Ashvini, aka: Aśvinī; 7 Definition(s)
Ashvini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Aśvinī can be transliterated into English as Asvini or Ashvini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Aśvinī (अश्विनी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Aśvinīnakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Aśvinī means “wife of the Aśvins” and is associated with the deity known as Aśvinī (“the horse-headed twins who are physicians to the gods and children of the Sun”). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Ketu (South lunar node).
Indian zodiac: |0°| – |13° 20' Meṣa|
Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) corresponds with Aries
Western zodiac: |26° Aries| – |9° 20' Taurus|
Aries corresponds with Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) and Taurus corresponds with Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’).
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Aśvinī (अश्विनी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Aśvinī (अश्विनी).—The wife of Akrūra, and mother of thirteen sons.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 32-3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Aśvinī (अश्विनी) refers to the first of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., aśvinī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Aśvayujau ‘the two horse-harnessers’ denotes the stars β and ζ Arietis. Aśvinyau and Aśvinī (अश्विनी) are later names.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Aśvinī (अश्विनी) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Aśvinī is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Leou, Tibetan Tha-skar and modern Arietis.
Aśvinī is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Aśvinī), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Aśvinī (अश्विनी).—[aśvastaduttamāṅgākāro'styasya ini ṅīp]
1) The first of the 27 Nakṣatras or lunar mansions (consisting of three stars).
2) A nymph considered in later times as the mother of the Aśvins, the wife of the Sun, who concealed herself in the from of a mare.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 58 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Aśvinīnakṣatra (अश्विनीनक्षत्र) is another name for Aśvinī: a particular section of the eclipti...
Aśvinīputrau (अश्विनीपुत्रौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīputrau is a Sanskri...
Aśvinī-muhūrta (अश्विनी-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, use...
Aśvinīkumārau (अश्विनीकुमारौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīkumārau is a Sansk...
Aśvinīsutau (अश्विनीसुतौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīsutau is a Sanskrit co...
Asvinītīrtha (अस्विनीतीर्थ).—Promises bodily splendour if one takes a bath in this lake. (Śloka...
Nakṣatra (नक्षत्र).—1. One of the twenty-seven or twenty-eight constellations that lie in the o...
Sūrya (सूर्य) or Sūryya.—m. (-ryaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Gigantic swallow wort, (Asclepias gigantea.)...
Aśvattha (अश्वत्थ) is the name of a tree (Pīpala tree) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (ce...
Bhavana.—(LL), a temple. Cf. pura, āyatana, ālaya, etc. Note: bhavana is defined in the “Indian...
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—m. (-vaḥ) The youngest of the five Pandava princes, begotten on Madri by the ...
Madrī (मद्री).—(= Pali Maddī), n. of the wife of Viśvaṃtara (or Sudaṃṣṭra): Jm 56.22 ff.; RP 22...
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioi...
Rikṣa (रिक्ष).—(semi-MIndic for Sanskrit ṛkṣa), bear: MSV i.v.15.
Gaṇḍa (गण्ड).—m. (nt. ? compare also gaṇḍikā and gaṇḍaka), (1) stalk of a plant (in this sense,...
Search found 20 books and stories containing Ashvini or Aśvinī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 3 - The Marriage of Sukanya and Cyavana Muni < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 13 - Description of Future Manus < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Chapter 9 - Appearance of the Demon Vrtrasura < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LXI - Influences of the moon in her different mansions < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXXVII - The Damanaka Tryodasi Vratas < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 14: Nandinīpitṛ < [Chapter VIII - Initiation of ṛṣabhadatta and devānandā]
Part 12: Nami’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter XI - Śrī Namināthacaritra]
Part 7: Initiation of Nami < [Chapter XI - Śrī Namināthacaritra]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)