Adarsha, Ādarśa, Adarśa: 30 definitions


Adarsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ādarśa and Adarśa can be transliterated into English as Adarsa or Adarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Adarsh.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Ādarśa (Mirror) - Notion of the evanescence of the material delusion. The world is but a reflection in the mirror of the pure mind. So the mirror represents the perfectly clear mind in which all is reflected but not held or contained.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ādarśa (आदर्श).—Its use for dressing. Devahūtī used it to dress herself;1 auspicious to look at in the morning.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 30.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 11. 22; Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 70. 11.

1b) A son of the Third Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 84.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ādarśa (आदर्श) (or Ādara) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Ādarśa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ādarśa (आदर्श) refers to a “mirror”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.19cd-26, while instructing to visualize Sadāśiva in order to worship the formless Amṛteśa]—“[He] resembles the swelling moon, a heap of mountain snow. [...] [Sadāśiva has] a shield, a mirror (ādarśa), a bow (spheṭakādarśacāpaṃ ca), a citron tree, and a water jar. At his head is a half moon. [He who meditates of Sadāśiva] should perceive the Eastern face as yellow; the Southern a wrathful, terrible black [that has] an unnatural, tusked mouth. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adarsha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ādarśa (आदर्श) refers to the “mirror (of the highest reality), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] The gaze [which is initially] spread out in all directions very gradually becomes inward. [Then, the yogin] sees himself through himself in the spotless mirror (amala-ādarśa) of the highest reality. At first, the gaze goes forth [and] is fixed on anything. Having become steady on that very [thing], it gradually disappears. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Ādarśa (आदर्श):—Sanskrit word meaning “mirror”.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ādarśa (आदर्श) refers to a “mirror”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (227) Just as a mirror (ādarśa) would never bring pleasure to those who had their noses and ears sliced off, so, having heard the true accusation, they will reject the true dharma. (228) There will be monks who receive the true dharma and behave accordingly, but no one will listen to their dharmas. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna refers to “mirror-like gnosis” and represents one of the “five gnoses” (pañcajñāna), according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—The five gnoses (pañcajñāna) in terms of various masteries are [e.g., ādarśa-jñāna (mirror-like gnosis) is associated with the five bala (powers)]. [...] These associations are referenced to the Māyājālatantra in manuscript A (alone).

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna (“mirror-like wisdom”) refers to one of the “five wisdoms” (Pañcajñāna), according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The crown of five skulls symbolize the pañcajñāna, "The Five Wisdoms": 1) ādarśa-jñāna, "mirror-like wisdom", 2) samatā-jñāna, "the wisdom of equality", 3) pratyavekṣā-jñāna, "discriminating wisdom", 4) kṛtyanuṣṭhāna-jñāna, "the wisdom of action", 5) tathatā-jñāna, "the wisdom of thusness".

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Foundations of Indian Psychology

Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśajñāna refers to the “pristine wisdom that is mirror-like” which represents one of the five inseparable aspects of pristine wisdom in Buddhist Psychology.—The ‘pristine wisdom that is mirror-like’ (ādarśa-jñāna) reflects the void sphere of reality (dharmadhātu) in its fullness, without getting perturbed into disturbing emotional states (through karmic tendencies) and habitual colouring (through vāsana). This is the aspect of unwavering clarity. This is the capability behind the aggregate of vijñāna. The grounded context that formulates vijñāna (qualified knowing) dissolves by the recognition free from confusion. The power that drives the affliction of hatred is transformed into its purified form as the power for unperturbed clear experience.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa

Ādarśa (आदर्श) or Ādarśavidyā refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined in the Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa.—Ādarśa refers to that Vidyā, through which reflection of a patient in the mirror is effaced and the patient is cured.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Ādarśa (आदर्श) (in Sanskrit) possibly refers to the Ardhamāgadhī word ādaṃsa (“mirror”), according to the Bharahesaracaritta, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

Source: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Ādarśa (आदर्श) (Sanskrit; in Prakrit: Addāga) refers to a “mirror”, as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa: (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa), according to the  Sthānāṅgasūtra (Sūtra 755).—The Paṇhavāgaraṇa is the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Adarsa in India is the name of a plant defined with Justicia adhatoda in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Adhatoda zeylanica Medik. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bangladesh Journal of Botany (1990)
· Historia et Commentationes Academiae Electoralis Scientiarum et Elegantiorum Literarum Theodoro-Palatinae (1790)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1996)
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores (Wallich) (1829)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Adarsa, for example health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ādarśa (आदर्श).—m S A mirror. 2 A commentary.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ādarśa (आदर्श).—m A mirror; a commentary.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adarśa (अदर्श).—

1) Day of new moon.

2) A mirror (= ādarśa).

Derivable forms: adarśaḥ (अदर्शः).

--- OR ---

Ādarśa (आदर्श).—&c. See under. आदृ, आदृश् (ādṛ, ādṛś).

See also (synonyms): ādara.

--- OR ---

Ādarśa (आदर्श).—[ādṛśyate'tra, dṛś ādhāre ghañ]

1) A mirror, a looking-glass; यथादर्शे तथात्मनि (yathādarśe tathātmani) Kaṭh. Up.6.5. यथादर्शो मलेन च (yathādarśo malena ca) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.38. आत्मानमालोक्य च शोभमानमादर्शबिम्बे स्तिमि- तायताक्षी (ātmānamālokya ca śobhamānamādarśabimbe stimi- tāyatākṣī) Kumārasambhava 7.22.

2) The original manuscript from which a copy is taken; (fig.) a pattern, model, type; आदर्शः शिक्षितानाम् (ādarśaḥ śikṣitānām) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.48; आदर्शः सर्वशास्त्राणाम् (ādarśaḥ sarvaśāstrāṇām) K.5; so गुणानाम् (guṇānām) &c.

3) A copy of a work.

4) A commentary, gloss. cf. आदर्शो दर्पणे दीका प्रतिपुस्तकयोरपि (ādarśo darpaṇe dīkā pratipustakayorapi) Medinī.

5) A particular boundary of a country.

6) Name of a country.

Derivable forms: ādarśaḥ (आदर्शः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādarśa (आदर्श).—m.

(-rśaḥ) 1. A Mirror. 2. A commentary. 3. The original manuscript from which a copy is taken. E. āṅ, dṛśi to see, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādarśa (आदर्श).—i. e. ā-dṛś + a, and ādarśaka ādarśa + ka, m. A mirror, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādarśa (आदर्श).—[masculine] looking-glass, mirror; reflected image; illustration, copy, commentary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ādarśa (आदर्श) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in [dharma] See Ācārādarśa, Kālādarśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adarśa (अदर्श):—[=a-darśa] 1. a-darśa (for ā-darśa) m. a mirror.

2) [v.s. ...] 2. a-darśa m. day of new moon.

3) Ādarśa (आदर्श):—[=ā-darśa] a etc. See ā-√dṛś.

4) [=ā-darśa] [from ā-dṛś] b m. the act of perceiving by the eyes

5) [v.s. ...] a looking-glass, mirror, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] ‘illustrating’, a commentary (often = -darpaṇa)

7) [v.s. ...] ideal perfection

8) [v.s. ...] a copy [commentator or commentary] on [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of the eleventh Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a country [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini]

11) [v.s. ...] of a species of Soma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] of a mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adarśa (अदर्श):—m.

(-rśaḥ) 1) Day of the new moon. See darśa.

2) A mirror. See ādarśa. E. This word seems to be an incorrect reading of darśa or ādarśa; but in the former sense it may be a [tatpurusha compound] composed of a neg. and darśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādarśa (आदर्श):—[ā-darśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A mirror; a manuscript; a commentary.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ādarśa (आदर्श) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ayaṃsa, Āyaṃsa, Āyaṃsaga, Ārasiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adarsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adarsha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādarśa (आदर्श) [Also spelled adarsh]:—(nm) an ideal, a model, norm; pattern; (a) ideal, model; ~[vāda/vāditā] Idealism; ~[vādī] an idealist; idealistic.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adarśa (ಅದರ್ಶ):—[noun] the day on which the moon is directly in line between the earth and sun, and therefore invisible; a new moon-day.

--- OR ---

Ādarśa (ಆದರ್ಶ):—

1) [noun] a piece of glass, coated on the reverse side as with silver or an amalgam, that reflects the images of objects; a looking glass; a mirror.

2) [noun] the object to be attained; intention or purpose; an aim.

3) [noun] the highest conception of any thing an exemplary manner, behaviour, system of life etc.; a standard; a model; an ideal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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