Dhamma, aka: Dhammā; 9 Definition(s)
Dhamma means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
- Event; a phenomenon in and of itself;
- mental quality;
- doctrine, teaching;
Also, principles of behavior that human beings ought to follow so as to fit in with the right natural order of things; qualities of mind they should develop so as to realize the inherent quality of the mind in and of itself. By extension, "Dhamma" (usu. capitalized) is used also to denote any doctrine that teaches such things. Thus the Dhamma of the Buddha denotes both his teachings and the direct experience of nibbana, the quality at which those teachings are aimed.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms
1. Dhamma - The Bodhisatta, born as a devaputta in the Kamavacara world.
See the Dhamma Jataka. In the Milindapanha (p.212) he is called a yakkha.
2. Dhamma - The palace built by Vissakamma for Mahasudassana, by order of Sakka. D.ii.180ff.
3. Dhamma - The lake in front of the palace mentioned above. D.ii.184.
-- or --
1. Dhamma Theri - She belonged to a respectable family in Savatthi and was given in marriage to a suitable husband. Having heard the Doctrine, she wished to join the Order, but her husband refused his permission. After his death she became a nun, and one day, while returning from her alms round, she slipped and fell. Meditating on this, she became an arahant. Thig.vs.17; ThigA.23f.
2. Dhamma - The chief woman disciple of Atthadassi Buddha. Bu.xv.20; J.i.39.
3. Dhamma - The fifth of the seven daughters of Kiki, king of Benares. For twenty thousand years she lived the life of celibacy. She is identified with Kisagotami. J.vi.431; Ap.ii.565.
4. Dhamma - Wife of Bindusara and mother of Asoka. She had two sons, Asoka and Tissa. MT.189, 193; the Kambodian Mahavamsa (vs.1129) calls her Siridhamma.
5. Dhamma - An eminent Theri of Anuradhapura, an expert teacher of the Vinaya. Dpv.xviii.14.
6. Dhamma - A very poor woman of Siva village. Once she gave a garment to the monks of Giritimbilatissapabbata Vihara, and they agreed among themselves that none but an arahant should wear it. One of them became an arahant that very day and wore it; he then passed it on to another, and before the end of the rains they all thus became arahants. On the day of the pavarana, King Lanjitissa ordered the monastery to be decorated. The monks setup Dhammas garment as a banner at the entrance. The king, having discovered the reason, gave Dhamma the village of Siva, which then came to be called Dhammasiva. Ras.ii.42.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
M (Reality, thing). Nature of all things. That which Buddha has taught (apart from the vinaya). Study of reality. Consciousness. Every moment of consciousness which does appear in the mind is a dhamma. Detachment and deliverance from the world.
The term dhamma can also sometimes refer to nibbana. Practice, training.
See also: dhammaSource: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Dhamma has several meanings, it does not only mean doctrine. In this context Dhamma means everything which is real, reality.Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas
lit. the 'bearer', constitution (or nature of a thing), norm, law (jus), doctrine; justice, righteousness; quality; thing, object of mind (s. āyatana) 'phenomenon'. In all these meanings the word 'dhamma' is to be met with in the texts.
The Com. to D. instances 4 applications of this term
- guna (quality, virtue),
- desanā (instruction),
- pariyatti (text),
- nijjīvatā (soullessness, e.g. "all dhammā, phenomena, are impersonal," etc.).
The Com. to Dhs. has hetu (condition) instead of desanā.
Thus, the analytical knowledge of the law (s. patisambhidā) is explained in Vis.M. XIV. and in Vibh. as hetumhi-ñāna, knowledge of the conditions.
The Dhamma, as the liberating law discovered and proclaimed by the Buddha, is summed up in the 4 Noble Truths (s. sacca). It forms one of the 3 Gems (ti-ratana) and one of the 10 recollections (anussati).
Dhamma, as object of mind (dhammāyatana, s. āyatana) may be anything past, present or future, corporeal or mental, conditioned or not (cf. sankhāra, 4), real or imaginary.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
his word is used in several ways. It can refer to the Buddhas Teachings as contained in the scriptures; to the Ultimate Truth, to which the Teachings point; and to a discrete moment of life, seen as it really is.Source: Amaravati: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
dhamma : (m.) doctrine; nature; truth; the Norm; morality; good conduct.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Dhamma, 3 (adj.) (Sk. dhanvan) having a bow: see daḷha°; also as dhammin in daḷha° S.I, 185 (see dhammin). (Page 339)
2) Dhamma, 2 (adj.) (Sk. *dhārma, cp. dhammika) only in f. —ī in combn with kathā: relating to the Dhamma, viz. conversation on questions of Ethics, speaking about the Dh., preaching, religious discourse, sermon. Either as dhammī kathā Vin.II, 161; IV, 56 & in Instr.-Abl. dhammiyā kathāya (sandasseti samādapeti samuttejeti saṃpahaṃseti: ster. formula) S.I, 114, 155, 210, IV.122, PvA.30 etc.; or as cpd. dhammī-kathā D.II, 1; M.I, 161; Sn.325; & dhammi-kathā S.I, 155; PvA.38. (Page 339)
3) Dhamma, 1 (m. & rarely nt.) (Ved. dharma & dharman, the latter a formation like karman (see kamma for expln of subj. & obj. meanings); dhṛ (see dhāreti) to hold, support: that which forms a foundation and upholds= constitution. Cp. Gr. qrόnos, Lat. firmus & fretus; Lith. derme (treaty), cp. also Sk. dhariman form, constitution, perhaps=Lat. forma, E. form) constitution etc.
3.A) Definitions by Commentators: Bdhgh gives a fourfold meaning of the word dhamma (at DA.I, 99= DhA.I, 22), viz.
- guṇe (saddo), applied to good conduct;
- desanāyaṃ, to preaching & moral instruction;
- pariyattiyaṃ, to the 9 fold collection of the Buddh. Scriptures (see navaṅga);
- nissatte (-nijjīvate), to cosmic (non-animistic) law.
— No. 1 is referred to freq. in expls of the term, e.g. dhammiko ti ñāyena samena pavattatī ti DA.I, 249; dhamman ti kāraṇaṃ ñāyaṃ PvA.211; as paṭipatti-dhamma at VvA.84; No. 3 e.g. also at PvA.2.
Another and more adequate fourfold definition by Bdhgh is given in DhsA.38, viz.
- pariyatti, or doctrine as formulated,
- hetu, or condition, causal antecedent,
- guṇa, or moral quality or action,
- nissatta-nijīvatā, or “the phenomenal” as opposed to “the substantial, ” “the noumenal, ” “animistic entity.”
Here (2) is illustrated by hetumhi ñāṇa ‘dhammapaṭisambhidā: “analytic knowledge in dhamma’s means insight into condition, causal antecedent” Vibh 293, and see Niyama (dhamma°). Since, in the former fourfold definition (2) and (3) really constitute but one main implication considered under the two aspects of Doctrine as taught and Doctrine as formulated, we may interpret Dhamma by the fourfold connotation: —doctrine, right, or righteousness, condition, phenomenon.
3.B) Applications and Meaning.—
3.B.1) Psychologically; “mentality” as the constitutive element of cognition & of its substratum, the world of phenomena. It is that which is presented as “object” to the imagination & as such has an effect of its own: —a presentation (Vorstellung), or idea, idea, or purely mental phenomenon as distinguished from a psycho-physical phenomenon, or sensation (re-action of sense-organ to sensestimulus). The mind deals with ideas as the eye deals with forms: it is the abstraction formed by mano, or mind proper, from the objects of sense presented by the sense-organ when reacting to external objects. Thus cakkhu “faculty of sight” corresponds to rūpa “relation of form” & mano “faculty of thought” (citta & ceto its organ or instrument or localisation) corresponds to dhamma “mentalized” object or “idea” (Mrs. Rh. D. “mental object in general, ” also “state of mind”) —
- subjective: mental attitude, thought, idea, philosophy, truth, & its recognition (anubodhi) by the Buddha, i.e. the Dhamma or worldwisdom=philosophy of the Buddha as contained & expounded in the Dialogues of the 5 Nikāyas (see below C.)
- objective: substratum (of cognition), piece, constituent (=khandha), constitution; phenomenon, thing, “world, ” cosmic order (as the expression of cosmic sense, as under a & 2)
3.B.2) Ratio-ethically-(a) objective: “rationality, ” anything that is as it should be according to its reason & logicality (as expressed under No. 1 a), i.e. right property, sound condition, norm, propriety, constitution as conforming to No. 1 in universal application i.e. Natural or Cosmic Law.
3.C) The Dhamma, i.e. moral philosophy, wisdom, truth as propounded by Gotama Buddha in his discourses & conversations, collected by the compilers of the 5 Nikāyas (dhamma-vinayaṃ saṅgāyantehi dhammasaṅgāhakehi ekato katvā VvA.3; cp. mayaṃ dh.°ṃ ca vinayañ ca saṅgāyāma Vin.II, 285), resting on the deeper meaning of dhamma as expld under B 1 a, & being in short the “doctrinal” portions of the Buddhist Tipiṭaka in contradiction to the Vinaya, the portion expounding the rules of the Order (see piṭaka). Dhamma as doctrine is also opposed to Abhidhamma “what follows on the Dhamma.”
—akkhāna discussing or preaching of the Dhamma Nd1 91; —atthadesanā interpretation of the Dh. Miln.21; —âdhikaraṇa a point in the Dh. S.IV, 63=V.346; —âdhipa Lord of righteousness (+anudhamma-cārin) A.I, 150; cp. °ssāmi; nt. abstr. °âdhipateyya the dominating influence of the Dh. A.I, 147 sq.; D.III, 220; Miln.94; Vism.14. —ânudhamma see above C 4; —anuvattin acting in conformity with the moral law Dh.86, cp. DhA.II, 161; —ânusārin of righteous living D.III, 105, 254 (+saddhā°); M.I, 226, 479; A.I, 74; IV, 215; IV, 23; S.V, 200; Pug.15; Nett 112, 189; —anvaya main drift of the faith, general conclusions of the Dh., D.II, 83= III, 100; M.II, 120; —abhisamaya understanding of the Truth, conversion to the Dhamma (cp. dharmâbhisamaya Divy 200) S.II, 134 (+dh.-cakkhu-paṭilābha): Pug.41; Miln.20; DhA.I, 27; IV, 64; PvA.31 etc.; —âmata the nectar of righteousness or the Dh. Miln.22 (°meghena lokaṃ abhitappayanto), 346; —ādāsa the mirror of the Dhamma D.II, 93 (name of an aphorism) S.V, 357 (id.); Th.1, 395; ThA.179; —āyatana the field of objects of ideation S.II, 72; Dhs.58, 66, 147, 397, 572, 594; Vbh.70, 72 sq.; —ārammaṇa: dh. as an object of ideation Dhs.146, 157, 365; cp. Dhs. trsl. 2; —ārāma “one who has the Dh. as his pleasure-ground, ” one who rejoices in the Dh. A.III, 431; It.82 (+dh-rata); Sn.327; Dh.364, cp. DhA.IV, 95; —ālapana using the proper address, a fit mode of addressing a person as followed by the right custom. See Dial. I.193—196; J.V, 418; —āsana “the Dh-seat, ” i.e. flat piece of stone or a mat on which a priest sat while preaching J.I, 53; DhA.II, 31; —ûposatha the fast day prescribed by the Dh. A.I, 208; —okkā the torch of Righteousness J.I, 34; —oja the essence or sap of the Dh. S.V, 162; DhA.IV, 169; —osadha the medicine of the Dh. Miln.110, 335. —kathā ethical discussion, fit utterance, conversation about the Dh., advice D.III, 151; J.I, 217; VvA.6; PvA.50, 66; —kathika (adj.) one who converses about ethical problems, one who recites or preaches the Dh., one who speaks fitly or properly. Often in combn. with Vinaya-dhara “one who masters (knows by heart) the Vinaya, ” & bahussuta “one who has a wide knowledge of tradition”: Vin.IV, 10, 13, 141; A.III, 78; DhA.II, 30; also with suttantika “one who is versed in the Suttantas”: Vin.I, 169; II, 75; IV, 67. The ability to preach the Dh. is the first condition of one who wishes to become perfected in righteousness (see dhamm-ânudhamma, above C 4): S.II, 18, 114=III, 163; M.III, 40.—A.I, 25 sq.; II, 138; Pug.42; J.I, 217; IV, 2 (°thera). Cp. also AvŚ II.81; —kathikatta (nt.) speaking about the Dh.; preaching M.III, 40; A.I, 38 (+vinayadhara-katta); —kamma a legally valid act, or procedure in accordance with the Rules of the Order Vin.IV, 37, 136, 232; A.I, 74 (+vinaya°); a° an illegal act Vin.IV, 232; A.I, 74; —karaka a proper or regulation (standard) water-pot, i.e. a pot with a filter for straining water as it was used by ascetics Vin.II, 118, 177, 301; J.I, 395; VI, 331; DhA.III, 290, 452; VvA.220 (not °karaṇena); PvA.185; Miln.68; —kāma a lover of the Dh. D.III, 267; A.V, 24, 27, 90, 201; Sn.92. —kāya having a body according to the Norm (the dhammatā of bodies). See Bdhgh as translated in Dial. III, ad Loc.; having a normal body (sic Bdhgh, esp. of the B. D.III, 84; —ketu the standard of the Dh., or Dh. as standard A.I, 109=III, 149; —khan- dha the (4) main portions or articles of the Dh. (sīla, samādhi, paññā, vimutti) D.III, 229; cp. Sp. AvŚ II.155; —gaṇa a body of followers of the Dh. PvA.194; —gaṇḍikā (better gaṇṭhikā, q v.) a block of justice, i.e. of execution J.I, 150, 151; II, 124; VI, 176; V, 303; —garu worshipping the Dh. S.IV, 123; DhA.I, 17 (°ka); —gariya a kind of acrobatic tumbler, lit. excellent t. (+brahma°) Miln.191; —gu one who knows the Dh. (analogous to vedagu) J.V, 222; VI, 261; —gutta protecting the Dh. or protected by the Dh. (see gutta) S.I, 222; J.V, 222 (+dhpāla); —ghosaka (-kamma) praise of the Dh. DhA.III, 81; —cakka the perfection or supreme harmony of righteousness (see details under cakka), always in phrase dhcakkaṃ pavatteti (of the Buddha) “to proclaim or inaugurate the perfect state or ideal of universal righteousness” Vin.I, 8=M.I, 171; Vin.I, 11; S.I, 191; III, 86; Sn.556, 693; Miln.20, 343; DhA.I, 4; VvA.165; PvA.2, 67 etc.; besides this also in simile at S.I, 33 of the car of righteousness; —cakkhu “the eye of wisdom, ” perception of the law of change. Freq. in the standing formula at the end of a conversation with the Buddha which leads to the “opening of the eyes” or conversion of the interlocutor, viz. “virajaṃ vītamalaṃ dhcakkhuṃ udapādi” D.I, 86, 110; II, 288; S.IV, 47; A.IV, 186; Vin.I, 11, 16, 40 etc. Expl. at DA.I, 237: dhammesu vā cakkhuṃ dhammamayaṃ vā cakkhuṃ. Cp. S.II, 134 (°paṭiĺābha; +dhammâbhisamaya); Dial. I.184; II, 176; —cariyā walking in righteousness, righteous living, observance of the Dh., piety (=dānādi-puññapaṭipatti VvA.282) S.I, 101 (+samacariyā kusalakiriyā); A.II, 5; III, 448; V, 87, 302; Sn.263 (=kāyasucaritâdi° SnA. 309), 274 (+brahma°). a° evil way of living A.I, 55 (+visama-cariyā); —cārin virtuous, dutiful M.I, 289; II, 188; Dh.168; Miln.19 (+samacārin); —cetiya a memorial in honour of the Dh. M.II, 124; —chanda virtuous desire (opp. kāma°) DhsA.370; Vbh.208; —ja born of the Dh. (see above, Note on B 1 a), in formula “Bhagavato putto oraso dh-jo, dh-nimmito, dh.dāyādo” (the spiritual child of the Buddha) D.III, 84=S.II, 221; It.101; —jāla “net of the Dh., ” name of a discourse (cp. °ādāsa & pariyāya) D.I, 46; —jīvin living righteously It.108; Dh.24 (=dhammenā samena DhA.I, 239); —ññū one who knows the Dh. J.VI, 261; —ṭṭha standing in the Law, just, righteous S.I, 33 (+sīlasampanna); Sn.749; J.III, 334; IV, 211; ThA.244, —ṭṭhita=°ṭṭha D.I, 190; —ṭṭhiti° having a footing in the Dh. S.II, 60, 124, cp. °ṭṭhitatā: establishing of causes and effects S.II, 25; —takka right reasoning Sn.1107 (=sammāsaṅkappa Nd2 318); —dāna gift of; —dāyāda heir of the Dh.; spiritual heir (cp. above note on B 1 a) D.III, 84; S.II, 221; M.I, 12; III, 29; It.101; —dīpa the firm ground or footing of the Dh. (usually combd with atta-dīpa: having oneself as one’s refuge, self-dependent) D.II, 100; III, 58, 77; S.V, 154; —desanā moral instruction, exposition of the Dh. Vin.I, 16; D.I, 110 etc. (see desanā); —dessin a hater of the Dh. Sn.92; —dhaja the banner of the Dh. A.I, 109= III, 149; Nd2 503; Miln.21; —dhara (adj.) one who knows the Dh. (by heart); see above C 4. Combd w. Vinayadhara Vin.I, 127, 337; II, 8; A.I, 117, & bahussuta (ibid). Sn.58 (cp. SnA 110).—See also A.III, 361 sq., IV.310; Nd2 319; —dhātu the mental object considered as irreducible element Dhs.58, 67, 147 etc.; Vbh.87, 89 (see above B 1); an ultimate principle of the Dh., the cosmic law D.II, 8; M.I, 396; S.II, 143 sq.; Nett 64 sq.; Vism.486 sq. —dhāraṇa knowledge of the Dh. M.II, 175; —nāṭaka a class of dancing girls having a certain duty J.V, 279; —nimmita see °ja; —niyāma belonging to the order of the Norm D.I, 190; DA. on D.II, 12: dhammatā; (°ka); —niyāmatā, certainty, or orderliness of causes and effects S.II, 25; Points of Controversy, 387; —netti= niyāma Miln.328; DA.I, 31; cp. Sk. dharmanetrī M Vastu II.357; III, 234, 238; —pajjota the lamp of the Dh. Miln.21; —pada (nt.) a line or stanza of the Dhamma, a sentence containing an ethical aphorism; a portion or piece of the Dh. In the latter meaning given as 4 main subjects, viz. anabhijjhā, avyāpāda, sammā-sati, sammā-samādhi D.III, 229; A.II, 29 sq. (in detail); Nett 170.—S.I, 22 (dānā ca kho dh-padaṃ va seyyo). 202 (dh-padesu chando); A.II, 185; Sn.88 (dh-pade sudesite=nibbāna-dhammassa padattā SnA 164); J.III, 472 (=nibbāna); DhA.III, 190 (ekaṃ dh-padaṃ). As Np. title of a canonical book, included in the Khuddaka Nikāya; —pamāṇa measuring by the (teaching of) Dh. Pug.53; DhA.III, 114 (°ikāni jātisatāni); —pariyatti attainment of or accomplishment in the Dh., the collection of the Dh. in general A.III, 86 (w. ref. to the 9 aṅgas, see navaṅga); —pariyāya a short discourse, or a verse, or a poem, with a moral or a text; usually an exposition of a single point of doctrine D.I, 46; II, 93; III, 116; M.I, 445; Vin.I, 40 (a single verse); A.I, 65; IV, 63 (a poem Sn.190—218, where also it is called a dh°pariyāyo); A.V, 288, 291. Such a dh°pariyāya had very often a special name. Thus Brahmajāla, the Wondrous Net D.I, 46; Dhammādāso dh°p°, the Mirror of the Law D.II, 93=S.V, 357; Sokasallaharaṇa, Sorrow’s dart extractor A.III, 62; Ādittap° dh°p°, the Red-hot lancet S.IV, 168; Lomahaṃsana° M.I, 83; Dhammatā-dhamma° Miln.193, etc. —pāla guardian of the Law or the Dh. J.V, 222, freq. also as Np.; —pīti (-rasa) the sweetness of drinking in the Dh. (pivaṃ) Sn.257; Dh.79 (=dhammapāyako dhammaṃ pivanto ti attho DhsA.II, 126); —bhaṇḍāgārika treasurer of the Dh., an Ep. of Ānanda Th.1, 1048; J.I, 382, 501; II, 25; DhA.III, 250; PvA.2. —bhūta having become the Dh.; righteousness incorporated, said of the Buddhas D.III, 84. Usually in phrase (Bhagavā) cakkhu-bhūta ... dh-bhūta brahmabhūta A.V, 226 sq. (cp. cakkhu); Th.1, 491; see also above, note B 1 a; —bheri the drum of the Dh. Miln.21; —magga the path of righteousness Sn.696; Miln.21; —maya made (built) of the Dh. (pāsāda) S.I, 137; —yanta the (sugar-) mill of the Dh. (fig.) Miln.166. —yāna the vehicle of the Law (the eightfold Noble Path) S.V, 5; —rakkhita rightly guarded Sn.288; —rata fond of the Law Sn.327; Dh.364; DhA.IV, 95; cp. dh.-(gatā)rati Th.I, 742; Dhp. 354; —rasa taste of Dhp. 354; —rājā king of righteousness, Ep. of the Buddha S.I, 33=55; D.I, 88 (of a cakkavatti); A.I, 109; III, 149; Sn.554; J.I, 262; interpreted by Bdhgh at DA.I, 249 as “dhammena rajjaṃ labhitvā rājā jāto ti”=a king who gained the throne legitimately; —laddha one who has acquired the Dh., holy, pious S.II, 21; J.III, 472; justly acquired (bhogā) Sn.p. 87; —vara the best of truths or the most excellent Doctrine Sn.233, 234; —vādin speaking properly, speaking the truth or according to the Doctrine Vin.II, 285; III, 175 (+Vinaya-vādin); D.III, 135 (id.); D.I, 4, 95 (of Gotama; DA.I, 76: nava-lokuttara-dhamma sannissitaṃ katvā vadati); S.IV, 252; A.I, 75; II, 209; —vicaya investigation of doctrine, religious research Dhs.16, 20, 90, 309, 333, 555; Vbh.106; Vism.132; —vitakka righteous thought A.I, 254; —vidū one who understands the Dh., an expert in the Dh. J.V, 222; VI, 261; —vinicchaya righteous decision, discrimination of the truth Sn.327; Dh.144; DhA.III, 86; —vihārin living according to the Dh. A.III, 86 sq.; —saṃvibhāga sharing out or distribution of the Dh., i.e. spiritual gifts It.98 (opp. āmisa° material gifts); —saṅgāhaka a compiler of the sacred scriptures, a diaskeuastήs VvA.3, 169; —saññā righteous thought, faith, piety PvA.3; —sabhā a hall for the discussion of the Dh., a chapel, meetinghouse J.VI, 333; DhA.I, 31; II, 51; IV, 91; PvA.38, 196; —samaya a meeting where the Dh. is preached S.I, 26; —samādāna acquisition of the Dh., which is fourfold as discussed at M.I, 305; D.III, 229; —saraṇa relying on or putting one’s faith in the Dh. (see above C 3) D.III, 58, 77; S.V, 154; —savana hearing the preaching of the Dh., “going to church” Vin.I, 101; M.II, 175; A.II, 248, 381; IV, 361; Sn.265; DhA.III, 190; —sākaccha conversation about the Dh. Sn.266; —ssāmi Lord of the Truth, Ep. of the Buddha (see above B 1 a note) S.IV, 94; —sāra the essence of the Dh. S.V, 402; —sārathi in purisa-dh.-s° at D.I, 62 misprint for purisa-damma-s°; —sārin a follower of the Dh. S.I, 170; —sudhammatā excellency of the Dh. S.II, 199; Th.1, 24, 220, 270, 286; —senāpati “captain of the Dhamma, ” Ep. of Sāriputta Th.1, 1083; J.I, 408; Miln.343; DhA.III, 305; VvA.64, 65, 158; —soṇḍatā thirst after justice J.V, 482; —sota the ear of the Dh. S.II, 43. (Page 335)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Introductory Verse < [Chapter I - Different Types of Consciousness]
The Law of Casual Relations < [Chapter VIII - The Compendium Of Relations]
A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)
Chapter 6 - Different Aspects of the Four Paramattha Dhammas < [Part 1 - General Introduction]
Chapter 3 - Exposition Of Paramattha Dhammas I < [Part 1 - General Introduction]
Chapter 2 - The Buddha < [Part 1 - General Introduction]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 14 - Making the Joyful, Solemn Utterance (Udāna) < [Chapter 7 - The Attainment of Buddhahood]
Buddha Chronicle 23: Koṇāgamana Buddhavaṃsa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Part 4 - What is the Sequence in which the Pāramī are arranged? < [Chapter 7 - On Miscellany]
Vinaya Pitaka (1): The Analysis of Monks’ Rules (Bhikkhu-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
Buddhist Monastic Discipline (by Jotiya Dhirasekera)