Sunanda, Sunandā, Su-nanda: 24 definitions
Sunanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Sunandā (सुनन्दा, “pleasing, delighting ”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
ह्रीं ओं सुनन्दायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ sunandāyai namaḥ
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Sunandā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Sunandā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Sunandā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—One of the chief personal servants of Lord Nārāyaṇa in His spiritual abode, Vaikuṇṭha.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Śunandā (शुनन्दा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Śunandā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Sunanda (सुनन्द).—A Gopa. (See under Ugratapas).
2) Sunanda (सुनन्द).—Son of King Pradyota. The epic story in Bhaviṣya Purāṇa closes with the story of Sunanda. The Maharṣis, who lived in Naimiṣa forest feared that following the death of Sunanda, the world would become absolutely mean and base, and all of them, therefore, went to the Himālayas and there, at Viśālanagara recited the Viṣṇu Purāṇa. (Bhaviṣya Purāṇa, Pratisarga Saṃhitā).
3) Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—A princess of Kekaya She was married by Sārvabhauma, a King of the Kuru dynasty. The son Jayatsena was born to this couple. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 16).
4) Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—Daughter of Sarvasena the King of Kāśī, Bharata, the son of Duṣyanta, married this Sunandā. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 32, that a son named Bhumanyu, was born to the couple.
5) Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—A princess of Śibi kingdom. She was married by King Pratīpa of the lunar dynasty and the couple had three sons called Devāpi, Śāntanu and Bālhīka. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 44).
6) Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—Sister of Subāhu, King of Cedi. It was her whom the queen of Cedi appointed as companion of Damayantī, who lost her way and arrived at Cedi. She detected Damayantī conversing with the brahmin named Subāhu, who came to Cedi in search of the latter and reported about their meeting to the queen mother. The name of the father of Sunandā and Subāhu was Vīrabāhu. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapters 63, 68 and 69).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 32; II. 9. 14; VII. 8. 39; VIII. 20. 32; 22. 15; X. 39. 53; 89. 57.
- 2) Ib. IV. 9. 30; 12. 22; 19. 5.
- 3) VIII. 21. 16.
1b) A disciple of Brahmā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 16.
2a) Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—R., on its bank Manu (Svāyambhuva) practised tapas renouncing the world.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 8.
2b) A daughter of Sāraṇā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 168; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 166.
2c) A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 12.
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.16). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sunandā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)
Sunanda (सुनन्द) is the name of a merchant, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “One day when the monks come to the market and mask with their smell those of all the goods, the merchant Sunanda insults them. Becoming a monk in a later existence, he in turn is rejected by other monks because of his increasing stench. He then reconciles a divinity who, on two occasions, miraculously gives him a good scent, his natural scent”.
Cf. Uttarādhyayanacūrṇi 80.10-81.3; Uttarādhyayana b.4-12.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Sunanda. Father of Padumuttara Buddha. DhA.i.417; but J.i.37 and Bu.xi.19 call him Ananda.
He became an ascetic and the Buddha preached to him. In this life he was Punna Mantaniputta. ThagA.i.361f.
2. Sunanda Khattiya. Father of Kondanna Buddha. J.i.30; Bu.iii.25.
3. Sunanda. A village, where Yasodhara gave a meal of milk rice to Kondanna Buddha. BuA.108.
4. Sunanda. An Ajivaka who gave grass for his seat to Kondanna Buddha. BuA.108.
5. Sunanda. An Ajivaka who gave grass for his seat to Sujata Buddha. BuA.168.
6. Sunanda. An Ajivaka who gave grass for his seat to Dipankara Buddha. BuA.68.
7. Sunanda. The park where Anomadassi Buddha was born. BuA.141.
8. Sunanda. A disciple of Dhammadassi Buddha. Ap.i.196.
9. Sunanda. A palace of Vipassi Buddha, in his last lay life. Bu.xx.24.
10. Sunanda. A brahmin in the time of Padumuttara Buddha; a former birth of Nita (Pupphachadaniya) Thera. ThagA.i.181; Ap.i.166.
11. Sunanda. A brahmin, who gave an umbrella to Sariputta. Ap.i.266.
12. Sunanda. Son of King Anjasa. Once, while riding the elephant Sirika, he saw the Pacceka Buddha Devala, and drove the elephant against him. He was a previous birth of Upali. ThagA.i.367f.
13. Sunanda. A king of thirty seven kappas ago, a previous birth of Akkanta Sannaka. Ap.i.212.
14. Sunanda. A charioteer of the king of Kasi, in the Mugapakkha Jataka (J.vi.10ff). He is identified with Sariputta.
15. Sunanda. A charioteer of King Sivi in the Ummadanti Jataka. He is identified with Ananda. J.v.227.
16. Sunanda. A king of Surabhi in the time of Mangala Buddha; the Buddha preached to him. Bu.iv.6; BuA.119f.
17. Sunanda. A city. See Naradeva (2).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Sunanda (सुनन्द) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sunandā).
2a) Sunandā (सुनन्दा) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
2b) Sunandā (सुनन्दा) also refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) is the wife of Kṣemaṅkara, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.
These law-givers and their wifes (e.g., Sunandā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Sunandā (सुनन्दा) is the mother of Śītalanātha: the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Śītalanātha was born of a Kṣatriya family of Malaya Kingdom. His birth-place is named Bhadrikapura or Bhadillapura (Madrapura according to one version). His parent’s names were king Dṛḍharatha and Queen Sunandā respectively. His chowri-bearer was called Rājā Sīmandhara.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1a) Sunandā (सुनन्दा) refers to one of the two spouses of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “[...] struck on the head in the manner of the crow-and-palm-tree fable, the boy died then by the first accidental death. [...] Then the second one of the twins, the giri, by nature endowed with innocence, stood with tremulous eyes, like a remnant after a sale. Her parents took her and raised her, and gave her the name Sunandā. [...]”.
1b) Sunandā (सुनन्दा) refers to one of the lotus-lakes situated near the four Añjana mountains, which are situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In the four directions from each of the Añjana Mountains there are lotus-lakes, 100,000 yojanas square: [e.g., Sunandā, ...]. At a distance of 500 yojanas from each of them there are great gardens, 500 yojanas wide and 100,000 long, [...]. Within the lotus-lakes are the crystal Dadhimukha Mountains, [...] Between each two lotus-lakes there are 2 Ratikara Mountains so there are 32 Ratikara Mountains. On the Dadhimukha Mountains and on the Ratikara Mountains, there are eternal shrines of the Arhats, just as on the Añjana Mountains. [...]”.
3) Sunanda (सुनन्द) is the name of an ancient king from Mahāpura, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Accordingly, “[...] Wearing a devadūṣya placed by Indra on his shoulder, observing a day’s fast, and pulling out his hair in five handfuls, the Supreme Lord and six hundred kings became mendicants in the afternoon on the amāvāsī of Phālguna (the moon being) in the constellation Vāruṇa. [...] On the next day in Mahāpura in the house of King Sunanda the Supreme Lord broke his fast with rice-pudding. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Triveni: Journal (history)
Sunanda is the name of a Poetess mentioned in the Rajasekhara-charita.—The classical Sanskrit and Prakrit literature has distinguished itself by the contribution of women [viz., Sunanda] with an extraordinarily high calibre and simultaneously by their occupying a very significant position in the society of the day. The literature also distinguishes itself by immortalizing brave women. Women also were well-versed in the arts and possessed scholarship. [...] The Rajasekhara-charita mentions poetesses [viz., Sunanda, etc.].
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—Name of Balarāma's club; प्रतिजग्राह बलवान् सुनन्देनाहनच्च तम् (pratijagrāha balavān sunandenāhanacca tam) Bhāg.1.67.18.
Derivable forms: sunandam (सुनन्दम्).
Sunanda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and nanda (नन्द).
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Sunanda (सुनन्द).—a kind of royal palace.
Derivable forms: sunandaḥ (सुनन्दः).
Sunanda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and nanda (नन्द).
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1) Name of a woman.
2) Name of Pārvatī; L. D. B.
3) yellow pigment; L. D. B.
Sunandā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and nandā (नन्दा).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—(1) name of a devaputra: Lalitavistara 4.12; 6.12; 438.16; Mahāvastu ii.257.7; (2) name of a cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.250.17; (3) name of a nāga: Mahā-Māyūrī 222.2.
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Sunandā (सुनन्दा).—name of a yakṣiṇī: Sādhanamālā 562.4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) Pleasing, delighting. n.
(-ndaṃ) The club of Balarama. f.
(-ndā) 1. The goddess Uma. 2. A sort of pigment and drug: see gorocanā. 3. A woman. 4. One of Uma'S female companions. 5. A plant, (Aristolochia Indica.) E. su well, thoroughly, nadi to please, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—I. adj. delighting. Ii. f. dā, 1. Umā. 2. a woman. Iii. n. the club of Baladeva.
Sunanda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and nanda (नन्द).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—[masculine] ā [feminine] man’s & woman’s name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sunanda (सुनन्द):—[=su-nanda] [from su > su-nakṣatra] a mfn. pleasing well, delighting, [Horace H. Wilson]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a palace of a [particular] form ([varia lectio] sundara), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Deva-putra, [Lalita-vistara]
4) [v.s. ...] of a Sātvata attending on Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist Śrāvaka, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]
6) Sunandā (सुनन्दा):—[=su-nandā] [from su-nanda > su > su-nakṣatra] f. a [particular] Tithi, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]
7) [v.s. ...] Aristolochia Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] a white cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] yellow pigment (= go-rocanā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] a woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of Umā or a friend of Umā (dā-sahita, ‘attended by S°’), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] of a wife of Kṛṣṇa ([varia lectio] su-vārttā), [Harivaṃśa]
13) [v.s. ...] of the mother of Bāhu and Vālin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] of Mudāvatī (q.v.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] of a sister of Su-bāhu (king of the Cedis), [Mahābhārata]
16) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Sārvabhauma (also called Kaikeyī), [ib.]
17) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Bharata (also called Kāśeyī Sārvasenī), [ib.]
18) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Pratīpa (also called Śaibyā), [ib.]
19) [v.s. ...] of a female door-keeper, [Raghuvaṃśa]
20) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
21) Sunanda (सुनन्द):—[=su-nanda] [from su > su-nakṣatra] n. Name of a club made by Tvaṣṭṛ, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
22) [=su-nanda] b su-nandana See [column]2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sunanda (सुनन्द):—[(ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) n.] The club of Balarāma. 1. f. Durgā; sort of pigment; a plant, Aristolochia. a. Pleasing.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Vasunanda.
Full-text (+58): Saunanda, Sucakra, Pracira, Sundari, Dvarapalaka, Sunandana, Anjasa, Akkantasannaka, Sirika, Sarvaseni, Bodhigutta, Sarvasena, Visalakkhi Vimana Vatthu, Anuraja, Sudat, Shvetalohita, Nita, Hala, Arkapatra, Arkaparṇa.
Search found 34 books and stories containing Sunanda, Sunandā, Śunandā, Su-nanda, Su-nandā; (plurals include: Sunandas, Sunandās, Śunandās, nandas, nandās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Bhagavad-gita-mahatmya (by Shankaracharya)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Buddha Chronicle 24: Kassapa Buddhavaṃsa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Buddha Chronicle 3: Maṅgala Buddhavaṃsa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Buddha Chronicle 15: Dhammadassī Buddhavaṃsa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Former births of Rāvaṇa, Sītā, Lakṣmaṇa, Sugrīva, Bhāmaṇḍala, Lavaṇa and Aṅkuśa < [Chapter X - Rāma’s mokṣa (emancipation)]
Part 5: Bāhubali’s march < [Chapter V]
Part 8: Vāsupūjya’s initiation < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)