Maharaja, aka: Maha-raja, Mahārāja; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maharaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Maharaja in Purana glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज).—Veda personified as.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 85.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Maharaja in Natyashastra glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज, “great king”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19.

Mahārāja is used in the following situations:

  • Addressing the king,
  • By all women addressing their husband if he is the king.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Maharaja in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..

The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).

(Source): archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Maharaja in Rasashastra glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज) or Mahārājarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., mahārāja-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Maharaja in Mahayana glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Mahārāja is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Maharaja in Pali glossaries]

mahārāja : (m.) a great king.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

[Maharaja in Marathi glossaries]

mahārāja (महाराज).—m (S) A sovereign, an emperor, a lord paramount. 2 Applied as a respectful compellation to superiors in general. 3 A deified teacher of the jaina-sect.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahārāja (महाराज).—m A sovereign; a respectful compellation to superiors.

--- OR ---

mahārāja (महाराज).—n The country of the Marathas.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Maharaja in Sanskrit glossaries]

Mahārāja (महाराज).—

1) a great king, sovereign or supreme ruler; पञ्चाशल्लक्षपर्यन्तो महाराजः प्रकीर्तितः (pañcāśallakṣaparyanto mahārājaḥ prakīrtitaḥ) Śukra.1.184.

2) a respectful mode of addressing kings or other great personages (my lord, your majesty, your highness); इति सत्यं महाराज बद्धोऽस्म्यर्थेन कौरवैः (iti satyaṃ mahārāja baddho'smyarthena kauravaiḥ) Mb.

3) a deified Jaina teacher.

4) a fingernail. °अधिराजः (adhirājaḥ) a universal emperor, paramount sovereign. °चूतः (cūtaḥ) a kind of mango tree.

Derivable forms: mahārājaḥ (महाराजः).

Mahārāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rāja (राज).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of maharaja in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 2256 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahendra
Mahendra (महेन्द्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter,...
Mahapadma
1) Mahāpadma (महापद्म) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Mahāpadma ...
Mahabala
Mahābalā (महाबला) is another name for Vatsādanī, a medicinal plant identified with Cocculus hir...
Mahadeva
Mahādeva (महादेव) is the name of a deity who received the Makuṭāgama from Śiva through the mahā...
Mahamaya
Mahāmāyā (महामाया) is the mother of the Buddha and the sister of Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī, who was...
Mahakala
Mahākāla (महाकाल) is the name of a deity and/or his cementary (śmaśāna) near the river Gandhava...
Raja
Raja (रज) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, according...
Mahabhuta
Mahābhūta (महाभूत).—a great or primary element; see भूत (bhūta); तस्यैतस्य महाभूतस्य निःश्वसितम...
Mahasena
1) Mahāsena (महासेन).—Another name for Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 225, Verse...
Mahalakshmi
Mahālakṣmī (महालक्ष्मी) is one of the epithets of Durgā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, cha...
Mahavidya
Mahāvidyā (महाविद्या) or Mahāvidyāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of ...
Maheshvara
Maheśvara (महेश्वर).—Another name of Śiva.
Mahanadi
1) Mahānadī (महानदी).—A river, celebrated in the Purāṇas and flowing through the region Utkala ...
Bhringaraja
Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—1) see भृङ्गराज् (bhṛṅgarāj). 2) Name of a bird; शुकशारिका भृङ्गराजो वा ...
Maha
mahā (महा).—a Great, big; a great one.

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: