Savarna, Savarṇā, Sāvarṇa, Shavarna: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Savarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Savarn.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Savarṇā (सवर्णा).—Wife of the muni called Prācīnabarhis. Savarṇā was the daughter of Samudra (ocean). (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 14). The couple had ten sons called the Pracetases, and they were very efficient in Dhanurveda. All of them engaged themselves in obserying the same dharma (duty) and did tapas for 10,000 years under the sea. (For details see under Prācīnabarhis).

2) Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण).—A hermit. This hermit shone in the council of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 15.)

3) Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण).—(SĀVARṆI). A Manu. (For further details see under Manvantara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Savarṇā (सवर्णा).—A daughter of Sāgara and Velā; married by Prācīnabarhis and had ten sons called Pracetas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 39.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Savarṇa (सवर्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.101) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Savarṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Savarṇa (सवर्ण).—Cognate, homophonic; a letter belonging to the same technical category of letters possessing an identical place of utterance and internal effort; cf. तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P. 1, 1. 9. For example, the eighteen varieties of अ (a), due to its short, long and protracted nature as also due to its accents and nasalization, are savarna to each other. The vowels ऋ () and लृ (lṛ) are prescribed to be considered as Savarna although their place of utterance differs. The consonants in each class of consonants are savarna to one another, but by the utterance of one, another cannot be taken except when the vowel उ (u) has been applied to the first. Thus कु (ku) stands for क्, ख्, ग्, घ् (k, kh, g, gh) and ङ् (). cf. तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P. 1, I. 9 and अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः (aṇuditsavarṇasya cāpratyayaḥ) P. I. 1. 69.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Savarṇa (सवर्ण) refers to a “color”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, while Saturn is in Kṛttikā, Jupiter should be in the constellation of Viśākhā, mankind will then become very wicked. If both the planets should be in one and the same constellation, the chief towns will suffer. If Saturn should appear variegated in colour, birds will perish; if yellow, there will be fear from hunger; if of blood colour [i.e., rakta-savarṇa], there will be wars in the land and if of ashy colour, mankind will be very much at strife. If Saturn should appear as bright as the Vaidūrya gem or pure or of the colour of the Bāṇa (a black flower) or Atasī flower, mankind will be happy. Whatever may be the colour of Saturn, the persons who or objects which correspond to the particular colour will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savarṇa (सवर्ण).—a S Of the same color, tribe, class &c. with; like, similar, homogeneous, congenerous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savarṇa (सवर्ण).—a Of the same colour; like.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Savarṇa (सवर्ण).—a. [samāno varṇo yasya]

1) Of the same colour.

2) Of like appearance, like, resembling; दुर्वर्णभित्तिरिह सान्द्र- सुधासवर्णा (durvarṇabhittiriha sāndra- sudhāsavarṇā) Śiśupālavadha 4.28; Meghadūta 18; R.9.51.

3) Of the same caste or tribe; उद्वहेत द्विजो भार्यां सवर्णां लक्षणान्विताम् (udvaheta dvijo bhāryāṃ savarṇāṃ lakṣaṇānvitām) Manusmṛti 3.4.

4) Of the same kind, similar.

5) Belonging to the same class of letters, requiring the same effort (of the organs of speech) in pronunciation; तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P.I.1.9.

6) Having the same denominator.

-rṇaḥ the son of a Brāhmaṇa and a Kṣatriya woman, a Māhiṣya.

--- OR ---

Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण).—a. (-rṇā f.) Relating or belonging to one of the same colour, tribe or caste.

-rṇaḥ A metronymic of the eighth Manu; see सावर्णि (sāvarṇi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savarṇa (सवर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Like, resembling. 2. Of the same tribe or class. 3. Of the same kind, homogeneous. f.

(-rṇā) 1. A name of Chhaya, one of the wives of the sun. 2. Belonging to the same class of letters, i. e. requiring the same effort in pronunciation. E. sa for samāna like, same, varṇa tribe, colour, &c.

--- OR ---

Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) The eighth Manu. f. (-rṇī) Relating to one of the same colour, tribe or caste. E. savarṇa the wife of sun, his mother, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savarṇa (सवर्ण).—I. adj. 1. like, resembling, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 18. 2. of the same caste, kind, Mahābhārata 2, 865. Ii. f. ṇā, Chāyā, the wife of the sun.

Savarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and varṇa (वर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Savarṇa (सवर्ण).—[adjective] of the same colour or caste; similar, like, homogeneous ([genetive] or —°). Abstr. († [feminine]*), tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Savarṇa (सवर्ण):—[=sa-varṇa] [from sa > sa-vaṃśā] mf(ā)n. (sa-) having the same colour or appearance, similar, like, equal to ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of the same tribe or class, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] belonging to the same class of sounds, homogeneous with ([compound]), [Prātiśākhya; Pāṇini] (cf. a-s)

4) [v.s. ...] m. the son of a Brāhman and a Kṣatriya woman, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

5) [v.s. ...] a Māhiṣya (q.v.) who lives by astrology, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Savarṇā (सवर्णा):—[=sa-varṇā] [from sa-varṇa > sa > sa-vaṃśā] f. a woman of the same caste, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

7) [v.s. ...] past.

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the woman substituted by Saraṇyū for herself as a wife of the Sun (she is said to have given birth to Manu, and is called in later legends Chāyā; cf. saraṃyū), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of the Ocean and wife of Prācīna-barhis, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण):—mfn. ([from] sa-varṇa) relating or belonging to one of the same colour or tribe or caste, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) m. Name of a Ṛṣi, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata]

12) of the eighth Manu (cf. sāvarṇi), [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

13) of the Saṃhitā traced back to Sāvarṇi (cf. under sāvarṇaka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Savarṇa (सवर्ण):—[sa-varṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a. Like, of the same kind or class. 1. f. Wife of the sun.

2) Sāvarṇa (सावर्ण):—(rṇaḥ) 1. m. The second Manu.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Savarṇa (सवर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Savaṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Savarna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Savarna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Savarṇa (सवर्ण) [Also spelled savarn]:—(a) of the same colour/caste; caste; belonging to the three upper castes (of the Hindu social set-up); hence ~[] (nf); —[hiṃdū] a caste Hindu.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣavarṇa (ಷವರ್ಣ):—[noun] the letter the letter "ಷ".

--- OR ---

Savarṇa (ಸವರ್ಣ):—

1) [adjective] of the same colour.

2) [adjective] of, belonging to, the same caste, class or group.

--- OR ---

Savarṇa (ಸವರ್ಣ):—

1) [noun] the letter "ಸ".

2) [noun] the quality or fact of being similar; similarity; resemblence; likeness.

3) [noun] (gram.) a vowel as related to another belonging to the same class or group.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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