Tika, Ṭīkā: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Tika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Ṭīkā (टीका) refers to “commentary”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Ṭīkā (टीका) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “commentary”.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ṭīkā (टीका) refers to a type of powder used in worship according to the Kriyā Tantra divisions of Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhism, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—Kriyā Tantra typically involves the act of pūjā, worshiping a physical deity, such as an idol, and or its mandala, sometimes drawn with grains or pigmented powdered stone, with offerings connected to the senses and the primary elements, such as rice, water, food, flowers, incense, sandalwood or ṭīkā powder, and the recitation of the deities' mantras and stotras.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Tipitaka Studies Outside Myanmar

Tika (sub-commentaries) refers to a category of Buddhist literature approved by the sixth Buddhist council.—The Tikas are written mostly in the first half of the second millennium, partially by Sinhalese monks and partially by Burmese.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Heart Released

Tika means three.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tika in Ghana is the name of a plant defined with Pycnanthus angolensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Myristica microcephala Benth. & Hook.f. (among others).

2) Tika in West Africa is also identified with Arachis hypogaea It has the synonym Arachis hypogaea var. nambyquarae (Hoehne) Burkart (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1983)
· Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. (1895)
· Nutrition and Cancer (2004)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2004)
· Food and chemical toxicology (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tika, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tika : (nt.) a triad. (adj.), consisting of three. || ṭīkā (f.), sub-commentary.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tika, (adj. -n.) (Vedic trika) consisting of 3, a triad S. II, 218 (t. -bhojana); DhA. IV, 89 (-nipāta, the book of the triads, a division of the Jātaka), 108 (t. -catukka-jhāna the 3 & the 4 jhānas); Miln. 12 (tika-duka-paṭimaṇḍitā dhammasaṅganī); Vism. 13 sq.; DhsA. 39 (-duka triad & pair). (Page 301)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭikā (टिका).—m (tilaka S) The circular mark made with colored earths or unguents upon the forehead. 2 fig. A circular and white spot upon the forehead of a beast; as ṭikāghōḍā, ṭikābaila. ṭikā lāgaṇēṃ g. of s. (To get a mark as conspicuous as the ṭikā) To become manifest or notorious; to stand out as if imprinted upon the forehead--any deed or matter. ṭikā lāgaṇēṃ kapāḷīṃ g. of s. To incur a stigma or stain. ṭikyācā dhanī Said of a person without understanding, or without money, or without authority or influence, but to whom his situation or relative capacity enforces some outward respect.

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ṭīkā (टीका).—f (S) A commentary or comment: also an annotation or a note: also an interpretation, whether by a paraphrase or a semi-translation. As ṭīkā is especially of the Puran̤s, so bhāṣya is especially of the Sutras, although, now, bhāṣya is of the Vedas, and vṛtti of the Sutras. 2 fig. Swelling, amplifying, embellishing (of a simple matter). 3 fig. Remarking censoriously, commenting upon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭikā (टिका).—m The circular mark made with colored earths or unguents upon the forehead. ṭikā lāgaṇēṃ To become mani- fest or notorious. (kapāḷīṃ) ṭikā lāgaṇēṃ To incur a stigma or stain. ṭikyācā dhanī Said of a person without authority or influence, but to whom his situation or relative capacity enforces some outward respect.

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ṭīka (टीक).—f A cluster of pearls or diamonds. Pearl or white speck on the eye.

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ṭīkā (टीका).—f A commentary or comment: also an annotation or a note. Remarking censoriously, commenting upon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tika (तिक).—a. Without a master; without a husband, unmarried.

-tiḥ Ved. Not a master or husband; अव भेषज पादय य इमां संविवृत्सत्यपतिः स्वपतिं स्त्रियम् (ava bheṣaja pādaya ya imāṃ saṃvivṛtsatyapatiḥ svapatiṃ striyam) Av.8.6.16.

See also (synonyms): apati.

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Ṭīkā (टीका).—[ṭīkyate gamyate granthārtho'nayā] A commentary, gloss; काव्यप्रकाशस्य कृता गृहे गृहे टीका तथाप्येष तथैव दुर्गमः (kāvyaprakāśasya kṛtā gṛhe gṛhe ṭīkā tathāpyeṣa tathaiva durgamaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭīkā (टीका).—f.

(-kā) A commentary. E. ṭīk to go, affixes ghañ and ṭāp by which the sense of the text proceeds. ṭīkyate mamyate granthārthī'nayā ṭīka karaṇe ghañ ghañarthe ka vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭīkā (टीका).—f. A commentary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭīkā (टीका).—[feminine] a commentary, [especially] on some other commentary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭīkā (टीका):—[from ṭīk] f. a commentary ([especially] on another [commentator or commentary] e.g. Ānanda-giri’s ṭīkā on Śaṃkara’s bhāṣya).

2) Tika (तिक):—m. Name of a man [gana] 1. naḍādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 154.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭika (टिक):—(ṅa ṛ) ṭekate 1. d. To go or move.

2) Ṭīkā (टीका):—(kā) 1. f. A commentary.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ṭīkā (टीका):—(nm) vaccination; inoculation; a commentary (on a book, etc.); annotation; a small mark (of vermilion, sandalpaste, etc.) over the forehead; an ornament worn by a woman whose husband is alive; a pre-marriage ceremony; -[ṭippaṇī] (adverse) comments, criticism.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tika (ತಿಕ):—

1) [noun] the opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal, through which the solid refuse of digestion is excreted; the anus.

2) [noun] the lower end of the backbone (in humans).

3) [noun] a set or combination of three (things, qualities, persons, etc.).

4) [noun] the score of three in the game of dice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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