Maha; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Maha (मह).—A son of Bharatāgni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 8.

1b) One of the twenty Amitābha gods.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.

1c) (Maharloka) the fourth of the seven worlds;1 Manus went to it after tapas at Meru; Manus retire to this place when the periods of their duties are over; Gods like Ajitas, Yāma gaṇas and Āyuṣmantas besides Śukra, Cākṣuṣa and others live in Maharloka;2 the space between Dhruva and Jana; the residents of this loka possess mental powers to create any desired thing; even gods sacrifice to each other;3 created from Vyāhṛti.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 60. 2; 61. 1; 184. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 17.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 22; 35. 179, 197; IV. 1. 25, 33, 122. Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 41, 52, 208; 109. 48.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21, 40, 42-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 44.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 23.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Mahā (महा) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Mahānṛsiṃha or Mahānarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pāñcarātra book cover
context information

Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

F Great, superior, of large breadth, noble.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Abhidhamma

Maha means great.

(Source): Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
Abhidhamma book cover
context information

Abhidhamma (अभिधम्म) usually refers to the last section (piṭaka) of the Pali canon and includes schematic classifications of scholastic literature dealing with Theravāda Buddhism. Primary topics include psychology, philosophy, methodology and metaphysics which are rendered into exhaustive enumerations and commentaries.

Pali

maha : (m.) a religious festival. || mahā (mahanta becomes mahā in compounds; the last vowel ā is often shortened euphonically.)

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Maha, (m. & nt.) (fr. mah, see mahati & cp. Vedic nt. mahas) 1. worthiness, venerableness Miln. 357.—2. a (religious) festival (in honour of a Saint, as an act of worship) Mhvs 33, 26 (vihārassa mahamhi, Loc.); VvA. 170 (thūpe ca mahe kate), 200 (id.). mahā° a great festival Mhvs 5, 94. bodhi° festival of the Bo tree J. IV, 229. vihāra° festival held on the building of a monastery J. I, 94; VvA. 188. hatthi° a festival called the elephant f. J. IV, 95. (Page 525)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mahā (महा).—a (S See explanation under mahata) Great, big, large. 2 A great one; a mighty personage; as hē ēka mahā āhēta; tō kāya ēka mahā āhē. Used gravely or jeeringly.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahā (महा).—a Great, big; a great one.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 939 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahabhuta
Mahābhūta (महाभूत) or Pañcamahābhūta refers to the “five great elements” as defined in the Dhar...
Mahapadma
Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is a lake lying on top of mount Mahāhimavān (Mahāhimavat), situated in Jamb...
Mahalakshmi
Mahalakshmi is counted as the eighth Matrika in the Asta-matrika tradition followed i...
Mahabharata
mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n The great sacred epic poem of the Hindus.
Mahanadi
Mahānadi is the name of a major historic river of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The evolution of...
Mahakalpa
Mahākalpa (महाकल्प) refers to a “great aeon” and represents one of the “four aeons” (kalpa) as ...
Pancamahayajna
pañcamahāyajña (पंचमहायज्ञ) [or पंचयज्ञ, pañcayajña].—n S The five yajña or Oblation-services; ...
Mahaushadhi
Mahaushadhi is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th...
Mahapurusha
Mahāpuruṣa (महापुरुष) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Kimpuruṣa class of “peripa...
Mahanila
Mahānīla (महानील) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Aruṇoda and mount Mandara, acco...
Mahanimba
mahānimba (महानिंब).—m (S) A tree, Melia sempervirens.
Mahapundarika
Mahāpuṇḍarīka (महापुण्डरीक) is a lake lying on top of mount Rukmī, situated in Jambūdvīpa: the ...
Mahashiva
Mahāśiva (महाशिव) is the father of Puruṣapuṇḍarīka: the sixth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) accor...
Mahamantra
mahāmantra (महामंत्र).—m (S) The great Mantra of the deities respectively; as gāyatrī is the ma...
Mahashivaratri
Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva. There is a Shi...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.