mirror (= ādarśa).
Derivable forms: adarśaḥ (अदर्शः).
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Ādarśa (आदर्श).—&c. See under. आदृ, आदृश् (ādṛ, ādṛś).
See also (synonyms): ādara.
--- OR ---
Ādarśa (आदर्श).—[ādṛśyate'tra, dṛś ādhāre ghañ]
1) A mirror, a looking-glass; यथादर्शे तथात्मनि (yathādarśe tathātmani) Kaṭh. Up.6.5. यथादर्शो मलेन च (yathādarśo malena ca) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.38. आत्मानमालोक्य च शोभमानमादर्शबिम्बे स्तिमि- तायताक्षी (ātmānamālokya ca śobhamānamādarśabimbe stimi- tāyatākṣī) Kumārasambhava 7.22.
2) The original manuscript from which a copy is taken; (fig.) a pattern, model, type; आदर्शः शिक्षितानाम् (ādarśaḥ śikṣitānām) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.48; आदर्शः सर्वशास्त्राणाम् (ādarśaḥ sarvaśāstrāṇām) K.5; so गुणानाम् (guṇānām) &c.
3) A copy of a work.
4) A commentary, gloss. cf. आदर्शो दर्पणे दीका प्रतिपुस्तकयोरपि (ādarśo darpaṇe dīkā pratipustakayorapi) Medinī.
5) A particular boundary of a country.
6) Name of a country.
Derivable forms: ādarśaḥ (आदर्शः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rśaḥ) 1. A Mirror. 2. A commentary. 3. The original manuscript from which a copy is taken. E. āṅ, dṛśi to see, ghañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ādarśa (आदर्श).—i. e. ā-dṛś + a, and ādarśaka ādarśa + ka, m. A mirror, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 38.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ādarśa (आदर्श).—[masculine] looking-glass, mirror; reflected image; illustration, copy, commentary.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Ādarśa (आदर्श) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in [dharma] See Ācārādarśa, Kālādarśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Adarśa (अदर्श):—[=a-darśa] 1. a-darśa (for ā-darśa) m. a mirror.
2) [v.s. ...] 2. a-darśa m. day of new moon.
3) Ādarśa (आदर्श):—[=ā-darśa] a etc. See ā-√dṛś.
4) [=ā-darśa] [from ā-dṛś] b m. the act of perceiving by the eyes
5) [v.s. ...] a looking-glass, mirror, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] ‘illustrating’, a commentary (often = -darpaṇa)
7) [v.s. ...] ideal perfection
8) [v.s. ...] a copy [commentator or commentary] on [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of the eleventh Manu, [Harivaṃśa]
10) [v.s. ...] Name of a country [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini]
11) [v.s. ...] of a species of Soma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] of a mountain.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rśaḥ) 1) Day of the new moon. See darśa.
2) A mirror. See ādarśa. E. This word seems to be an incorrect reading of darśa or ādarśa; but in the former sense it may be a [tatpurusha compound] composed of a neg. and darśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ādarśa (आदर्श):—[ā-darśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A mirror; a manuscript; a commentary.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Ādarśa (आदर्श) [Also spelled adarsh]:—(nm) an ideal, a model, norm; pattern; (a) ideal, model; ~[vāda/vāditā] Idealism; ~[vādī] an idealist; idealistic.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Adarśa (ಅದರ್ಶ):—[noun] the day on which the moon is directly in line between the earth and sun, and therefore invisible; a new moon-day.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a piece of glass, coated on the reverse side as with silver or an amalgam, that reflects the images of objects; a looking glass; a mirror.
2) [noun] the object to be attained; intention or purpose; an aim.
3) [noun] the highest conception of any thing an exemplary manner, behaviour, system of life etc.; a standard; a model; an ideal.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+6): Adarshabimba, Adarshajnana, Adarshaka, Adarshakara, Adarshakate, Adarshaloka, Adarshamandala, Adarshamandalanirbhasa, Adarshamaya, Adarshamukha, Adarshan, Adarshana, Adarshanajnana, Adarshanapatha, Adarshanavidhi, Adarshani, Adarshanibhu, Adarshaniya, Adarshapraya, Adarshaprayate.
Ends with (+44): Acaradarsha, Adidivadarsha, Adinavadarsha, Amoghadarsha, Anadarsha, Ankadarsha, Anubhavadarsha, Ashaucadarsha, Atmadarsha, Avasanadarsha, Brahmadarsha, Brahmanamahimadarsha, Caramadarsha, Dattadarsha, Devadarsha, Dhaturupadarsha, Dikshadarsha, Divadarsha, Dravyadarsha, Duradarsha.
Full-text (+23): Adarshaka, Adarshamandala, Arasiya, Adarshana, Adarshamaya, Adarshabimba, Ayamsa, Adarshanajnana, Adarshanibhu, Pratyadarsha, Adarshavidya, Suktyadarsha, Jaladarsha, Adarshaniya, Ayamsaga, Kaladarsha, Acaradarsha, Chandomartanda, Kavyadarsha, Chandomatanga.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Adarsha, Ādarśa, Adarsa, Adarśa, A-darsha, A-darśa, A-darsa, Ā-darśa; (plurals include: Adarshas, Ādarśas, Adarsas, Adarśas, darshas, darśas, darsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Review < [January 1959]
Reviews < [July 1964]
Reviews < [October 1970]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Ninth comparison or upamāna: A reflection (bimba) in a mirror (ādarśa) < [Bodhisattva quality 19: the ten upamānas]
Part 4 - Illuminating the darkness of the intermediary worlds < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Part 11 - Attaining saṃbodhi on a bed of celestial robes < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 192 [Reflection of Self as in the mirror is Sṛṣṭi] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Vasistha Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)
Chapter 1.6 - From Ācārya Tulsi to Modern Times < [Chapter 1 - The Jain Yoga Tradition—A Historical Review]