Maha; 8 Definition(s)
Maha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Maha (मह).—A son of Bharatāgni.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 8.
1b) One of the twenty Amitābha gods.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.
1c) (Maharloka) the fourth of the seven worlds;1 Manus went to it after tapas at Meru; Manus retire to this place when the periods of their duties are over; Gods like Ajitas, Yāma gaṇas and Āyuṣmantas besides Śukra, Cākṣuṣa and others live in Maharloka;2 the space between Dhruva and Jana; the residents of this loka possess mental powers to create any desired thing; even gods sacrifice to each other;3 created from Vyāhṛti.4
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 60. 2; 61. 1; 184. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 17.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 22; 35. 179, 197; IV. 1. 25, 33, 122. Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 41, 52, 208; 109. 48.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21, 40, 42-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 44.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 23.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Mahā (महा) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Mahānṛsiṃha or Mahānarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
F Great, superior, of large breadth, noble.(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Maha means great.(Source): Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
Abhidhamma (अभिधम्म) usually refers to the last section (piṭaka) of the Pali canon and includes schematic classifications of scholastic literature dealing with Theravāda Buddhism. Primary topics include psychology, philosophy, methodology and metaphysics which are rendered into exhaustive enumerations and commentaries.
maha : (m.) a religious festival. || mahā (mahanta becomes mahā in compounds; the last vowel ā is often shortened euphonically.)(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Maha, (m. & nt.) (fr. mah, see mahati & cp. Vedic nt. mahas) 1. worthiness, venerableness Miln. 357.—2. a (religious) festival (in honour of a Saint, as an act of worship) Mhvs 33, 26 (vihārassa mahamhi, Loc.); VvA. 170 (thūpe ca mahe kate), 200 (id.). mahā° a great festival Mhvs 5, 94. bodhi° festival of the Bo tree J. IV, 229. vihāra° festival held on the building of a monastery J. I, 94; VvA. 188. hatthi° a festival called the elephant f. J. IV, 95. (Page 525)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
mahā (महा).—a (S See explanation under mahata) Great, big, large. 2 A great one; a mighty personage; as hē ēka mahā āhēta; tō kāya ēka mahā āhē. Used gravely or jeeringly.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahā (महा).—a Great, big; a great one.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 144 books and stories containing Maha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Patthana Dhamma (by Htoo Naing)
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Nina Van Gorkom)
Maha Kassapa (by Hellmuth Hecker)
Conditions (by Nina van Gorkom)
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Appendix 8 - Appendix To Chapter 31 < [Appendix And Glossary]
Appendix 1 - Appendix To Chapter 2 < [Appendix And Glossary]
Appendix 4 - Appendix To Chapter 9 < [Appendix And Glossary]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
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