Ashvini, aka: Aśvinī; 7 Definition(s)


Ashvini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvinī can be transliterated into English as Asvini or Ashvini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Aśvinī (अश्विनी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Aśvinīnakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Aśvinī means “wife of the Aśvins” and is associated with the deity known as Aśvinī (“the horse-headed twins who are physicians to the gods and children of the Sun”). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Ketu (South lunar node).

Indian zodiac: |0°| – |13° 20' Meṣa|
Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) corresponds with Aries

Western zodiac: |26° Aries| – |9° 20' Taurus|
Aries corresponds with Meṣa (मेष, ‘ram’) and Taurus corresponds with Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Aśvinī (अश्विनी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ashvini in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1a) Aśvinī (अश्विनी).—The wife of Akrūra, and mother of thirteen sons.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 32-3.

1b) A nakṣatra; as part of nāgavithī;1 effect of śrāddha, performed in;2 as the presiding deity of musical melody aśvakrantā.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48.
  • 2) Ib. 82. 14.
  • 3) Ib. 86. 64.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Aśvinī (अश्विनी) refers to the first of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., aśvinī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Aśvayujau ‘the two horse-harnessers’ denotes the stars β and ζ Arietis. Aśvinyau and Aśvinī (अश्विनी) are later names.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Aśvinī (अश्विनी) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Aśvinī is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Leou, Tibetan Tha-skar and modern Arietis.

Aśvinī is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Aśvinī), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvinī (अश्विनी).—[aśvastaduttamāṅgākāro'styasya ini ṅīp]

1) The first of the 27 Nakṣatras or lunar mansions (consisting of three stars).

2) A nymph considered in later times as the mother of the Aśvins, the wife of the Sun, who concealed herself in the from of a mare.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 56 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aśvinīnakṣatra (अश्विनीनक्षत्र) is another name for Aśvinī: a particular section of the eclipti...
Aśvinīsutau (अश्विनीसुतौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīsutau is a Sanskrit co...
Aśvinīputrau (अश्विनीपुत्रौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīputrau is a Sanskri...
Aśvinī-muhūrta (अश्विनी-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, use...
Aśvinīkumārau (अश्विनीकुमारौ).—the twin sons of Aśvinī, the Sun's wife.Aśvinīkumārau is a Sansk...
Asvinītīrtha (अस्विनीतीर्थ).—Promises bodily splendour if one takes a bath in this lake. (Śloka...
Nakṣatra (नक्षत्र).—1. One of the twenty-seven or twenty-eight constellations that lie in the o...
Bhavana.—(LL), a temple. Cf. pura, āyatana, ālaya, etc. Note: bhavana is defined in the “Indian...
Sūrya.—(IE 7-1-2; EI 25), ‘twelve’. Note: sūrya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary...
Aśvattha (अश्वत्थ) is the name of a tree (Pīpala tree) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (ce...
Sahadēva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (130...
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioi...
Mādrī (माद्री).—Mādrī who was the second wife of Pāṇḍu was a daughter of the King of Madra. She...
1) Nakula (नकुल).—Birth. The fourth of the Pāṇḍavas. Mādrī, the second of the two wives of Pāṇḍ...
Gaṇḍā (गण्डा).—A dāsī, who served the saptarṣis. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 93).

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