Sarvasena, Sarvaṣeṇa, Sarvashena: 8 definitions


Sarvasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarvaṣeṇa can be transliterated into English as Sarvasena or Sarvashena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvasena in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन).—A king of Kāśī whose daughter Sunandā was married by emperor Bharata. The couple had a son called Bhumanyu. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 32).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) chose Vatsagulma as capital of his separate Vākāṭaka kingdom. He wrote along with other gāthās the Prakrit Kāvya, Hari-vijaya. From his time onwards down to the period of Rāja-Śekhara, Prakrit poetry of high standard continued to beproduced in the city of Vatsagulma. This kind of practice gave birth to a particular style which is named as Vacchomi by Rājaśekhara in the opening verse of his Prakrit Play Karpura-Mañjarī.

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Sarvaṣeṇa I (r. 325-355 CE) is a king from the Eastern Vākāṭakas (Nandivardhana branch) dynasty of ancient India. During the rule of the Vākāṭakas (founded by Vindhyaśakti), there was a burst of patronage and creative energy directed at the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) that existed since the 3rd century BCE. During this time the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Sarvaṣeṇa) and descendants of the Sātavāhana lineage. Sarvaṣeṇa I was preceded by Pravaraṣeṇa I and succeeded by Vindhyaśakti II (Vindhyaṣeṇa).

Sarvaṣeṇa II from the Nandivardhana branch (Eastern Vākāṭakas) reigned 425-455 CE, was preceded by Pravaraṣeṇa II and succeeded by Devaṣeṇa.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Vākāṭakas

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) is the author of the Harivijaya, composed during his reign of the Vākāṭakas (mid-3rd century CE).—Prakrit poetry also received a fresh impetus during the enlightened regime of the Vākāṭaka kings. These kings were not only patrons of learned men, but also authors of excellent Prakrit kāvyas and subhāṣitas. Of these the earliest is Sarvasena, the founder of the Vatsagulma branch, who composed the Prakrit kāvya Harivijaya. Sarvasena had indeed long been known as the author of this Prakrit kāvya from the references to him in the works of Ānandavardhana, Hemachandra and other rhetoricians, but that he was a king because known only from a mutilated verse in the fragmentary Avantisundrīkathā.

Sarvasena seems to have composed some Prakrit gāthās also. Gaṅgādharabhaṭṭa, whose commentary has been published in the Nirṇayasāgar edition of the Gāthāsaptaśatī, does not name Sarvasena among the known authors of the gāthās, but, as Weber has shown, another commentator Bhuvanapāla ascribes two verses, viz., 217 and 234 to him. Pītāmbara, a third commentator, whose commentary on the gāthās has been published recently, mentions Sarvasena’s name in connection with two more verses, viz, 504 and 505. The attribution of these gāthās to Sarvasena furnishes additional evidence for the identification of the author with the homonymous king who ruled over Southern Vidarbha.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvasena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन).—[adjective] leading the whole host.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Ānandavardhana in Dhvanyāloka: Yaśodharacaritra dig. Bp. 281. Harivijaya kāvya. Quoted by Ānandavardhana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarvasena (सर्वसेन):—[=sarva-sena] [from sarva] mfn. (sarva-) leading all the host, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the lord of the whole host, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Brahma-datta, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] of a place [gana] śaṇḍikodi

6) Sārvasena (सार्वसेन):—[=sārva-sena] [from sārva] m. ([from] sarva-s) a [particular] Pañca-rātra, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarvasena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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