Maharaja, aka: Maha-raja, Mahārāja; 9 Definition(s)
Maharaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahārāja (महाराज).—Veda personified as.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 85.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Mahārāja (महाराज, “great king”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19.
Mahārāja is used in the following situations:
- Addressing the king,
- By all women addressing their husband if he is the king.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Mahārāja (महाराज) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..
The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).(Source): archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Mahārāja (महाराज) or Mahārājarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., mahārāja-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mahārāja (महाराज) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.
Mahārāja is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.(Source): Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
mahārāja : (m.) a great king.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
mahārāja (महाराज).—m (S) A sovereign, an emperor, a lord paramount. 2 Applied as a respectful compellation to superiors in general. 3 A deified teacher of the jaina-sect.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahārāja (महाराज).—m A sovereign; a respectful compellation to superiors.
--- OR ---
mahārāja (महाराज).—n The country of the Marathas.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a great king, sovereign or supreme ruler; पञ्चाशल्लक्षपर्यन्तो महाराजः प्रकीर्तितः (pañcāśallakṣaparyanto mahārājaḥ prakīrtitaḥ) Śukra.1.184.
2) a respectful mode of addressing kings or other great personages (my lord, your majesty, your highness); इति सत्यं महाराज बद्धोऽस्म्यर्थेन कौरवैः (iti satyaṃ mahārāja baddho'smyarthena kauravaiḥ) Mb.
3) a deified Jaina teacher.
4) a fingernail. °अधिराजः (adhirājaḥ) a universal emperor, paramount sovereign. °चूतः (cūtaḥ) a kind of mango tree.
Derivable forms: mahārājaḥ (महाराजः).
Mahārāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rāja (राज).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 58 books and stories containing Maharaja, Maha-raja or Mahārāja. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.7.125 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.1.199 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 1.5.107 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 5 - The Meeting of Nanda Maharaja and Vasudeva < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 23 - Maharaja Prthu’s Going Back Home < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
Chapter 10 - Dhruva Maharaja’s Fight With the Yaksas < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 8 - Nagadeva Maharaja (A.D. 1273-1281) < [Chapter XV - The Nagas]
Part 9 - The Saluvas of Tirupati < [Chapter XVIII - The Saluvas]
Part 11 - Vijayaditya IV (A.D. 1246-1255) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Bhagavad-gita-mahatmya (by Shankaracharya)
Parables of Rama (by Swami Rama Tirtha)