Pururava, Purūravā, Purūrava: 7 definitions


Pururava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pururava in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Purūravā (पुरूरवा):—One of the sons of Sudyumna (son of Vaivasvata Manu). Purūravā received the entire kingdom when Sudyumna was sufficiently old. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.1.42)

2) Purūravā (पुरूरवा):—Son of Budha (son of Soma and Tārā), begotten through the womb of Ilā. Urvaśī (celestial woman) was attracted to him. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.14.15-16)

Purūravā, through the womb of Urvaśī, begot six sons,

  1. Āyu,
  2. Śrutāyu,
  3. Satyāyu,
  4. Raya,
  5. Vijaya
  6. and Jaya.

(see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.1)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Purūrava (पुरूरव).—(Aila) son of Budha and (Sudyumna in female form) Ilā; anointed king of Pratiṣṭhāna (Prayāgā) by Sudyumna when he retired to forest;1 eager for territory;2 having heard of his beauty from Nārada, Ūrvaśī desired to marry him; she met the king and offered to be with him under two conditions, that he would undertake to protect the two sheep in her custody, and never to show himself naked except at their sexual intercourse; agreeing to the conditions he enjoyed her company, going round the earth, and frequenting Caitraratha and other gardens; missing Ūrvaśi, Indra asked his Gandharvas to fetch her back; at midnight they stole the sheep, and hearing their noise she induced Purūravas to recover them; the king who was then naked, went as he was and fetched them back; but Ūrvaśī seeing him naked left him; mad in love with her he followed her naked begging her to stay on; he found her playing in the Sarasvatī waters with five friends; on an appeal from him she agreed to sleep with him one day every year; but he was all anxious to have her for ever; on her advice he prayed to the Gandharvas who gave him accommodation and an Agnisṭhālī; he left it on the way in a forest and went home; meanwhile Tretāyuga had commenced; he went to see his sthālī but found an aśvattha instead; there in order to get at Ūrvaśī he cut off a couple of branches (araṇi) and churned them; fire, Jātavedas came with the three Vedas who all became his sons; by this one Veda became three;3 had six sons Āyu and others by Ūrvaśī;4 finding she had gone once for all, he repented his action, got ashamed of his position as king and devoted himself to Hari; worshipped the Fire which was his son and reached the Gandharva world; the story given as an example of the evils of bad association;5 meets Pitṛs every New Moon day; a Kṣatriya mantravādin; ācārya of Sāmagas; originator of three sacred fires6 of the Ikṣvāku line but originator of the lunar race and a Rājaṛṣi; the Ailas came into prominence in the Tretāyuga and declined in the Kali.7 By meditating on the 108 names of the Devī scored success over his enemies;8 as a result of tapas at the Himālayas in honour of Janārdana, became the lord of the seven Dvīpas; slew Keśī and other Asuras; was offered ardhāsana by Indra, going to see him every day; paid more attention to Dharma and incurred the displeasure of Artha and Kāma; Initiated in bharatanāṭya śāstra9 in Dvijagrāma, became the king of Madradeśa in the Cākṣuṣa Manvantara;10 served Kūhu and Sinīvāli to obtain nectar from the moon for performing rituals to the Pitṛs; gained his wish by the blessings of Atri11 and by tapas in the Himālayas.12

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 35, 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 65. 45-6; 66. 1-2, 19-22; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 106; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 12 and 16.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 3. 9.
  • 3) Ib. IX. 14. 15-49; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 1-52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 34-93.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 1; 17. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 89; 2. 14.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 26. 3-35.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 28. 1-9, 97; 32. 120; 33. 9; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 115; Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 1, 22; 91. 48.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 15; 13. 62; 273. 52-3, 65.
  • 8) Ib. 13. 62.
  • 9) Ib. 24. 10-33.
  • 10) Ib. 115. 4, 7-8, 10-18.
  • 11) Ib. 141, 1, 8-20.
  • 12) Ib. chh. 116-17, 119; 120. 48.

1b) A Viśvedeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Purūrava (पुरूरव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Purūrava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Pururava (पुरुरव) and his descendants are described in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, chapter twenty-six describes Brahmā’s creation of Marīci, Dakṣa and others, the descendants of Dakṣa’s daughter. Uttānapāda’s descendants, Prahlādas accounts and his descendants killing of Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa, the descendants of Pulastya, Atri and Kaśyapa, the descendants of Ikṣvāku; the descendants of Pururavas including those of Puru and Yadu are described in chapters twenty-seven through thirty-one.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Purūravā (पुरूरवा).—A king who was captivated by the celestial woman Urvaśī.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Purūrava (पुरूरव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Purūravas.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pururava in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Purūravā (புரூரவா) noun < Purūravas. An ancient king of the Lunar race, one of six tikiri-maṉṉavar, q.v.; திகிரிமன்னவருள் ஒருவனான ஓர் சந்திரவமிசத்து அரசன். புரூரவாவினைத் தன்சுத னெனும்படி [thigirimannavarul oruvanana or santhiravamisathu arasan. pururavavinaith thansutha nenumbadi] (மகாபாரதம் குருகுல. [magaparatham kurugula.] 9).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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