Shitalanatha, Shitala-natha, Śītalanātha: 2 definitions



Shitalanatha means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śītalanātha can be transliterated into English as Sitalanatha or Shitalanatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shitalanatha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śītalanātha (शीतलनाथ) is another name for Śītala, the tenth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 90 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 165 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Śrīvatsa.

Śītalanātha’s father is Dṛḍharatha and his mother is Nandā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Śītalanātha (शीतलनाथ) refers to the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Śītalanātha was born of a Kṣatriya family of Malaya Kingdom. His birth-place is named Bhadrikapura or Bhadillapura (Madrapura according to one version). His parent’s names were king Dṛḍharatha and Queen Sunandā respectively. His chowri-bearer was called Rājā Sīmandhara. The tree under which he attained the Kevala knowledge is Vilva (Aegle marmelos), The Jaina texts assign tohim the Yakṣa named Brahmā and Yakṣiṇī named Aśokā (Digambara: Mānavī). The Digambaras regard the Aśvattha (Ficus religioso) as his emblem, the Śvetāmbaras Śrīvatsa (wishing tree) for the same.

The Jina received the name of Śītalanātha inasmuch as he could take away men’s heat of sorrow. Another version explains the name as follows—“The tenth Tīrthaṃkara had marvellous power of imparting coolness (Śītalanātha) to fevered patients. Before his birth his mother laid her hand on her husband and immediately the fever which had defied all the efforts of physicians left him, and all his life being the saint had a similar power,hence his name Śītalanātha, Lord of coolness”. His emblems have not much to interpret. The Peepal tree is known for its cool shade, similarly the Śrīvatsa symbol stands for auspiciousness and blessedness.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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