Raivata: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Raivata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa

Raivata (रैवत):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Raivata (रैवत) is another name for Vidyullata, one of the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. All of these mountains are tall and filled with gems. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Raivata (रैवत).—Information about this King found in the Mahābhārata is given below:—

An ancient King in Bhārata. Once he heard the Gandharvas singing songs from Sāmaveda in the arbours of Mandara mountain in the south and becoming so much immersed in it, he desired to renounce his country, city, wife and everything and go to the forest. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 109, Stanza 9).

He got a sword from Marutta. He gave that sword to Yuvanāśva. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 166, Stanza 77).

Raivata never ate meat. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Stanza 63).

He is one of the Kings who should be praised in the mornings and evenings. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 165, Stanza 53).

2) Raivata (रैवत).—One of the eleven Rudras. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 19).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Raivata (रैवत).—A Rudra and a son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 29; VI. I. 15. 122.

1b) A son of Reva (known also as Kakudmin); king of Ānarttas; had a daughter Revatī (s.v.) whom he took to Brahmā to consult him as to a suitable bridegroom. The music of Hāha and Hūhu was going on, and when it was finished, there was a different kalpa in the earth; was advised to give her to Balarāma, and so he did.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 15 [1-11]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 20; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 25.

1c) The fifth Manu; during his epoch were Devabāhu and six other sages, Gods named Ābhūtarajasas.1 Vibhu was Indra; Amitābha and other three gaṇas of gods each 14 in number; Hiraṇyaroma and other six formed the saptaṛṣis; Balabandhu and others were his sons; of the Priyavrata line.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 19-22; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 3.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 6, 20-4.

1d) A class of reptiles, as arrows of Tripurāri.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 133. 25.

1e) A king and father-in-law of Baladeva.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 19.

1f) A Prasūta god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 60.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Raivata (रैवत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.67, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Raivata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Raivata (रैवत) or Raivatamanvantara refers to the one of the fourteen Manvantaras, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “In raivata-manvantara the name of Indra was Vibhu. The gods were divided into four groups like Vaikuṇṭha etc. The Saptarṣis were said to be Hiraṇyaromā, Viśvaśrī, Aindrabāhu, Urdhavabāhu, Subāhu, Parjanya and Mahāmuni who were born in the race of Priyavrata.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Raivata (रैवत) is the son of Ānarata, an ancient king from the Sūrya dynasty (sūryavaṃśa), in the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] his [viz., Ānarta’s] son was the virtuous king Raivata, who ruled the kingdom from his capitol Kuśasthalī. He had a hundred sons and one daughter. His daughter, who was named Revatī, yearned to have a husband that was handsome, lived eternally, and was better than all other men”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Raivata (रैवत) is the name of a gandharva god according to the Śvetāmbara tradition, while the Digambara does not recognize this. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Raivata are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raivata (रैवत).—a. (- f.)

1) Rich, wealthy.

2) Plentiful, abundant.

3) Splendid, beautiful.

-taḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) Saturn.

3) Name of a mountain.

4) A cloud.

5) Name of the 5th Manu; Ms.1.62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raivata (रैवत).—(1) name of a brahman ascetic who entertained the Bodhisattva: Lalitavistara 238.9; (2) = Revata, q.v. (perhaps read so): Divyāvadāna 182.22; 198.8 (in lists of names of disciples).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivata (रैवत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A mountain, the eastern part of the Vind'hya range, or that part in which the Reva rises. 2. A tree, (Cassia fistula.) 3. A name of Siva. 4. A Daitya or demon. 5. The fifth Manu of the present Kalpa. E. revā the Reva river, aff. and ta added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivata (रैवत).—i. e. revant + a (cf. revanta), m. 1. The fifth Manu, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 62. 2. A name of Śiva. 3. A Daitya. 4. A mountain, the eastern part of the Vindhya range.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivata (रैवत).—[feminine] ī descended from a wealthy family rich, opulent; [Name] of a Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raivata (रैवत):—[from rai] a mf(ī)n. ([from] revat) descended from a wealthy family, rich, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] relating to Manu Raivata, [Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] connected with the Sāman R°, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a cloud, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 10]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of Soma, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of tuberous vegetable (= suvarṇālu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (as [patronymic] of revata and [metronymic] of revati) Name of a demon presiding over a [particular] disease of children, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of one of the 11 Rudras, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of the 5th Manu, [Manu-smṛti i, 62; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] of a Brahmarṣi, [Lalita-vistara]

14) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] of Kakudmin (the ruler of Ānarta), [Purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of a son of Amṛtodana by Revatī, [Buddhist literature]

17) [v.s. ...] of a mountain near Kuśa-sthalī (the capital of the country Ānarta), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

18) [v.s. ...] (with ṛṣabha) Name of a Sāman, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana]

19) [from rai] n. Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa; Vasiṣṭha]

20) b etc. See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raivata (रैवत):—(taḥ) 1. m. A mountain so called; Cassia fistuala; Shiva; a demon; the fifth Manu.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Raivata (रैवत):—

1) adj. a) (von revant) oxyt. aus wohlhabendem Hause stammend, reich: va.ā i.edraiva.āso.hiraṇyaira.hi sva.hābhista.vaḥ pipiśre [Ṛgveda 5, 60, 4.] — b) zum Manu Raivata in Beziehung stehend: antara, manvantara Raivata's Manvantara [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 5, 1.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 100, 36.] — c) oxyt. zum Sāman Raivata gehörig u.s.w.: Indra [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 3, 7, 3. Savitar] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 29, 60.] ṛṣabha [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 13, 10, 10.] [LĀṬY. 6, 10, 2. 7, 1, 1.] —

2) m. a) oxyt. Wolke [das 1, 10.] — b) eine (imaginäre) Art von Soma [Suśruta 2, 164. 18.] ein best. Knollengewächs, = suvarṇālu [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 181.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 145.] = suvarṇa und alu [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 289.] — c) Bez. des Dämons einer best. Kinderkrankheit: aditiṃ revatīṃ prāhurgrahastasyāstu raivataḥ . so pi bālānmahāghoro bādhate vai mahāgrahaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 3, 14482. fg.] — d) Name einer der [?11 Rudra Harivaṃśa 166. Viṣṇupurāṇa 121. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6.6,17. Oxforder Handschriften 82,b,26.] — e) Beiname Śiva’s [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 45. 3, 3, 181.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — f) Name des 5ten Manu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 62.] [Harivaṃśa 409. 434.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 262. fg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 1, 28. 8, 5, 2.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 53, 7. 75, 1. fgg. 68.] — g) Nomen proprium eines Daitya [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — h) Nomen proprium eines Ṛṣi [Mahābhārata 2, 145] (parvata ed. Bomb.). eines Brahmarṣi [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 295, 3.] eines Fürsten [Mahābhārata 5, 3788. 13, 5665] (raivate ranti st. raivatena ranti ed. Bomb.). [Harivaṃśa 5250] (patron. von revata; die neuere Ausg. liest auch [5248. fg.] raivata). patron. Kakudmin's, Beherrschers von Ānarta, Kuśasthalī [644. fgg. 6265.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 355. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 52, 15.] eines Sohnes des Amṛtodana von der Revatī [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 237 (7). 266 (36).] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 126.] — i) Nomen proprium eines Gebirges bei Kuśasthalī (= jayanta, ujjayanta) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 181.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 1, 7936. 2, 614.] [Harivaṃśa 5249. 6265.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 180,] [Nalopākhyāna 3.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57, 14.] [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 352.] raivatādri [10, 148.] raivatācala [149.] giri [Oxforder Handschriften 149,a,20.] = (3) f. ī [Mahābhārata 13, 6236. 6242] (revatī ed. Calc.) nach [Nīlakaṇṭha] = raivata n.: eher als adj. mit iṣṭi (= pavitreṣṭi nach [Nīlakaṇṭha]) zu verbinden. —

4) n. Name eines Sāman (aus [Ṛgveda.1,30,13]) [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,232,a.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 10,14. 13,58.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 23,4.] [ŚR. 10,7,1.8,14.] [LĀṬY.3,12,6.] [Kauṣītakyupaniṣad.1,5.] Auch raivata (v. l. raivatya) ṛṣabhaḥ als Name eines Sāman, = rudrasya (vgl. oben u. 2, (d) (e) ṛṣabhaḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 232],a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Raivata (रैवत):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) aus wohlhabendem Hause stammend , reich. — b) zu Manu Raivata in Beziehung stehend. — c) zum Sāman Raivata gehörig. — d) mit ṛṣabha m. Name eines Sāman. — e) mit iṣṭi f. Bez. eines best. Gebets oder Opfers.

2) m. — a) *Wolke. — b) eine (imaginäre) Art Soma. — c) *ein best. Knollengewächs ( suvarṇālu , woraus auch zwei Bedeutungen gemacht werden). — d) *Beiname Śiva's. — e) Patron. von revata und Metron. von revatī undNomen proprium — α) des Dämons einer best. Kinderkrankheit. — β) eines der 11 Rudra. — γ) *eines Daitya. — δ) des 5ten Manu. — ε) eines Ṛṣi , Brahmarṣi und verschiedener Fürsten. — ζ) eines Gebirges. Auch giri , raivatācala und raivatādri. —

3) n. Name verschiedener Sāman [Ārṣeyabrāhmaṇa] [Vasiṣṭha 28,12.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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