The Catu-Bhanavara-Pali (critical study)

by Moumita Dutta Banik | 2017 | 50,922 words

This study deals with the Catu-Bhanavara-Pali, (lit. “Text of the Four Recitals”) which in Buddhism is popularly known as “The Book of Protection”. This text, in the Pali language, represents a recital of the Dhamma meant for protection and deliverance from evil and sorrows as well as promoting welfare and well-being. The spreading time of Catubhan...

Paritta and Tantra

In Mahayana literature dharani or Raksha sutra have been given importance immensely. Vaidic Mantra specially as has been indicated in Ayurveda, blessing and magical power has enormous influence in India. The Buddhist also gives importance to these. We have seen that in India and Srilanka different suttas have been recited to get rid off various evil incidence. Buddha himself also has used various magical Mantras for protection. Therefore both Buddhist and Hindu God and Goddesses have been attributed with these suttas and prayers the Buddhist are also part of these. Naturally Mahayana sutra and dharani can not be differented. In different Mahayana suttas there are praises of dharani.

In the Megha sutra we find the mention of the beauty of dharani sutta. There we find that God wants blessing and welfare and unity and found for all.

In the Mahayana suttas numerous dharani have been included. Nalanda, Bikramshila and Odantapuri etc. have been praised by the scholars of the various University acharayas as have been impressed by the Buddhist rituals or Buddhist tantras. Therefore this tantric Buddhism was spread in India and Tibet. There are at least four ideas as–Mantrayana, Vajrayana, Kalacakrayana and Sahajayana.

There are very little difference among them. They can be considered as a branch of Vajraya and Mahayana.

They can not be completely differentiated. For salvation besides mantras, vajra, is also essential. This word has different meaning and one meaning is diamond and like a diamond it is hard, unbreakable and unperishable. Vajra is the weapon of Lord Indra. That is why in Buddhist dharma Lord Indra has been given a name Vajrapani. Vajra therefore is the ultimate truth and art and conscious. Vajra is the ultimate void and impenetrable and there is no demarcation line. The Mahayana sutta and Mantrayana and Vajrayana are also equally related.

Kalacakrayana is a branch of the tantric Buddhism. The Kalacakra is a proven book and impared from Nepal. The author of this is Sucandra. Kalacakrayana is today preacher and writer. Abhayakara Gupta was a king of the eleventh century who wrote numerous books on tantra. One most noteable book of his is Buddha paul tantra tika.

The book of Vimal prabha says that the Kalacakra void is different and a does not include anything that is bad, on the other hand it includes the power of Bhagavati prana sakti, Kalacakra is a link to laughing and happiness but has no limitation or end. He is the father of all Buddhas and among them Trikaya and Trikala is the ultimate God and he is ultimately prayed.

Trikal is past, present and future. The past, present and future ultimately mixes together and gives the Buddhist Tribidha image-creater, sensnal and religious. The sanleecti word creats and iamge of a common human being and gives us and image of his belonging to the upper class and has innermeaning which has been discussed in detail. In kalcakra we get to rid about the differences and gain the ultimate knowledge.

Whatever books, we have got about Kalacakra most deals with the philosophical aspects of life. In this discussion the philosophy gains most importance. Abhayakara Gupta in the book of Kalacakra abtar the philosophical discussion finds the maximum importance. The Kalacakra discusses about the eternity of time and its calculation. Therefore it can be said that their life was controlled by the stars and this calculations. This is the reason why they have been called the Kalacakras.[1]

The thing to be discussed next is the idea of kalcakra tantra Adi Buddha[2] Previously it has been said that on the first part of the 10th century the mid India saw the evolve of Adi Buddha’s ideas. Adi Buddha is praised with the help of fire-flame (Agnishikha) because the Achariya thing that the fire-fleam are eternal, which has existence. In the Sayambhu purana we find the reference that it was in Nepal that the first evolution of Adi Buddha was found in the form of fire-fleam. And Ano they Buddha God Manjushri fleam was kept in a temple which came to be known as the ancient (Swambhu Chaitta). Dr. Binayetosh Bhattachariya has said that tnatra included in Adi Buddha from the kalcakra tantra. According G. P. Mallasekara Adi Buddha got its inspiration from the ancient Bouddha dharma.

According the theravadi. If aspired Buddha could lid a normal human life. Accoring to the book named Sukhavati Guha a Buddha can lead crores of imaginary life. Again people belonging to be to lok clan Sakkamuin maid is physical appearance in this world in this form. According the book Subarna Prabhasa sutta the same idea is follow. R. N. Salatore Adi Buddha is related to Bajrayana Bouddha dhamma.

According to him the biggest God of the vajrayana close is Adi Buddha from whom evolve allt he dhani Buddhas Adi Buddha is praised by all yet there is no prayer or mantras in his name although pancha dhani Buddha or dhanmagna Buddhas have been created by his powers. They have been described by Alice Getty as Adi Buddha. When Adi Buddha recited as human then he was referred to as Vajradhar.

Vajradhar can be seen a neumours forms as dengarous, that is embressing power. In some Tibetian reference Vajradhar is related closely to Vajra sutta when Vajradhar is alove his ‘Vajra’ is on his right hand and a bell on his left homd and both his hands in ‘Vajra hunkar mudra’ that is his two hands placed over his chest is a crossed manner. He is embressing his companion Sakti which is known as Prajna paramita.’ Vajradhar is united an image of void and its united and inseparable. Sadhanmala nispanna yoga bali etc. are books where we find these references. Nispanna yoga bali and Bodhisatta are different types of God like dosa dik pal and his powers, animal headed Goddess, bird face gods and kalcakra mandal. In Sadhanmalas Bajrabarahi we finds references of dakim, lama, khandaroja, imaged tantric appearences. It has already been said that hindu god and goddess had been had been refered in Buddhist tantra like Swarassasti, Ganpati and they are praised. Besides the philosophical God and Goddess have been reffered Nispanna yoga boli book like dadas paramita. Among all the paramita, progga paramita is the most popular among the Buddhist countries.

Therefore is conclusion it can be said that Gautam Buddhas created religion Buddhism finds popular place in Indian History. And influence numorious countries which ultimately give rise to a new religion within few centuries.

The Dhamma cakra pravartan sutta is based on vajrayana philosophy. This Vajrayana tantrik Buddhism. This Dhamma cakrapavartan sutta is philosophy based on void another meaning of this is pemtiness from here we get Buddhism. In Maha samaya sutta we find consent of kalcakra yane which is a part of Tantrik Buddhism. We know Lord Buddha as the God of tantra.

Footnotes and references:


Bouddha Sahittya, Binayendra Nath Choudhury, p. 26.


Bouddha Dharmer Itihas (Bengali), Manikuntala Majumdar, p. 271.

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