Vastuka, Vāstuka, Vāstūka, Vashtuka: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vastuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vāstuka (वास्तुक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Chenopodium murale (nettle-leaved goosefoot), from the Amaranthaceae family. Certain plant parts of Vāstuka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Note that Chenopodium murale is a synonym of Chenopodiastrum murale.

According to Satish Chandra Sankhyadhar in his translation of the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.122-123), Vāstuka is listed as a synonym of Vāstūka, which is identified with Chenopodium album (lamb’s quarters). This plant (vāstūka) is listed with the following synonyms: Vāstuka, Vāstu, Vastuka, Hilamocikā, Śākarāja, Rājaśāka and Cakravati. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century Āurvedic encyclopedia.

Properties according to the Carakasaṃhitā: The vegetables of Vāstuka alleviate three doṣas. It is also laxative.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Vāstūka is sweet, cooling, alkaline besides being slightly acidic. It controls all the three doṣas and is an appetiser. It alleviates fever and is effective in haemorrhoides. It also acts as a mid laxative and diuretic.

Botanical description: This is found throughout India in the cultivated field. That is why its one of the synoyms (according to Bhāvaprakāśa) is Yavaśāka, because it grows in the fields of barley (and also wheat). It contains carotene and Vitamine C and used as laxative and anthelmintic, also contains an anthelmintic oil called Chenopodium oil, which is effective against hook worm.

Species: Vāstūka is mainly of two types: Gauravāstūka and Sugandhavāstūka. The species with bigger and red leaves is identified as Gauravāstūka or Chenopodium purpurascens (synonym of Chenopodium giganteum). This is refered by Surendra Mohan in Kaidevanighaṇṭu as Cillī and the American species containing 60% Chenopodium is known as Chenopodium ambrosioides (synonym of Dysphania ambrosioides). Chuṇekar has described it by the name Sugandhavāstūka. Chenopodium botrys (synonym of Dysphania botrys) is used as a substitute for the American species.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Vāstuka (वास्तुक) refers to a type of vegetable, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.334, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Suśruta refers to the vegetable flowers, leaves, fruits, stems and bulbs. Of the pot herbs satīna, vāstuka, cuñcu, cilli, green radish, maṇḍūkaparṇī and jivantī were regarded the best. [...] According to Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya Sūtrasthāna VIII.42-43 (also Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha Sūtrasthāna VII.134), paṭola, kūṣmāṇḍa, suniṣaṇṇaka, jīvanti, unripe radish and vāstuka are good vegetables.

Vāstuka or “spinach” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., fruits of vāstuka (spinach)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., khadira (Acacia catechu)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vāstuka (वास्तुक) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Vāstuka (वास्तुक) is the name of a plant, part of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Vāstuka] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Vāstuka (वास्तुक) refers to “spinach”, according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.3.44ff—Accordingly:—“[...] among the cooked vegetables were paṭolas, squash, mānakacu and a salad made with pieces of ginger and various types of spinach [viz., vāstuka]. [...] Thus Lord Kṛṣṇa was offered all the food, and the Lord took it very pleasantly”

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Vastuka (वस्तुक) is another name for Rāsāvalaya, which is a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Rāsāvalaya (Vastuka) has 21 mātrās in each of their four lines, divided into groups of 6, 4, 6, 5 mātras.—Vastuka and Catuṣpadī seem to be similar common names applied to the Catuṣpadis in general.

2) Vastuka (वस्तुक) is another catuṣpadi metre.—This Vastuka has 25 mātrās in their lines, divided intogroups of 4, 4, 3, 3, 4, 4, 3 mātrās, where the two trimātras in the middle must have a short letter at their end, i.e., 10th and 11th as  also 13th and 14th mātrās must never be combined into a long letter.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vāstuka.—a building site. See Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 97-98. Note: vāstuka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vastūka (वस्तूक).—f (vastu) A toy, plaything, sweetmeat &c. (given to coax or amuse a child).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vastuka (वस्तुक).—Chenopodium Album (Mar. cākavata, candanabaṭavā).

Derivable forms: vastukam (वस्तुकम्).

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Vāstuka (वास्तुक).—a. Left ramaining on the sacrificial ground; उवाचोत्तरतोऽभ्येत्य ममेदं वास्तुकं वसु (uvācottarato'bhyetya mamedaṃ vāstukaṃ vasu) Bhāg.9.4.6.

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Vāstuka (वास्तुक) or Vāstūka (वास्तूक).—Chenopodium Album (Mar. cākavata).

Derivable forms: vāstukam (वास्तुकम्), vāstūkam (वास्तूकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vastuka (वस्तुक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A potherb, (Chenopodium album.) E. vas to abide, (in the ground,) ukañ aff., and tuṭ augment; also vāstuka, vāstūka, &c.

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Vāstuka (वास्तुक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A potherb: see vāstūka .

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Vāstūka (वास्तूक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A potherb, (Chenopodium album, and other edible species.) E. vāstu the site of a house, ṭhak aff., and form irr. (growing there;) also with the vowel unaltered vāstuka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāstuka (वास्तुक).—vāstūka, n. A potherb, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 79, 14 (ū).

Vāstuka can also be spelled as Vāstūka (वास्तूक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vastuka (वस्तुक).—[adjective] having as subject (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vastuka (वस्तुक):—[from vas] mfn. (ifc.) = vastu2, substance, essence (in an-ūna-v, ‘of perfect substance or nature’ [Mālavikāgnimitra i, 6/7])

2) [v.s. ...] n. Chenopodium Album, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Vāṣṭukā (वाष्टुका):—f. Name of a village, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) Vāstuka (वास्तुक):—[from vāstava] mfn. left remaining on the sacrificial ground, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. [preceding] and vāstu-ha)

5) [v.s. ...] m. n. Chenopodium Album, [Suśruta]

6) Vāstūka (वास्तूक):—[from vāstava] m. n. Chenopodium Album, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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