Vasubandhu; 4 Definition(s)


Vasubandhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Vasubandhu in Buddhism glossaries]
Buddhist philosopher of 500 A.D. The 21st Buddhist patriach of Mahayana Buddhism. He was great Buddhist commentator in Hinayana, but was converted to Yogacara by his brother Asanga.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Vasubandhu (वसुबन्धु).—According to Tibetan sources, Asaṅga (965-900 BCE) and Vasubandhu (963-883 BCE) were half-brothers from Puruṣapura of Gāndhāra Janapada and born 900 years after Buddha nirvana. Asaṅga’s father was a Kśatriya whereas Vasubandhu’s father was a Brāhmaṇa. Prasannaśīlā was the mother of Asaṅga and Vasubandhu. Professor J. Takakusu published “The Life of Vasubandhu by Paramārtha” in the year 1904. It is a translation from a Chinese manuscript. It states that a Kauśika Brāhmaṇa family of Puruṣapura (Peshawar) had three sons, Asaṅga, Vasubandhu and Viriñchivatsa.

Vasubandhu authored the famous text Abhidhamma Kośa. King Bālāditya (also known as Gambhirapaksha and Chandraprakasha) became the King of Ayodhyā after the death of his father Vikramāditya. King Bālāditya invited Vasubandhu to Ayodhyā. Vasubandhu debated with Vasurāta, a grammarian who was the brother-in-law of King Bālāditya. He also debated with Sanghabhadra, a Hīnayāna scholar. Bhartṛhari, the author of “Vākyapadīyam”, was the son and pupil of Vasurāta.

(Source): The Chronological History of Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

[Vasubandhu in India history glossaries]

Vasubandhu (950-870 BCE).—Chinese translation of Paramartha’s “Life of Vasubandhu” tells us that Vas ubandhu’s teacher Budhamitra was in the court of King Pi-ka-la-ma-a-chi-ta (Vikramaditya) of A-yu-ja (Ayodhya). The crown prince and the son of Vikramaditya was Ba-la-chi-ti-ya (Baladitya). After the death of Vikramaditya, Baladitya became the king. He invited Vasubandhu to Ayodhya. Vasubandhu accepted the invitation of King Baladitya and settled in Ayodhya. Evidently, Vikramaditya was Chandragupta and Baladitya was Chnadrapraksha as mentioned in Vamana’s Kavyalankara -Sutravritti.

(Source): Who was the Indian King Sandrokottus?

Vasubandhu (960-880 BCE).—Though Buddhism was introduced in Tibet during the time of Samantabhadra (16th century BCE) but Acharya Vetalakshema [Garab Dorje] (1321-1221 BCE) was the first teacher of Tibetan Buddhism. It appears that early Tibetan Buddhists followed Indian Buddhist scholars like Vasubandhu.

(Source): The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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