Sucandra, Sucandrā: 10 definitions


Sucandra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Suchandra.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sucandra in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sucandra (सुचन्द्र).—A King of Ikṣvāku dynasty. A son named Viśālanīti was born to King Ikṣvāku by his wife Alambuṣā. The city Viśālanagara was founded by this Viśālanīti. A son named Hemacandra was born to Viśāla. Sucandra was the son of Hemacandra. Dhūmrāśva was the son of Sucandra. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Sarga 47).

2) Sucandra (सुचन्द्र).—An asura. This asura was the son of Siṃhikā. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 46).

3) Sucandra (सुचन्द्र).—A Gandharva. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 46). This Gandharva was the son of Prajāpati Kaśyapa, by his wife Pradhā. This Gandharva participated in the birth celebration of Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 58).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sucandra (सुचन्द्र).—Went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse;1 an Andhaka.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 82. 6.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 143.

1b) A son of Krodhā and a Devagandharva; father of Dhūmrāśva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 39; 86. 18.

1c) A son of Devajanī: an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 129.

1d) Of the solar race: an ally of Kārtavīrya: an able soldier: Attacking him, Paraśurāma remembered Bhadrakālī and vanquished him: father of Puṣkarākṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 39. 18, 50; 40. 1.

1e) A son of king Hemacandra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 13.

1f) A son of Kṛṣṇa given to the sonless Karūṣa in adoption.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sucandra (सुचन्द्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.31, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sucandra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Sucandra is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.46, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Sucandra (सुचन्द्र, “beautiful moon”) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with sucandra gems.

The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Mahayana Buddhism

Sucandra (सुचन्द्र) is the name of a householder included in the list of spiritual friends of Sudhana: the son of a merchant from Sukhākara who received a prophecy from Mañjuśrī, according to the Avataṃsaka-sūtra. Accordingly, Sudhana devoted himself to 110 spiritual friends in a great building adorned with the ornaments of Vairocana. These spiritual friends included monks, bodhisattvas, ṛṣis, brāhmaṇas, girls, kings, youths, goddesses, householders (e.g., Sucandra), etc. From these beings, Sudhana took the vows without the need for any formal basis.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Sucandrā (सुचन्द्रा) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sucandrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sucandra (सुचन्द्र).—(1) m. or nt., a kind of gem: Mahāvastu ii.310.13; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: Mahāvyutpatti 731 bis; (3) name of a king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 625.21; (4) name of a householder in Bharukaccha: Gaṇḍavyūha 452.26; (5) name of a kalpa: Gaṇḍavyūha 447.6; (6) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 508; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1415.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sucandra (सुचन्द्र):—[=su-candra] [from su > su-cakra] m. a [particular] Samādhi, [Buddhist literature]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Deva-gandharva, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Siṃhikā, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Hema-candra and father of Dhūmrāśva, [Rāmāyaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of various kings, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kālacakra]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Bodhi-sattva, [Buddhist literature]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Ficus Indica, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sucandra (सुचन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sucaṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sucandra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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