Nalanda, aka: Nālandā, Nālanda; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nalanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Nālandā (नालन्दा) (5th–12th CE) in present-day Bihar, was among the world’s first universities. Taxila University’s different Schools taught many subjects. The Chinese scholars I-tsing (Yijing, left) and Hsüan-tsang (Xuanzang, right) visited Nālandā in the 7th century CE. According to them, the Nālandā university had eight separate halls, 300 apartments, meditation halls and classrooms, all surrounded by lakes and parks. Education was free and there were more than 5,000 students and 1,500 teachers. A hundred lectures were conducted every day and the practice of learning through debates and discussions was highly developed.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of nalanda in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Nalanda

A town near Rajagaha, (according to Buddhaghosa, DA.i.35) one league away. The Buddha is mentioned as having several times stayed there during his residence in Pavarikas mango grove, and while there he had discussions with Upali Gahapati and Dighatapassi (S.ii.110; M.i.376ff.), with Kevatta (D.i.211ff.), and also several conversations with Asibandhakaputta (S. ii. 311 23).

The Buddha visited Nalanda during his last tour through Magadha, and it was there that Sariputta uttered his lions roar, affirming his faith in the Buddha, shortly before his death (D.ii.81f.; iii.99ff.; S.v.159ff.). The road from Rajagaha to Nalanda passed through Ambalatthika (D.ii.81; Vin.ii.287), and from Nalanda it went on to Pataligama (D.ii.84). Between Rajagaha and Nalanda was situated the Bahuputta cetiya (S.ii.220).

According to the Kevatta Sutta (D.i.211), in the Buddhas time Nalanda was already an influential and prosperous town, thickly populated, though it was not till later that it became the centre of learning for which it afterwards became famous. There is a record in the Samyutta Nikaya (S.iv.322), of the town having been the victim of a severe famine during the Buddhas time.

Nalanda was the residence of Sonnadinna (VvA.144). Nigantha Nataputta is several times mentioned as staying at Nalanda, which was evidently a centre of activity of the Niganthas.

Hsouien Thsang (Beal: op. cit., ii.167f ) gives several explanations of the name Nalanda. One is that it was named after the Naga who lived in a tank in the middle of the mango grove. Another - and accepted by him - is that the Bodhisatta once had his capital here and gave alms without intermission, hence the name.

Nalanda is, in the northern books, given as the name of Sariputtas birthplace (see Nalaka).

Nalanda is identified with the modern Baragaon (CAGI. 537).

2. Nalanda

A village in the central province of Ceylon. Once Parakkamabahu I. occupied a camp there, and it is several times mentioned in the accounts of his campaigns. Cv.lxx.167, 207; lxxii.169.

1. Nalanda Sutta

A conversation between the Buddha and Upaligahapati in Pavarikas mango grove, as to why some beings attain full freedom in this world while others do not. S.iv.110.

2. Nalanda Sutta

Sariputtas affirmation of faith in the Buddha - there never was, nor is, nor shall be, anyone possessing higher wisdom than the Buddha. S.v.159 f.; cp. D.ii.81 and D.iii.99ff.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of nalanda in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nalanda in Jainism glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nālandā (नालन्दा) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his 22nd Year as Kevalī.—To the northeast of Rājagṛha was the city Nālandā. Once, the Lord was sitting in the garden Hastigrāma near a hall named Śeṣa-dravikā. There a monk of the Pārśva tradition, Peḍhālaputra Udaka met Indrabhūti. To resolving a query by Udaka with regard to the vow of non-killing, Indrabhūti said that the one who gives up violence on mobile living beings (or a being with one or two senses) is giving up violence on that being in the present.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of nalanda in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Nalanda (Museum) is an archaeologically important site situated in Bihar (Patna district), known for inscriptions regarding the ancient history of India. For example, at Nalanda there is a stone slab found at Rājgir containing shell characters. There is also a Buddha image which refers to the image as the gift of a paramāpāśikā whose name seems to be given as Garttāka. Also contains the Buddhist formula and the names of Ārya-Sāriputra, etc.

Source: What is India: Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy (1945-1952)

Nālandā (नालन्दा) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Nālandā is identified with modern Bargaon [Badgaon?], 7 miles to the north-west of Rājgir in the district of Patna. Nālandā acquired an orient-wide celebrity as the most important seat of Buddhist learning and culture in the days of the Guptas from the sixth and seventh centuries onwards. The famous Indrasilā cave may be located in the rugged hill rising immediatety to the west of the Badgaon village.

Nālandā is frequently referred to in early Pāli literature. The Buddha is said to have started once from Rājagaha for Nālandā. In the Saṃyutta Nikāya it is stated that the Buddha once visited Nālandā from Kosala. In the Majjhima Nikāya we read that once the Buddha dwelt in the Pāvārikambavana at Nālandā where he had a discussion with Dīgha Tapassi, a Nigaṇṭha, relating to the Nigaṇṭha doctrines and delivered the Upālisutta. In the Sumaṅgalavilāsinī we find that the distance from Rājagaha to Nālandā was one yojana.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of nalanda in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nālanda (नालन्द).—A village of great historical importance, near राजगृह (rājagṛha), a place of Bhddh. monastery.

Derivable forms: nālandaḥ (नालन्दः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of nalanda in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 60 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nagarjuna
Nāgārjuna (नागार्जुन), Āryadeva and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Rajagriha
Rājagriha is the name of the ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of th...
Krishna
1) Krishna I (AD 756-773) is the name of a king from the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (AD 753).—The Rash...
Vishaya
Viṣaya (विषय) is a synonym for Deśa (“region”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-var...
Kusumapura
Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर) is the name of a city according to the “story of Harasvāmin”, mentioned i...
Phita
phīṭa (फीट).—f Liquidated or discharged state (of debts): requited state.--- OR --- phīta (फीत)...
Vihara
Vihāra (विहार, “monastary”) forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at b...
Manibhadra
Maṇibhadra (मणिभद्र) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭata...
Mathara
Māṭhara is the name of an ancient dynasty, as mentioned in the “Pedda-Dugam plates of Śatrudama...
Rahulabhadra
Rāhulabhadra (राहुलभद्र), Āryadeva and Nāgārjuna represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Aryadeva
Āryadeva (आर्यदेव), Nāgārjuna and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika schola...
Shantarakshita
According to Tibetan sources, Śāntarakṣita visited Tibet at the invitation of King Khri-sron-de...
Takshashila
Takṣaśilā (तक्षशिला) is the name of a city on the banks of the Vitastā according to the Kathāsa...
Ambalatthika
Ambalaṭṭhikā (अम्बलट्ठिका) is the name of an ancient village situated between Rājagaha and Kusā...
Kevatta
Kevaṭṭa, (on ke- see kedāra) fisherman D. I, 45 (in simile of dakkho k°) A. III, 31=342, cp. IV...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: