Maha, Māhā: 19 definitions



Maha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Maha (मह).—A son of Bharatāgni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 8.

1b) One of the twenty Amitābha gods.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.

1c) (Maharloka) the fourth of the seven worlds;1 Manus went to it after tapas at Meru; Manus retire to this place when the periods of their duties are over; Gods like Ajitas, Yāma gaṇas and Āyuṣmantas besides Śukra, Cākṣuṣa and others live in Maharloka;2 the space between Dhruva and Jana; the residents of this loka possess mental powers to create any desired thing; even gods sacrifice to each other;3 created from Vyāhṛti.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 60. 2; 61. 1; 184. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 17.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 22; 35. 179, 197; IV. 1. 25, 33, 122. Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 41, 52, 208; 109. 48.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21, 40, 42-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 44.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Mahā (महा) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Mahānṛsiṃha or Mahānarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F Great, superior, of large breadth, noble.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Maha means great.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mahā.—(PJS), abbreviation of Mahājana (especially in medieval Jain inscriptions). Cf. Mahā-Mūla (i. e. the elder Mūla) distinguished from Kṣudra-Mūla (i. e. the younger Mūla); also Mahā-Dharmagiri and Kṣudra-Dharmagiri, etc. Note: mahā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Maha.—(IA 18), abbreviations of Mahattara or Mahattama. Note: maha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Mahaṃ.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

maha : (m.) a religious festival. || mahā (mahanta becomes mahā in compounds; the last vowel ā is often shortened euphonically.)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maha, (m. & nt.) (fr. mah, see mahati & cp. Vedic nt. mahas) 1. worthiness, venerableness Miln. 357.—2. a (religious) festival (in honour of a Saint, as an act of worship) Mhvs 33, 26 (vihārassa mahamhi, Loc.); VvA. 170 (thūpe ca mahe kate), 200 (id.). mahā° a great festival Mhvs 5, 94. bodhi° festival of the Bo tree J. IV, 229. vihāra° festival held on the building of a monastery J. I, 94; VvA. 188. hatthi° a festival called the elephant f. J. IV, 95. (Page 525)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahā (महा).—a (S See explanation under mahata) Great, big, large. 2 A great one; a mighty personage; as hē ēka mahā āhēta; tō kāya ēka mahā āhē. Used gravely or jeeringly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahā (महा).—a Great, big; a great one.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maha (मह).—[mah-ghañarthe ka]

1) A festival, festive occasion; बन्धुताहृदयकौमुदीमहः (bandhutāhṛdayakaumudīmahaḥ) Māl.9.21; U.6.4; स खलु दूरगतोऽ- प्यतिवर्तते महमसाविति बन्धुतयोदितैः (sa khalu dūragato'- pyativartate mahamasāviti bandhutayoditaiḥ) Śi.6.19; मदनमहम् (madanamaham) Ratn.1.

2) An offering, a sacrifice.

3) A buffalo.

4) Light, lustre; cf. महस् (mahas) also.

Derivable forms: mahaḥ (महः).

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Mahā (महा).—A cow.

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Mahā (महा).—The substitute of महत् (mahat) at the beginning of Karmadhāraya and Bahuvrīhi compounds, and also at the beginning of some other irregular words. (Note : The number of compounds of which mahā is the first member is very large, and may be multiplied ad infinitum. The more important of them, or such as have peculiar significations, are given below.)

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Māhā (माहा).—A cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahā (महा).—[, read sahā, q.v.: lokadhātu mahā (so text) nāma Mahāvastu iii.342.8, referring to the earth, in which Śākya- muni is preaching the Law.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maha (मह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. A festival. 2. Light, lustre. 3. A buffalo. 4. Sacrifice, oblation. f.

(-hā) 1. A cow. 2. A plant, (Hedysarum lagopodioides.) E. mah to worship, aff. ghañ: see mahasa and mahi .

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Māhā (माहा).—f.

(-hā) A cow. E. prohibitive prefix, han to kill, affs. ḍa and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maha (मह).—[mah + a], I. adj. f. , Great, Chr. 288, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 88, 14. Ii. m. 1. Light. 2. A festival. 3. A sacrifice. 4. A buffalo. Iii. f. , A cow. Iv. f. . 1. The earth, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 172, 13 (as deity); [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 179, 6; landed property, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 322. 2. A cow. 3. Name of a river.

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Mahā (महा).—[mahā-], a substitute for mahant, when former part of compounds of the Bahuvrīhi and Karmadhāraya classes; e. g. mahā-rāja, m. A great king, Chr. 3, 4. mahā-durga, adj. Very difficult to be crossed, [Pañcatantra] 123, 17. mahā-tapas, adj. Practising great austerities, Chr. 9, 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maha (मह).—1. [masculine] feast, festival.

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Maha (मह).—2. [adjective] great, rich, abundant, [abstract] † [feminine]; [neuter] [plural] great deeds.

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Mahā (महा).—(only °— & [accusative] sgl. mahām) = mahant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maha (मह):—[from mah] 1. maha mfn. great, mighty, strong, abundant, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (cf. makha, magha) a feast, festival, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] the festival of spring, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Ekāha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] a sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] light, lustre, brilliance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Mahā (महा):—[from maha > mah] a f. a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Maha (मह):—[from mah] n. [plural] great deeds, [Ṛg-veda]

10) [from mah] 2. maha in [compound] for mahā before and before r for .

11) Mahā (महा):—[from mah] b in [compound] for mahat (in, [Ṛg-veda ii, 22, 1 and iii, 23; 49, 1] used for mahat as an independent word in [accusative] sg. mahām = mahāntam).

12) c mahā-kaṅkara etc. See p. 794, col. 3.

13) Māhā (माहा):—1. māhā f. a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. mahā, mahī, māheyī).

14) 2. māhā Vṛddhi form of mahā, in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maha (मह):—(haḥ) 1. m. A festival; light; a buffalo; a sacrifice. f. A cow; a plant (Hedysarum legipodioides).

2) Māhā (माहा):—(hā) 1. f. A cow.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maha (मह):—1. (von 1. mah) m. [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 188.]

1) Feier, Fest [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 38. 3, 4, 27, 211.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1508.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 600.] [Medinīkoṣa Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 7.] ye pūjayiṣyanti mahaṃ mama (Indra spricht) [Mahābhārata 1, 2356.] indra [2361.] mahastasya mahāgireḥ [14, 1763. fg.] [Harivaṃśa 3791] (makha die neuere Ausg.). mahaiḥ sureśamarcanti [3806. 3864.] maho yaṃ yasya (dhanuṣaḥ) vartate [4502.] prīto mahena maghavān [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 9.] [Śiśupālavadha 6, 19.] [NALOD. 2, 9.] Vgl. kāma, dhanurmaha, brahma . —

2) Opfer [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. makha und 1. mahas .

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Maha (मह):—2. (= 3. mah)

1) adj. gross, reichlich [das 3, 3.] tamidarbhe ha.iṣyā samā.amittaminma.e vṛṇate [Ṛgveda 10, 91, 8. 1, 146, 5.] vājāḥ [8, 81, 3.] deva [1, 187, 6. 4, 58, 3. Varuṇa 9, 73, 3.] kṛ.āni [2, 11, 6. 15, 1. 3, 34, 6.] tā tū ta indra maha.o ma.āni.pra.ācyā Grossthaten [4, 22, 5. 6, 72, 1.] vī.yāṇi [3, 46. 1.] vra.ā te agne maha.o ma.āni [6, 5. 6, 7, 5.] samitha [1, 55, 5.] ratha [9, 88, 2.] Vgl. tatā, pitā, mātā und [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 36] nebst Vārtt. —

2) m. a) Büffel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1282.] Vgl. mahiṣa . — b) Glanz, Licht (tejas) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 600.] [Medinīkoṣa Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 7]; vgl. 3. mahas . —

3) f. ā a) Kuh [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1265, v. l.]; vgl. māhā . — b) Ichnocarpus frutescens R. Br. (gopavallī) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Mahā (महा):—adj. so v. a. mahant; von diesem Stamme nur acc. sg. mahām [Ṛgveda 2, 11, 9. 22, 1. 3, 2, 3.] śaṃsā ma.āmindram [49, 1. 4, 17, 8. 6, 29, 1.] ā.ā.am [7, 2.] adrim [17, 5.] [9, 40, 3. 65, 1. 10, 80, 7.] Am Anfange eines comp. erscheint sowohl in der älteren, als auch in der späteren Sprache regelmässig mahā und nicht mahant, wenn das comp. als die Verbindung eines adj. mit seinem subst. oder eines adv. (sehr, in hohem Grade) mit seinem adj. aufzufassen ist, [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 61.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 6, 10.] mahāvaira grosse Feindschaft [Spr. 1620.] mahāgrīva (s. bes.) einem langen Hals habend, mahāghora (s. bes.) sehr furchtbar.

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Māhā (माहा):—f. Kuh [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1265.] — Vgl. mahā, mahī, māheyī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Maha (मह):—1. m.

1) Feier , Fest.

2) ein best. Ekāha [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtra (Weber) 14.22,4.] —

3) *Opfer.

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Maha (मह):—2. —

1) Adj. gross , reichlich.

2) *m. — a) Büffel. — b) Glanz , Licht.

3) *f. mahā — a) Kuh. — b) Ichnocarpus frutescens.

4) n. Pl. Grossthaten.

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Mahā (महा):—Adj. gross. Selbständig nur im Acc. mahaām. Am Anfange eines Comp. erscheint sowohl in der älteren , als auch in der späteren Sprache , mit einigen wenigen Ausnahmen , mahā und nicht mahant , wenn das Compositum als die Verbindung eines Adj. mit seinem Subst. oder eines Adv. ( sehr , in hohem Grade ) mit seinem Adj. aufzufassen ist.

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Māhā (माहा):—f. Kuh.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Mahā (महा):——an allomorph of [mahat] as it appears in numerous compounds; ~[kavi] a great poet; an epic poet; ~[kāya] mammoth, a colossus; ~[kāla] the Annihilator; the Time Indefinite; ~[kāvya] an epic; ~[kuṣṭha] leprosy; ~[graṃtha] a voluminous book; a significant work; ~[jāla] a drag-net; ~[deva] an epithet of Lord Shiv; ~[devī] an epithet of goddess Parvati: -Shiv's spouse; queen consort; ~[deśa] sub-continent; ~[nagara/nagarī] a metropolis; cosmopolitan city; ~[dhamanī] the aorta; ~[dhikārapatra] magna charta; ~[nidrā] death; ~[nyāyavādī] attorney general; ~[patha] a highway; ~[parādha] high crime; ~[pātaka] a great sin (five such sins have been enumerated by the Hindu scriptures-killing a Brahman, consuming liquor, theft, committing incest with the preceptor’s wife and associating with one who has committed any of these sins); ~[pātakī] a great sinner; ~[pāpa] see) ~[pātaka; ~pāpī] see ~[pātakī; ~puruṣa] a great man; ~[puruṣocita] befitting a great man; ~[prayāṇa] see ~[prasthāna; ~pralaya] the great deluge; ~[prasthāna] death; the final journey; ~[prājña] a great scholar endowed with great wisdom; ~[prāṇa] an aspirate; possessing tremendous vitality; ~[balādhikṛta] Commander-in-Chief, Supreme Commander; ~[balī] very powerful, a great warrior; an epithet of Lord Hanuman; ~[bāhu] large-armed, valiant, valorous; ~[brāhmaṇa] a Brah:man who performs cremation rituals and accepts payment therefor in cash or kind; ~[bhāga] fortunate, lucky; also used as a form of address; ~[mātya] prime minister, premier; ~[mati] talented, very wise; noble; ~[manā] noble; liberal; ~[mahima] Your/His Majesty; ~[mātra] prime minister; ~[mānya] most Honourable, most revered, His Highness; ~[māyā] female personification of worldly illusions; ~[muni] a great sage; ~[mūrkha] a blithering idiot; ~[yātrā] the geat journey-death; ~[yāna] one of the three main sects of Buddhism; ~[rathī] a great warrior; a leading luminary in any field of activity; ~[rātri] the unending night-the great deluge; ~[lekhākāra] accountant-general; ~[vākya] a sentence impregnated with an expression of essential truth (as [ahaṃ brahmāsmi] - I am Brahma); ~[vratī] one who undertakes great pledges; ~[śirā] ducus venosus; ~[śūnya] the vast sky; ~[satī] a very chaste woman; ~[samudra/sāgara] an ocean.

2) Māha (माह) [Also spelled mah]:—(nm) a month; see [māgha;]; ~[tāba] the moon; ~[nāmā] monthly paper/magazine; -[ba-māha] month by month, monthly; ~[rukha] beautiful like the moon; ~[vāra] monthly, per mensem; ~[vārā] monthly salary; ~[vārānā] monthly, on a monthly basis; ~[vārī] monthly; menstruation.

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